Brave NewWorld

Many fascinating aspects in regard to the nature of human society are
presented in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. Through creating a utopian
society, Huxley addresses three issues that I find compelling. The first issue
is the process of making people happy through meeting the fundamental needs of
man: food, clothing, and shelter, using a class system. Huxley also presents how
to establish a stable society. Another point regarding the nature of human
society is Huxley’s portrayal of social order.

The First issue which deals with the process of making humans happy is done
through meeting their basic needs of food, clothing, and shelter by establishing
a class system. There are five classes, Alphas, Betas, Gammas, Deltas, and
Epsilons. Each class of society is produced in a test tube. The propensities of
various classes are produced through the amount of oxygen and chemicals put in
the embryo in the test tube. It is through the various classes that the
societies fundamental needs are met because each class is brainwashed through
Bokanovsky’s process, which is repeated information while the infants are
asleep programming them for their lot in life. It is through accepting their lot
in life that happiness is achieved in a utopian society. Huxley’s idea of a
utopian community is interesting, what makes it more interesting is how he shows
that even in this type of society there is room for human error. For example, in
the characters of Helmholtz and Bernard imperfections occurred due to human
error during the creation of the embryo. Bernard was given to little of the
chemical for physical attributes, which made him small for his class, therefore
Bernard had a physical defect. Helmholtz had a mental defect because he was
given a mental excess in the test tube. Even though these humans are produced in
test tubes, there is room for human error. Human beings are never perfect, there
will always be error. This is what makes the class systems produced through test
tubes believable because errors were made.

The second interesting aspect in regard to the nature of human society
presented by Huxley is how to establish a stable society. It is presented that
in a society stability can be achieved but a price is paid. Stability in Brave
New World is achieved through non-violent conditioning and propaganda.
Propaganda is used to brainwash each class by relying on emotional appeals and
distortions of the facts, so that each class is happy with their lot. It is
interesting how the stability is achieved through sacrificing (high art) meaning
no Shakespeare, Bible, or anything that would make people think on their own.

It is through thinking that change occurs in a society. In a utopian society
change would be harmful to the community. “We don’t want change. Every
change is a menace to stability. Every discovery in pure science is potentially
subversive; even science must sometimes be treated as a possible enemy.” (p.
224-225) The whole aspect of reaching a stable society through programming
people not to think is frightening because individuals are not allowed to have
feelings, and if they do they are drugged.

The final point I found interesting regarding the nature of human society is
Huxley’s portrayal of social order. It is through social order, according to
Huxley, that stability is achieved in a utopian society. Social order would be
upset in Utopia if people were allowed to think. According to the character
Mustapha Mond, who is the leader of the utopian society, “The World’s stable
now. People are happy; they get what they want, and they never want what they
can’t get. They’re well off; they’re safe; they’re never ill; they’re
not afraid of death; they’re blissfully ignorant of passion and old age; they’re
plagued with no mothers or fathers; they’ve got no wives, or children, or
lovers to feel strongly about; they’re so conditioned that they practically
can’t help behaving as they ought to behave.” (Page 220) Mustapha Mond goes
on to talk about what would happen if the social order were upset. “Social
order would be upset if men started doing things on their own.” (Page 236)
Mond Continues to back the importance of social order by having a class system
where everyone knows there place and even the lower classes are happy. “They
like it. It’s light, it’s childishly simple. No strain on the mind or the
muscles. Seven and a half hours of mild, unexhausting labor, and then the soma
ration and games and unrestricted copulation and the feelies. What more could
you ask for.” (Page 224) Huxley’s idea of social order being decided for