Apartheid

INTRODUCTION

Canada is still correcting unjust treatment of our Aboriginal citizens, and the end is not yet in sight. However, Canada has a better record, than another former British colony, South Africa. For 250 years, South African treatment of its original peoples, was an international shame.

"Apartheid" meaning \'separateness\' was the law and the policy of South Africa that defined an evil, racist system of denying the rights of non-white people in the country.

Apartheid created a nation where a minority of white citizens enjoyed prosperity and health, by dominating 5 times as many non-whites. The whites kept the non-whites poor, malnourished, poorly educated and without even the basic rights and freedoms that all Canadians are guar-anteed.

Apartheid - \'separateness\' - made South Africa separate - shunned by much of the civilized world as a police state as hateful as any in world history for anyone but white citizens..

Apartheid laws \'sorted\' people in terms of racial origin, to ensure white citizens got "the best land, the best jobs, the best social services; all other races got the leftovers" according to a 1989 Canadian Government report,

South Africa has changed in just a few years... the first election to allow all citizens to vote for a new government and a new system came took place only in 1994, after decades of racial injustice.

That first free, all-race election chose a black man, Nelson Manila, elected President of South Africa... after he spent 26 years in jail, for opposing the \'apartheid\' of the former white supremacist government.

South Africa\'s reform came very slowly and painfully, after many years of widespread injustice, racial discrimination, bloodshed, and violence against its non-white citizens.

Non-violent resistance, combined with organized underground sabotage and terrorism by the African National Congress in 1961. ANC leader Nelson Manila was sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in 1964. Government crackdowns defeated the underground... until a rebellion in Soweto was crushed by the South African forces with heavy loss of life, in 1976.

An unsuccessful bid to invade neighbouring Angola at the same time led to a recession in South Africa, for which the government was blamed.
IT BEGAN WITH THE BRITISH

The problem began 250 years ago. The first European (white) settlers came to South Africa in the 17th century, and began treating non-white people as sub-human. Black Africans had lived there for thousands of years.

The discovery of wealth, especially gold and diamonds, brought the might of the British Empire to South Africa, and the racist policies that denied non-white their basic human rights, grew stronger.

"White Power" took hold, when Britain handed over power to the white minority of South Africa in 1910. The whites immediately began writing laws to guarantee their control. Non-whites were not allowed to vote.

In 1947, another white supremacist government was elected. announcing an official policy of \'apartheid\' or separation, with more unjust laws. The nightmare ended more than 40 years later. The white supremacists saw they had lost their power to control. The huge non-white majority was able to vote for the first time.

A United Nations report, written during the 1960s, begins by saying the issue had been discussed by the UN since it was formed in 1946.

The report mentions old complaints filed by both India and Pakistan, about South African laws that discriminated against South African citi-zens of Indian or Pakistani decent.

The UN report does not mention Mahatma Ghandi. Ghandi, a British-educated lawyer born in India, moved to South Africa in 1893, a century before the end of apartheid. Ghandi lived there for twenty-one years, protesting the racial discrimination he faced. Seeking his legal rights as a British subject in British-ruled South Africa, Ghandi organized "civil disobedience" protests against racial discrimination, for example, a strike among Indian miners.

Ghandi won only minor reforms in South Africa, despite being arrested many times. Ironically, Ghandi won British medals, as a medic during the Boer War and the Zulu Rebellion, in South Africa. Ghandi left South Africa, without solving its racial problems. He went home to India, in the 1920s, where he led non-violent protests to end British rule over In-dia and Pakistan.

British colonial rule was responsible for the problems of Aboriginal people in Canada, India and South Africa.
A SHAMEFUL RECORD: CANADA AND THE WORLD

So-called \'world opinion\' officially opposed South African racism. The actual