Analysis of the Constitution the United States


The Constitution of the United States was essentially designed in order to better the United States government. The Preamble explains the precise purpose for why the document was created. It was formulated “in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity” (A-10). There are many distinct issues that the Constitution addresses from the process by which a bill becomes a law to the role of both the President and Vice President. Essentially, the Constitution provides a foundation for our nation’s government.


In Article I, section seven of the Constitution of the United States, the process by which a bill becoming a law is discussed. It states:


All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other bills. Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States; If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections, to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by Yeas or Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law. Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of the Bill. (A-12)


The Constitution vaguely defines exactly what is incorporated in the procedure of a Bill becoming a Law. The first step in the process is the introduction of legislation or getting the bill “on the table”. In the House of Representatives, Legislation is handed to the clerk of the House or the “hopper”. The hopper is a box on the House Clerk’s desk where members deposit bills and resolutions to introduce them. In the Senate, members must gain recognition of the presiding officer to announce the introduction of a bill during the “morning hour”. The morning hour is the time set aside at the beginning of each legislative day for the consideration of regular, routine business. If any of the senators object, the introduction of the bill is postponed until the next day. The bill is then assigned a number and a label with the sponsor’s name and it is sent to the Government Printing office for copies to be made for other Representatives and Senators.


After the bill is proposed, it is than sent to a referral committee. The Speaker of the House or the presiding officer in the Senate refers the bill to the appropriate committee. Most often the House or Senate parliamentarian makes the actual referral decision. Bills may be referred to more than one committee and it may be split so that parts are sent to different committees. The speaker of the House may set time limits on committees. Bills are placed on the calendar of the committees to which they have been assigned. Failure to act on a