Another Trudeau

Pierre Trudeau, former Prime Minister of Canada, was once
described as "A French Canadian proud of his identity and
culture, yet a biting critic of French-Canadian society,
determined to destroy its mythology and illusions". He has
also been identified as "A staunch, upholder of provincial
autonomy holding the justice portfolio in the federal
government". Such cumulative appraisal and observation
made by past fellow bureaucrat provides high testimonial for
the ex-Democratic Socialist. This critique will establish and
dispute the prime directives that Trudeau had advocated in
his own book written during the years 1965 to 1967. The
compilation of political essays featured in his book deal with
the diverse complexities of social, cultural and economical
issues that were predominant in Canadian politics during the
mid 1960\'s. However, throughout my readings I was also
able to discover the fundamental principles that Trudeau
would advocate in order to establish a strong and productive
influence in Canadian politics. Born in 1921, Trudeau
entered the world in a bilingual/bicultural home located in the
heart of Montreal, Quebec. His acceptance into the
University of Montreal would mark the beginning of his
adventures into the Canadian political spectrum. Early in his
life, Trudeau had become somewhat anti-clerical and
possessed communist ideologies which were considered
radical at the time. Graduating from prestigious institutions
such as Harvard and The School of Economics in England,
Turdeau returned to Canada in 1949 and resumed his social
science endeavors. At this time in Quebec, the province was
experiencing tremendous cultural and political differences
with the rest of the country. The Union Nationale had taken
possession of political matters in Quebec and was steadily
dismantling the socialist essence imposed on the province by
the Federal government. The current Prime Minister,
Maurice Duplessis, found himself battling a religious
nationalist movement that corrupted the very fabric of
political stability in Quebec. The Duplessis faction maintained
their conservative approach towards political reform but
failed to sway the majority of the population into alleviating
with the demands of the Canadian government. The citizens
of Quebec revered their clerical sector as holding \'utmost
importance\' towards preserving French cultural values and
this did not correlate with the Federal government\'s policies
and ideals. Francophones were under the impression that
their own Federal government had set out to crush and
assimilate what had remained of their illustrious heritage in
order to accommodate economic and political tranquility.
Trudeau himself had decided to join the nationalist uprising
with his advocation of provincial autonomy. Ultimately, he
and other skilled social scientists attempted to bring down
the Duplessis party in 1949, but failed miserably in their
efforts. Duplessis buckled underneath the continuous
pressure of French patriotism and was rewarded for his
inept idleness by winning his fourth consecutive election in
1956. Although nothing of significance had been
accomplished, Quebec has solidified its temporary presence
in confederation at such a time. This prompted Trudeau to
involve himself in provincial diplomacy as he would engage in
several media projects that would voice his displeasure and
disapproval with the ongoing cultural predicament in Canada
(this included a syndicated newspaper firm, live radio
programs). "If, in the last analysis, we continually identify
Catholicism with conservatism and patriotism with
immobility, we will lose by default that which is in play
between all cultures...". By literally encouraging a liberal, left-
wing revolution in his province, Trudeau believed that
Democracy must come before Ideology. Gradually, his
disposition would attract many politicians and advocates of
Socialism, and thus it allowed him to radiate his ideology
onto the populace of Quebec. Trudeau makes it clear in his
book that during the early years of the Duplessis
government, he was a staunch admirer of provincial
autonomy, but with the archaic sequence of events following
the conflicts that arouse between Federal and Provincial
matters in Quebec, he had taken a stance on Federalism that
involved security, economic prosperity and centralized
authority. It wasn\'t until 1963 when the newly appointed
Premier of Quebec, Rene Levesque, warned that there must
be a new Canada within five years or Quebec will quit
confederation. It was not until 1965 that a man named Pierre
Trudeau entered politics. It is at this point in his anthology
that I was able to surmise the radical and unorthodox
political convictions that the soon-to-be Prime Minister
would incorporate into Canada. His thesis is focused around
pertinent issues which demanded attention at the time. After
he elaborates on the importance of Federalism and how it is
associated with Quebec, the reader begins to interpret the
resolutions he offers and then finds himself comprehending
the dilemma that French Canadians face in Canada. In the
wake of a constitutional referendum, such knowledge can be
viewed as ironically significant. A defender of civil rights and
freedoms, Trudeau, even as a teenager, was adamantly
opposed to supporting any