Australopithecus


By: Chris Stewart
Date: December 15th
1996 Biology


There are many types of the hominid called australopithecus, which means
southern apes. These were small ape-like creatures(with a height between 107cm
and 152cm) that showed evidence of walking upright. It is difficult to tell
whether these begins are "humans" or "apes". Many of their characteristics are
split between humans and apes. The many species of australopithecus include
A.(australopithecus) ramidus, A. anamenesis, A. afarensis, A. africanus, A .
acthiopicus, A. robustus, and A. boisei. The oldest known and identified species
of australopithecus that roamed the earth was a. ramidus who lived about 4.5
million years ago. Next came A. Anamensis, A afarensis, A africanus, A.
acthiopicus, a boisei and a. robustus. Ausralopithecus boisei roamed the earth
as early as 1.1 million years ago and was on earth at the sametime as homo
habilis and homo erectus. Most of the australopithecus fossils that have been
discovered have been found in eastern africa and have been dated between 4.5
million and 1.1 million years old. There has also been evidence that the
australopithecus "man" lived in australia where fossils have also been found.
The first discovery of an australopithecus fossil was made in 1924. The body of
the australopithecus is smaller than humans, but biffer than chimpanzees. Also,
The brain size of australopithecus is bigger than humans at about 475 cubic
centimeters. This is also biffer than the chipanzees, but the brains were not
developed in most areas. For example speech. The australopithecus species all
had mostly the same features with a low forehead, a "bony ridge"over the eyes, a
flat nose and no chin. Their jaws stuck out and they had large back teeth. Even
today, many more species of australopithecus are being discovered.
Australopithecus anamensis was only named in august 1995, even though it is one
of the oldest species of australopithecus(living between 4.2 and 3.9 million
years ago.)

Category: Science