Ancient Egypt

In my report, I will discuss how the pyramids were built,
what purpose they served, the three pyramids at Giza, some
messages found on the stones that were used to build
pyramids, and what a mastabas is. Pyramids are tombs built
for Egypt\'s pharaohs. Pyramids are large structures with four
sides that are the shape of a triangle, that meet at the top to
form a point. The ancient Egyptians used the pyramids as
tombs for the pharaohs and temples for their gods. The
pyramids have one or two little temples attached to them,
which holds their relatives and servants. A few pyramids still
stand today, and are great attractions for tourists. The
pyramids were built by taking blocks of granite to the
workshop, measuring the blocks down to size, shaping the
blocks, and placing the blocks into the body of the pyramid.
The core of the structure is now completed. Then, you place
the limestone blocks on the top of the structure (they started
putting the blocks on top and then worked their way down).
They left two empty rooms to place the pharaoh and his
belongings in. They sealed the pyramids so well, it took four
hundred years for two robbers to figure out how to get in.
The pyramids were built by free citizens, drafted for public
work, not by slaves of any sort. The pyramids were built by
four thousand expert stone sculptors all year round. An extra
work group of about ninety-five thousand men worked on
the pyramids during the four month period of the inundation
(the time of enforced idleness for farmers, since the field
were covered with the Nile water flood ). The pyramids
were built between the year 1600 B.C. and the year 2700.
Many scholars believe that the reason why the pyramids
were built in a triangular form is because it has a religious
meaning to the Egyptians. The slanting side might have
reminded the Egyptians of the slanting rays of the sun, that
the pharaoh\'s soul could climb to the sky and join the gods.
In the pyramids they buried the pharaoh\'s body. There was a
chamber for the body. There was also a chamber for
treasures of gold and other priceless items for the pharaoh\'s
afterlife. Sometimes a boat is placed inside so the pharaoh
would have a way to transport himself into his afterlife. In
Pharaoh Cheopses pyramid, therewas his mummy, caskets
full of jewels, furniture inlaid with ivory and gold, silver and
alabaster bowls and vessels, chests filled with clothing and
precious ornaments, and jars filled full of food and wine.
You must think that the pyramids must have been large to
hold all of that, and as a matter of fact the base of the
pyramid covers enough area to hold ten football fields. The
three pyramids at Giza stand on the west bank of the Nile
River,outside of Cairo. They are the largest and best
preserved pyramids. The largest of the three was for
Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops). The next to largest was for
Pharaoh Khafre. The smallest (yet not small at all) was for
Pharaoh Menkaure. The first known pharaoh to have a
pyramid was Pharaoh Zoser,in the year 2650 B.C. Imhotep
built it for him. If you ever see something that looks like a
pyramid, except it\'s smaller than one, and has a flat top,
don\'t mistake it for a pyramid, it\'s a mastabas. In the
mastabas the king\'s relatives and servants are buried. Some
blocks had marks on them to show where they belonged.
Others had messages like " this side up ", " vigorous gang",
or even " how drunk the king is ". In conclusion, the
pyramids were built by free, drafted, citizens. Pyramids were
used to bury the pharaohs. The messages on the stones were
decoded. The three pyramids at the Giza were the largest,
and a mastabas is not a pyramid. BIBLIOGRAPHY
CASSON,LIONEL. ANCIENT EGYPT.
CANADA:TIME INCORPORATED,1965. NEWBY,P.H.
THE EGYPT STORY, ITS ART, ITS MONUMENTS,
ITS PEOPLE, ITS HISTORY.ITALY:ABBEVILLE
PRESS,1979 PAYNE,ELIZABETH.THE PHARAOHS
OF ANCIENT EGYPT.NEW YORK:RANDOM HOUSE
INCORPORATED,1984. "PYRAMIDS." WORLD
BOOK ENCYCLOPEDIA,1977 ??

Category: History