ANIMALS IN GENERAL

Finding a mate

Most animals have find ways of communicating to help find a mate. They make visual, sounds, and chemical signals. A lot of the male animals are much more colourful then the females. This is so the male can attract the female. The male may not always be colourful trough the year. He may just "colour-up" at the beginning of a mating season. According to researchers apparently there is this animal in the jungle and his way of showing that he is attracted to the female is to go up to her and pee on her.
Perfumes called pheromones are used by many animals to attract a mate. Some smells often tell a male that a female is ready to accept him.

Animals communicating

When horses great each other they they pull back there lip and show there teeth. It\'s kind of saying "hello."
Elephants often behave very affectionately towards each other. When two elephants meet they touch trunks and rub shoulders.
Chimpanzees often shake hands and touch faces to great each other. It\'s mostly mothers an babies that behave like this. Chimps also hug each other. This is a proper greeting. Chips even make different faces to tell other chimps how they feel.
When ducks meet for the first time in a pond they usually take a drink. This is a Greeting ceremony and a sign of peace.
* People have been able to talk to dolphins by using music as a common language.

Animal relationships

Some animals stay together for life. It\'s a little bit like a marriage, Geese, swans, penguins, etc. Do this. This does have its advantages. Parents don\'t have to waste their time finding new partners each year. However on the other hand animals such as polar bears & elephants split up the babies by her self. Other animals such as lions, wolves, apes from small animal groups to raise their young.


SPECIFIC ANIMALS

Elephants

Mating

A female elephant can only mate during a period of time called estrus. When she is going through estrus all the male elephants will be attracted to her and try to mate with her. Once she comes to the end of her estrus period the males completely ignore her. It is very rare for the male to stay with the female for more then four consecutive days. A tropical elephant herd is made up of between 20 or so elephants. Usually the oldest acts as a leader. The members of the herd work like a veal community. They take care of each other and stronger elephants help the weaker ones. When a herd is on the move, the adults help the babies over rough ground. They use their trunks to push and pull their babies gently around.

Monkeys

Mothers and babies share a close relationship. The mothers spent a great deal of time close to her babies. The mother supports her babies when she comes to their rescue when they show signs of distress. Researchers see that I a baby especially a girl spends a lot of time with her mother then as they grow older they still tend to stay with their mothers.
Adult males barely interact with their babies and show no special preference for their own babies. When a female monkey is ready to accept a breading partner, when her bottom gets brightly coloured and swollen.

Lions

Signals are two main types of communication. They are used at close range between members of a group. Lions have excellent sight so this is one major use for communicating. When one lion rubs one another (with his head) side or back it is a basic greeting for "hello."
Lions lick one another in several situations. One being after a meal. This is because the lion needs help cleaning off also after heavy rain they lick each other all over the body to help dry one another off.