Ancient History Assessment Task












Ancient history assessment task


In this assessment task we have been asked to choose an aspect of life in Roman Britain i chose to do my assessment task on settlement types and in an essay form. I have chosen this topic because it interests me in the way that the Romans have engineered and altered what was seen to be a barbaric area. I will also be answering three questions which I have researched on as included: which factors led to change and continuity under Roman rule, what historical or archaeological problems might limit our understanding and how these problems might be overcome.


As Rome invaded Britain in Ad43 they brought with them very structured and civilised ideas on construction and settlement types. As the Roman Army invaded Britain they built a system of roads, bridges and pathways changing what was natural track ways to gravel path ways changing the landscape of Britain. As bridges were built this meant that the Roman\'s usually did take a more direct and faster course. The reasons for the Roman\'s to change the pathways into roads and build bridges was so that they could travel quicker and bring in goods and supplies for the Roman Army as well as cultivating the land into their own. The fact that the Romans had built roads and bridges meant that they were able to get around more and setup camps and settlement types the Romans planned and constructed towns changing the shape of Britain to what was now Roman Britain. Rome’s structure and architectural styles was starting to take shape as the new urban settlements grew the outgrowth and development of large private estates and villas was now changing much of the landscaping as did the newly developed shops and public buildings which where built usually close to a water source and the roads which where put into place. As Britain before hand was “uncivilised” for example huts to villas the Romans believed that they were doing the right thing by changing their lifestyle. The reason for the change was to shape and develop a stable environment under the Roman ruling. In Wessex the landscaping and architecture of sacred sites changed dramatically. The Romans changed briefly the temples to Romano –Celtic, also burial places. The reasons for the Romans to change their burial sites and temples were the Romans would be able to worship their own gods.


The Romanisation also took place in the industrial landscape including the development of mining sources. These sources where used in the development in settlements and as the roman army was now in charge the Britain’s where now working for them. In the construction industry the new materials started to be used in the building and development of areas and settlements, these new materials where; bricks, tiles, shale stone these materials where used now in stead of wattle, daub and timber. Farming of crops and other plant varieties where introduced including rye, oats, vetch and flax as well as cabbage parsnip, turnips carrots and other vegetables


Owning a Farm was a great investment because of the profit involved villas where another desirable development because of the profit involved. As a result the settlement types became profitable and population levels started to increase showing a very big change from starting off “un-civilised” to profitable and civilised men. Many factors lead to these changes but the biggest factor must have been Romanisation and the way in which the Romans built and developed their towns and farm estates and mining facilities.


There are many historical or archaeological problems that may limit our understanding of this as the