Another World War I

How the Treaty of Versailles Effected Germany
Wen World War I ended on November 11, 1918, peace
talks went on for months due to the Allied leaders wanting to
punish the enemy and “dividing the spoils of war.” A formal
agreement to end the war was made and called the Treaty of
Versailles. The issue that took the most time were the
territorial issues because the empires of Russia,
Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman, and Germany had collapsed.
These fallen empires had to be divided up and America’s
President Woodrow Wilson, Georges Clemenceau of
France, Vittorio Orlando of Italy, and David Lloyd George
of Great Britain, were the main deciders of this deal. During
1918, Russia was knocked out of the war due to military
defeats and the Bolshevik Revolution. Even though Russia
had not been part of the Central Powers, Germany seized
much of western Russia. After many months of arguing, the
four men had made western Russia into the nations of
Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Poland. The Treaty
of Versailles was either a treaty of peace or a vengeance for
the Germans. In April of 1919, Germany was previously
captured and made to wait in a small house that was
surrounded with barbed wire. The Allied, who captured
Germany, wanted to make a peace treaty to end the fighting.
The Germans agreed, but they wanted a treaty that was
based on the Fourteen Points but obviously they were not
going to get it because of the way they were treated; the
barbed wire was unnecessary and “should have tipped them
off to what lay ahead.” When the treaty was first introduced
to the Germans, they declined to sign it. It forced the
Germans to accept full responsibility for the war and strip
themselves of its colonies, coal fields, and the provinces of
Alsace and Lorraine. It also made them pay outrageous
reparations to the Allies. Nevertheless, on June 28, 1919,
the Germans reluctantly signed the treaty because the Allies
refused to change one word. Out of the $33 billion dollars
the Germans had to pay for damages, the country was only
able to pay $4.5 billion of it. The terms of the Treaty of
Versailles helped set the stage for another world war less
than 20 years later because the Allied wanted to stop
Germany from ever becoming imperialistic again and still
have them pay the war reparations. Germany opposed these
actions and was the most effected by the terms of the
Versailles Treaty. Germany got the blunt end of the war and
was desperate to find a new leader to get out of their
depression. That leader was Adolf Hitler. World War I was
won by the Allied in which a formal agreement was made
called the Versailles Treaty. It both brought peace and war
in the coming years. Due to the harsh life styles it forced
Germany to live, World War II broke out within twenty
years time from the treaty.

Category: History