Austria

Table of Contents
Population
Culture
Tradition
Way of Life
Vegetation and Animal Life
History
Religion
Arts
Language
Education Health
Government
Climate
Trade
Resources
Agriculture
Bibliography

Austria

Austria, a small country in Central Europe famous for its gorgeous
mountain scenery. The towering Alps, and the foothills stretch across the
western, southern and central parts of the country. Broad green valleys, lovely
mirror lakes and thick forest cover a good portion of the land. Austria with no
coastline shares its surrounded borders with Liechtenstein and Switzerland to
the west; Germany and the Czech Republic to the north; Hungary and Slovakia to
the east; and to the south Italy and Slovenia. North-East is Vienna, Austria\'s
capital and largest city, where about a fifth of the people live.

Population

Austria has a population of about 7 million. Most Austrian\'s choose to
live in the lower east areas of the country and just south of the Danube River.
Also the capital and largest city, more than one and a half-million of the
Austrian population lives in Vienna. Other cities with more than 100,000 people
living in them consist of Graz, Innsbruck, Linz, and Scuzburg.

Culture

Austrians do not like being classified as Germans, Austria is basically
Germanic in language and ethnic association. Some minorities include 40,000
Croats, 70,000 Solvenes, and a small group of Hungarians (11,000) and Czechs
(5,000). Most Austrian\'s live south of the Danube River. Austrians enjoy an
array of fine foods such as a Viennese Clich otherwise known as a Wiener
Schnitzel, and many fine cakes and pastries. The average life expectancy for
males is 72 and females 78.

Traditions

In May and June Vienna hosts the Vienna Festival. This festival is a
celebration of music, arts, and theater. Austrians have a great love for music,
many of the greatest composers were born and played there, many like Beethoven
and other popular composers. Operas are also very popular, and The Vienna State
Opera House is the most popular for such an activity. Festivals play an
important part of Austria. One festival takes place throughout the province of
Tyrol, in the beginning of spring. People dress up and pretend to chase the
evil spirits of winter away.

Way of Life

Most Austrians living in the cities live in four and five story
apartments. Others live in single story homes, or high rises. Clothing is very
much like the style here in the U.S. but Austrians tend to dress up more often.
On special occasions Austrian\'s dress in the national dress, a green trimmed,
gray wool suit with a coat and knickers for men, the women\'s dress consists of
a dirndl; a peasant coat, a blouse, a wide Girdle, and a bright full apron.
Austrians eat elegant foods and many exquisite desserts. Beer or wine is
usually served with meals.

Austrians love the outdoors, and the many different physical features of
Austria allow the people to enjoy many different types of sports. In winter
Austrians enjoy ice skating, skiing, tobogganing, bobsledding, ice hockey, ski
jumping, and curling, a game in which the players slide heavy stones along the
ice toward a circular target. Summer sports include boating, fishing, hiking,
mountain climbing, swimming, and water skiing. The people also enjoy biking,
camping, picnics, and soccer.

Vegetation and Animal Life

Deciduous trees, including beech, birch, and oak, are very populated in
the lower altitudes. In Alpine areas conifers extend all over. Bare rocks and
grass slops continue to the snow line.

The boar, bear, wolf, and lynx have disappeared, but red deer, chamois,
marmot, and grouse still live in the protected Alpine reserves. In the grassy
flats gray goose, white tailed, and spotted eagles, and great white herons breed.
In the village of Rust, white storks return annually to their chimney nests.

History

Around 400 B.C. Celtic tribes occupied Austria. Around 15 B.C. Rome
took control from the Celtic tribes. After the collapse of the Roman Empire
many different empires took control of Austria. In 955 the king of Germany,
Otto I, took control of Austria, this empire later came to be know as the Holy
Roman Empire. In 1806 the empire ended.

The Babenberg family controlled north-eastern Austria from 976 until
1246, when the last Bebenberg duke died without an heir and the king of Bohemia
seized the region.

The Hapsburgs lost the Holy Roman crown in the 1300\'s, but a Habsburg
was once again elected emperor in 1438. From then on, the Habsburgs held the
title.

Between the 1400\'s and 1500\'s, the Habsburg emperors acquired new lands
of Bohemia and Hungary, but their control was shaken by the Protestant
Reformation in the 1500\'s and the Thirty Years\' War of 1618 to 1648. During
these centuries, Austria