This essay Anti-War Movements has a total of 1680 words and 9 pages.
The oral records of the anti-war protests, tells us that the experiences of the anti-war movements was deeply enshrined in political ideologies, however greatly varied with the society in which the protesters lived in. It must be acknowledged that the experience of the Australian anti-war movement was much ‘less profound’ than it was in America, and to understand this topic, this point must be accepted. Curthoys recognizes, accepts, and explains this point in her text.
Anne Curthoys, an active member of the feminist movement, and the ‘new left’, recounts her experiences in these movements, which is furthered by her historical knowledge as a lecturer at Australian National University, which allows her to assess the difference in experiences between the two nations. Two main areas in which the experiences of the anti-war movement differed in Australia as compared with America, is the engagement of the political ideologies (in particular the left) in the movements, and the focus of the protest in both nations.
In America, the three main political ideologies (which at times conflicted with each other in their protests against the war), were: (as was stated) the Political left, (also known as ‘the new left’) which, appealed to the student youth, and used non-violent tactics, in the search for a middle class social and cultural revolution (in contrast to ‘old left’ socialist desires of worker, and economic revolution), the Liberals, who were a peace-movement, and the radical pacifists, who used hostile, and violent means to achieve their ends and who were also heavily involved with the civil right movement.
The stance of an individual ideologically influenced the experience of the anti-war movement dramatically, as all the different parties operated their methods to the anti-war movement in vastly different way. For example Curthoys has given various examples of how the radicals initiated and engaged in student street battles, and open hostilities against the army. The radicals were abusive, were vandalistic, and very often ended up arrested for any length of period. These experiences were vastly different to say the Liberals who, (as was mentioned) were a peace movement, who engaged in the anti-war experience through the methods of petitions, debates, meetings/organizations, speeches, occasional marches, and even just handing out leaflets in the street, in universities, or in schools. It is worth noting that there were those in the Liberal movement (some politicians) who supported the war movement, and didn’t attend all these rallies and demonstrations. Interestingly, in Australia many workers opposed the war (being socialist/trade union supporters) however in America; workers supported the war as they were the living representation of capitalism at work – earning money to further a private enterprise. Interestingly, there is evidence that ethnicity, or the perspective of race had an impact especially on the Negro Americans perception of the war. While Curthoys argues that the blacks saw Vietnam as “nothing more than white people sending black people to make war on yellow people in order to defend the land they stole from red people” – which, indicates a negative view on Vietnam, and therefore anti-war, an interesting theory emerges through Leslie H Fischel Jr. who claimed the Vietnam war (and the anti-war movement) ‘both stimulated and impeded the negro’s drive for equality”. He says this because Black America also suffered to the losses in Vietnam, as just like any white, they had friends, and relatives fighting, but furthermore the American dream, and its values are imbedded as strongly in any Black as it is in whites, so therefore they also feel threatened by the ideas of communism. However, the anger towards the anti-war felt by many whites was occasionally vented through racial attacks both in the military, and in the anti-war protests.
When referring to the left in regards to its impact on the anti-war experiences, it must be recognized that old ideological socialist movement of the 1920’s – 30’s, which appealed to the working class to create a revolution, is not the same as the left in regards to the 1960’s – 70’s.
One of the more significant things about the left was its characteristic of being ‘a non-communistic left’, which was put together by those disheartened by the Soviet Union’s approach to communism (i.e. Russian invasion of Czechoslovakia, and Hungary), and who were in opposition
Topics Related to Anti-War Movements
Counterculture of the 1960s, Peace, Peace movement, Anti-war movement, Pacifism, Japanese New Left, New Left, Left-wing politics
Essays Related to Anti-War Movements
Expectancies As A Predictor Of Adolescent AlcoholExpectancies As A Predictor Of Adolescent Alcohol Use INTRODUCTION This paper examines the use of an idea referred to as expectancy as a predictor of teen alcohol use. Expectancies are concepts that a society reinforces which go on to influence a person\'s behavior. Current clinical and field studies show that alcohol expectancies are reasonably accurate tools in estimating future drinking patterns. This paper sets out to determine the practical applications of this knowledge in the real classro
The Hippie Movement That Arose From Vast PoliticalThe Hippie Movement That Arose From Vast Political Changes Massive black rebellions, constant strikes, gigantic anti-war demonstrations, draft resistance, Cuba, Vietnam, Algeria, a cultural revolution of seven hundred million Chinese, occupations, red power, the rising of women, disobedience and sabotage, communes & marijuana: amongst this chaos, there was a generation of youths looking to set their own standard - to fight against the establishment, which was oppressing them, and leave their mar
Lsd And Mainstream 1960s MediaLsd And Mainstream 1960s Media Despite the negative portrayal in mainstream 1960s media, justifications expressed by counterculture activists for further investigation, education and experimentation under government control of LSD were rational and valid arguments. Sex, drugs, protests, war, political upheaval, cultural chaos, and social rebellion; the many comforts TV dinner eating, republican voting, church going, suburbia conformists tried to escape through conservative ideals, town meetings,
Chapter 41: “The Stormy Sixties”Chapter 41: “The Stormy Sixties” 1960 – 1968 I. Kennedy’s “New Frontier” Spirit 1. In 1960, young, energetic John F. Kennedy was elected to president of the United States—the youngest man ever elected to that office. 2. The 1960s would bring a sexual revolution, a civil rights revolutions, the emergence of a “youth culture,” a devastating war in Vietnam, and the beginnings of a feminist revolution. 3. JFK delivered a stirring inaugural address, and he also assembled a very young cabinet, includi
Final History ExamFinal History Exam 1.List the reasons the US got involved in World War I: The Germans ignored Wilsons calls for peace, resumed unrestricted submarine warfare, announcing that their U-boats would sink all ships in British waters - hostile or neutral - on sight. Then the German foreign minister sent a telegram, nicknamed the Zimmermann note to the German ambassador in Mexico. This telegram proposed an alliance between Mexico Germany promised that if the war with the US broke out, Germany would sup
The Deadhead PhenomenonThe Deadhead Phenomenon “If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away.” - Henry David Thoreau In 1967, Timothy Leary persuaded America’s youth to “tune in, turn on, and drop out.” Thousands of young adults literally heard the “far away music” and, to the dismay of their parents, marched away. America’s children grew their hair, burned their bras and draft cards and perma
History of CaliforniaHistory of California When the first Europeans arrived, in the early 16th century, the region of California was inhabited by a relatively sparse Indian population, scattered in many small, fairly independent groups hat lived mainly as hunter-gatherers. Among the Indian groups were the Hupa, Pomo, Wishosk, and Yuki, in the north; the Costano, Miwok, Salinan, and Yokut, in the center; the Mono and Panamint, in the east; and the Chumash, Serrano, and Diegueno, in the south. Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo,