Bob Marley

Bob Marley is a legend and has influenced bands from all styles of music. Bob was very interesting, and a great musician. Showing respect for Marley, many bands from punk, R&B, rock and even country western music have covered his songs. Not only a musician, Marley was a very holy man, very intent with his faith in Jah (god). Bob Marley started playing when he was a teenager with a group consisting of Bunny Livingston and Peter McIntosh (later known as the Wailers). Bob Marley and the Wailers continued writing music and introducing society to reggae music. After several changes in Bob\'s musical line-up, he found the style he wanted and released several chart-topping albums. In the year 1977 Marley started having health problems which led to his death ("Bob Marley." 1-3).
Robert Nesta Marley was born February 6, 1945, near St. Ann, Jamaica, to his father, Norval Marley, and his mother, Cedella Malcolm. When Bob was young he moved to Trenchtown, Jamaica (R., David 1). "Marley began singing professionally at sixteen" ("Bob Marley." 1). He released his first album, Judge Not (1961), and his second, One More Cup of Coffee (1962), but neither did well. Later Marley banded with two friends, Bunny Livingston and Peter McIntosh (later known as Peter Tosh), who became the Wailers. "Bob Marley acted as the leader of the band and he wrote most of the material" (R., David). In 1965 the Wailers became very popular, and wrote several hits on the Coxsone-label (R., David 1). "In 1966, Marley married Rita Anderson, and moved to the United States, where he stayed with his mother. But heeding the call of his homeland\'s fast-growing Rastafarian faith, Marley returned to Jamaica the same year" ("Bob


Marley." 1). In 1967 Marley\'s wife gave birth to their first child, Cedella, and the next year she gave birth to their first son, David (better known as Ziggy) (R., David 1).
Marley\'s music started to drift from ska into a "rock steady" (slower ska or rude boy
music) style. Close to the same time, Bob started his longtime contract with Island Records. After signing with Island he could start sharing reggae with people all over the world. His first album on Island was Catch a Fire, which included the song "Stir it Up." "From there, fueled by his Rastafarian faith and its intoxicating communion ("ganja"), Marley went to become reggae\'s ambassador" ("Bob Marley." 1-2). In the early seventies Marley wasn\'t having any major U.S. hits, but Eric Clapton did well with his
version of Marley\'s "I Shot the Sheriff." "In a way, it is a pity that the Wailers came to represent the entirety of reggae in the U.S., because there was plenty of talent \'down deh\'" (Ward 448). It wasn\'t the same in England, however. The Wailers were a huge success and started an anti-racist skinhead movement in which skinheads could "stomp" to the reggae music. In England reggae also influenced the "punk" band The Clash into doing similar reggae songs with emphasis on racial tolerance (Ward 448-449).
"In 1974, after losing Tosh and Livingston but adding the I-threes (a female vocal trio that included his wife, Rita), Marley released the formidable, moralistic Natty Dread, an album featuring the soon-to-be reggae classics \'No Women No Cry\' and \'Lively Up Yourself\'" ("Bob Marley." 2). Shortly after, Marley got a breakthrough in the U.S. with Rastaman Vibrations and Exodus (Ward 448-449). "In the year 1976 the reggae-mania boomed in the States. Rolling Stone Magazine named Bob Marley and the Wailers \'Band of the Year\' in their February issue" (R., David 2).

Bob Marley was happy were he was, but it wouldn\'t last. "On a 1977 European Tour, Marley and the Wailers played an informal soccer game (his passion) against a team of French Journalists. In the process, Marley hurt his foot, and though subsequent treatment for the injury revealed the presence of cancerous cells, he steadfastly refused surgery" ("Bob Marley." 2). Some say he refused surgery because it was against his beliefs of the
Rasatfari (R., David 2).
Despite health problems Marley toured excessively in 1978. During this tour Marley played at the massive Madison Square Gardens (which he released as the Babylon by Bus album). Even though the cancer was taking its toll on Marley,