Andrew Jackson

Like any hall of fame, its inductees are the best in whatever
they do, from baseball or football to something like being
President. If you are a member of any hall of fame (including
the one for the Presidents), it means that you have done
something special or have a certain quality about yourself
that makes you worthy to be in a hall of fame. My nominee
for the Presidents hall of Fame is our seventh President of
the United States, Andrew Jackson. I\'ll go over his
presidency, focusing on both the highs and the lows of his
two terms in office, from 1829-1837. The issues that I\'ll
focus on are states\' rights, nullification, the tariff, the spoils
system, Indian removal and banking policies; these
controversies brought forth strong rivalry over his years of
president. He was known for his iron will and fiery
personality, and strong use of the powers of his office that
made his years of presidency to be known as the "Age of
Jackson." Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in
a settlement on the border of North and South Carolina. He
was orphaned at age 14. After studying law and becoming a
member of the Bar in North Carolina later he moved to
Nashville Tennessee. Their he became a member of a
powerful political faction led by William Blount. He was
married in 1791 to Rachel Donelson Robards, and later
remarried to him due to a legal mistake in her prior divorce
in 1794. Jackson served as delegate to Tenn. in the 1796
Constitutional convention and a congressman for a year
(from 1796-97). He was elected senator in 1797, but
financial problems forced him to resign and return to
Tennessee in less than a year. Later he served as a
Tennessee superior court judge for six years starting in
1798. In 1804 he retired from the bench and moved to
Nashville and devoted time to business ventures and his
plantation. At this time his political career looked over. In
1814 Jackson was a Major General in the Tennessee Militia,
here he was ordered to march against the Creek Indians
(who were pro-British in the war of 1812). His goal was
achieved at Horseshoe Bend in March of 1814. Eventually
he forced All Indians from the area. His victory\'s impressed
some people in Washington and Jackson was put in
command of the defense of New Orleans. This show of
American strength made Americans feel proud after a war
filled with military defeats. Jackson was given the nickname
"Old Hickory", and was treated as a national hero. In 1817
he was ordered against the Seminole Indians. He pushed
them back into Spanish Florida and executed two British
subjects. Jackson instead that his actions were with approval
of the Monroe administration. His actions helped to acquire
the Florida territory, and he became a provisional governor
of Florida that same year. In 1822 the Tennessee Legislature
nominated him for president and the following year he was
elected the U.S. senate. He also nearly won the presidential
campaign of 1824 however as a result of the "corrupt
bargain" with Henry Clay. Over the next four years the
current administration built a strong political machine with
nationalistic policies and a lack of concern of states rights. In
1828 through a campaign filled with mud slinging on both
sides, Andrew Jackson became the seventh President to the
United States. Instead of the normal cabinet made up by the
president, he relied more on an informal group of newspaper
writers and northern politicians who had worked for his
election. I believe that this made him more in contact with the
people of the United States, more in contact with the public
opinion and feelings toward national issues President
Jackson developed the system of "rotation in office." This
was used to protect the American people from a
development of a long-standing political group by removing
long-term office holders. His enemies accused him of
corruption of civil service for political reasons. However, I
think that it was used to insure loyalty of the people in his
administration. States rights played an important part in
Jackson\'s policy\'s as president. In the case of the Cherokee
Indians vs. The State of Georgia, two Supreme Court
decisions in 1831 and 1832 upholding the rights of the
Cherokee nation over the State of Georgia who had wanted
to destroy Cherokee jurisdiction on it\'s land because gold
had been found on it, and the state seeing the Indians as
tenants on state land decided to "kick them out". Chief
Justice John Marshall ruled that Georgia had no jurisdiction
to interfere with the rights of the Cherokee and removal of
them would violate treaties between them and the U.S.
Government. However,