Barn Burning


In William Faulkner\'s story, "Barn Burning", we find a young man who struggles


with the relationship he has with his father. We see Sarty, the young man, develop into an


adult while dealing with the many crude actions and ways of Abner, his father. We see


Sarty as a puzzled youth who faces the questions of faithfulness to his father or


faithfulness to himself and the society he lives in. His struggle dealing with the reactions


which are caused by his father\'s acts result in him thinking more for himself as the story


progresses. Faulkner uses many instances to display the developing of Sarty\'s conscience


as the theme of the story "Barn Burning." Three instances in which we can see the


developing of a conscience in the story are the ways that Sarty compliments and admires


his father, the language he uses when describing his father, and the way he obeys his father


throughout the story.


The first instance in which we can see a transition from childhood to adulthood in


Sarty\'s life is in the way he compliments his father. Sarty admires his father very much


and wishes that things could change for the better throughout the story. At the beginning


of the story he speaks of how his fathers "...wolflike independence..."(145) causes his


family to depend on almost no one. He believes that they live on their own because of his


fathers drive for survival. When Sarty mentions the way his father commands his sisters to


clean a rug with force "...though never raising his voice..."(148), it shows how he sees his


father as strict, but not overly demanding. He seems to begin to feel dissent towards his


father for the way he exercises his authority in the household. As we near the end of the


Taylor-2


story, Sarty\'s compliments become sparse and have a different tone surrounding them.


After running from the burning barn, he spoke of his dad in an almost heroic sense. He


wanted everyone to remember his dad as a brave man, "He was in the war."(154) and


should be known for it, not burning barns. He seems to care about, but not condone his


father and his actions.


Another instance where we see a transition is in the language he uses when


describing his father. At the beginning of the story he spoke as a child watching and


looking at the things around him. He said that an enemy of his fathers was "...our


enemy..."(147) and spoke with the loyalty of a lamb, never knowing that it could stray


from the flock. Near the middle of the story, we can see the tone of his speech change.


Sarty shows change when he asks his father if he "...want[s] to ride now?"(149) when they


are leaving deSpain\'s house. He seems to have the courage to ask his dad certain things,


not fearing the consequences. At the end of the story, the language Sarty uses becomes


clearer and more independent. As he runs from the deSpain\'s house, like a child, he cries


for Abner saying, "Pap! Pap!"(154), but when he stops and recalls the event, he says, like


an adult, "Father! Father!"(154). He shows his development through these examples of his


speech.


The last instance where he shows us that he is developing a conscience is in the


way he obeys his father. Sarty seems to do anything his father says at the begging of the


story. When Sarty is called to stand at his fathers trial, he says that his father "...aims for


me to lie and I will have to do hit."(144). He is totally loyal at the beginning of the story,


but as the tale progresses, we see his obedience weaken. After the cleaning of the rug, we


see Sarty\'s father ask if he has "...put the cutter [horse] back in the strait stock..."(150)


and we find that Sarty disobeys his father for the first time when he says "No sir."(150).


Taylor-3


He begins to have a say in things in a slight way. But near the end of the story, his mind


totally decides for itself when he was told to stay at home. He told his mother to "Lemme


go."(153). He seems willing to go to any length to disobey his father for the purpose of


serving justice now.


After reading about Faulkner\'s transitional phases of the compliments, speech, and


loyalty of Sarty, we can see the change from childhood to adulthood or from a person of


innocence into a person with a