Anabolic Steroids


Anabolic steroids are synthetic coumpounds formulated to be like the
male sex hormone testosterone. Many athletes use anabolic steroids male and
female alike, such as body builders , weightlifters, baseball players, football
players, swimmers, and runners. They do so because they mistakenly believe that
they will gain strength and size.

In a male testosterone is released by the leydig cells in the testes.
The testosterone has two main functions androgenic and anabolic. Androgenic is
the development of male sex characteristics. Anabolic is the development of
muscle tissue.

To treat patients who suffer from a natural lack of testosterone
pharmacoligists alter one form of testosterone slightly, increasing th length of
time the drug is active. Testosterone was first isolated in 1935, soon forms of
testosterone such as dianabol, durabolin, deca-durabolin, and winstrol were
produced.

One of the main effects of anabolic steroids is to increase the number
of red blood cells and muscle tissue without producing much of the androgenic
effects of testosterone. There are only four legal uses for steroids treatment
for certain forms of cancer, pituatary dwarfism, and serious hormone
disturbances.

There are two forms of anabolic steroids those taken orally and those
injected. The immediate effects of both are mood swings of many different kinds.
In one study, physicians Ian Wilson, Arthur Prang, Jr., and Patricio Lara found
that four out of five men suffering from dippresion when given a steroid
suffered from dillusions. A research team from Great Britian Found that a
patient given steroids became dizzy, dissoriented, and incoherent. Physicians
William Layman and William Annitto have had a case of a young man who was
diagnosed as schizophrenic took steriods to help with his wieghtlifting. After
taking these drugs he suffered severe deppresion and anxiety and had trouble
sleeping.

Most people who use steroids do not have side affects this severe.
Steroids make changes in the electroencephalogram (an image of brain ellectrical
activity). Researchers believe that these changes are responsible for some of
the behavior changes in users of steroids like increased hostility and
aggressivness.

Even though there not supposed to some of the masculinizing effects of
testosterone still show on users of anabolic steroid . People who use them
sometimes develop acne, deepend voice, abnormal hair growth. Some of these side
effects can not be reveresed. Men who use steroids may become more or less
interested in sex.

The most severe effect of anabolic steroids is on the liver they call it
peliosis hepatis or blood filled cysts in the liver. If the cysts rupture they
can cause liver failure which can kill a person. After stoping the use of
steroids though these cysts may become smaller and dissapear. Steroids can also
cause cancerous tumors in the liver that can also kill they can also dissapear
if the drugs are not used anymore. Steroids are also increase the risk of
getting gallstones.

Use of steroids also effects your cardiovascular system. There are two
kinds of cholesterol in your body high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) and
low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. HDL is good for the body but LDL is very
hazardous to your health. Using steroids lowers the number of HDL in the body in
most of the users. The lowering of the amount of HDL in the body puts the person
at a higher risk of developing high blood pressure and blood-clotting problems.
Some of the physicians also think that steroids also cause abnormal fat deposits
in the body and changes the way the body processes carbohydrates.

Men who use steroids also can develop serious reproductive system
problems. Steroids lower the amount of sperm in the semen which makes conception
difficult or even impossible. A mans testes will decrease in size, and the
amount of natural testosterone and the hormones that nourish them also decrease.
In some users the prostate gland will get larger. Most of the symptoms of the
drug use goes away after the drug is not used anymore but some of them stay such
as abnormal tissue in the liver, testes, and prostate gland.

There are also serious effects that take place in women as well. besides
the masculinizing effects the steroids lower the amount of female hormones for
example estrogen and progestrogen which are essential to the function of a
womens menstrual cycle. Some women claim to stop menstruating completely.

Steroids are prohibited in any competion wether it be international or
national. Even though this is true many top athletes as well as amateur
athletes use steroids. Athletes first used drugs in compettition in 1954 when
the team physician for the world weight lifting team, John Ziegler, went with
the team to the world championships in Vienna, Austria. Ziegler then met the
Russian