Bill Gates

William Henry Gates, III was born October 28, 1955 in
Seattle, Washington. He was the middle child of three born
to William and Mary Gates. ATrey, as he was called
because of the III, was sent to a private school by his
father, a lawyer, and mother, a former teacher now on
several prestigious boards (Moritz, 238). At age 13, Bill
had completely taught himself programming after taking
computer studies class. After scoring a perfect 800 on the
mathematics half of the SAT, he graduated from Lakeside
school and enrolled at Harvard University as a prelaw
major. As a student, Gates was a wonder. He received an
A in an economics class without attending and cramming
the night before the final exam. In June 1975, Bill Gates
dropped out of Harvard to pursue a career in computers
full time.

Later that year after dropping out of Harvard he moved to
New Mexico. There he and Allen Kay established
Microsoft to produce their Basic for the MITS. Eighteen
months later they were a few hundred thousand dollars
richer and were hired by Tandy to develop software for its
radio shack computers. Gates and Allen then moved their
headquarters to Seattle, Washington. In Seattle, Gates
re-wrote an operating system and called it MS-DOS,
which stands for Microsoft Disk Operating System.
Microsoft would eventually sell the rights of MS-DOS to
IBM, making it a major computer corporation. Other
computer companies wanted Microsoft to produce
software for their computers, including Steve Jobs and
Steve Wozniak of Apple computers. With the operating
system established, Gates and Microsoft set out to create
applications software, for tasks such as financial analysis or
word processing. Microsoft has continued being successful
through the years and will be in the future as long as !

it keeps innovating new and exciting computer software.

Bill Gates has his eye on the future. He sees the world in a
Apowerful, high-speed network-both within companies
and across the so called Information [email protected]
(Brandt, 57). He hopes to be on top of the Transformation
from Personal Computers to nets. Gates predicts that an
explosion of low-cost, high-capacity, networks will
radically alter how we use technology in the upcoming
decade.

Now before Bill Gates came onto the scene in the early
seventies, the main focus in the computer world was
hardware. Chips, circuit boards, capacitors and controllers
these were what computers were all about at this time.
Companies like IBM, Compaq and Apple were at the
head of the pack in the Aindustry that pushed hefty boxes
of metal and plastic and silicon at thousands ob bucks a
[email protected](Manes, 4) No one had yet attempted to tap the
software business, a market that was inevitably going to
grow as fast of faster than its complimentary hardware
market. Bill gates saw this opportunity and took advantage
of it.

When William Henry Gates came into the world in the year
1955, the fledgling computer industry was still trying to
spread its wings and fly. AOn the day he was born in
1955, fewer then 500 electronic computers had existed in
the entire world, their total retail value amounted to less
then $200 million, and the term [email protected] had not yet
been [email protected](Manes, 2) Bill first laid a hand on a
computer in 1968 while in junior high school. The computer
business was rapidly transforming at this time, and so was
Bill Gates. He saw the real profitable side of computers
was not their hardware. Rather it was the software end of
the business. Good software is what makes a computer
exciting and easy to use. Bill Gates grabbed this concept
and ran with it. The result: As of 1993 AGates was
personally worth more than $2 [email protected], and his company,
Microsoft, was Avalued at more than $7 [email protected](Manes,
2)

As Microsoft and the software industry grew, the computer
hardware manufacturers no longer saw the opportunity to
exploit Bill Gates= company, as they had done initially with
BASIC, one of the first programs Microsoft produced.
Rather, they saw Bill Gates and Microsoft as the Controller
of their destinies. Microsoft software had become so
popular that if your hardware could not run it, you were
certain of defeat. Throughout the early 80\'s, Bill was the
ruler of the computer industry. AHis decisions on which
machines to back and which to ignore helped to make
companies and break them. Heads of firms that created
computers and microprocessors regularly make pilgrimages
to Microsoft=s wooded headquarters in Redmond,
Washington, to sit at the feet of the [email protected](Manes, 4)

In 1986, Microsoft again revolutionized the computer
industry and launched its first version of Windows.
Microsoft called Windows an Aoperating environment,@
meaning it was designed mainly to run other programs. The
difference between this system and the original BASIC
language was that Windows incorporated a Graphical