ALFRED NOBEL\'S WILL

I, the undersigned, Alfred Bernhard Nobel, do hereby, after mature deliberation,
declare the following to be my last Will and Testament with respect to such
property as may be left by me at the time of my death:
To my nephews, Hjalmar and Ludvig Nobel, the sons of my brother Robert
Nobel, I bequeath the sum of Two Hundred Thousand Crowns each;
To my nephew Emanuel Nobel, the sum of Three Hundred Thousand, and to my
niece Mina Nobel, One Hundred Thousand Crowns;
To my brother Robert Nobel\'s daughters, Ingeborg and Tyra, the sum of One
Hundred Thousand Crowns each;
Miss Olga Boettger, at present staying with Mrs Brand, 10 Rue St Florentin, Paris,
will receive One Hundred Thousand Francs;
Mrs Sofie Kapy von Kapivar, whose address is known to the
Anglo-Oesterreichische Bank in Vienna, is hereby entitled to an annuity of 6000
Florins Ö.W. which is paid to her by the said Bank, and to this end I have
deposited in this Bank the amount of 150,000 Fl. in Hungarian State Bonds;
Mr Alarik Liedbeck, presently living at 26 Sturegatan, Stockholm, will receive
One Hundred Thousand Crowns;
Miss Elise Antun, presently living at 32 Rue de Lubeck, Paris, is entitled to an
annuity of Two Thousand Five Hundred Francs. In addition, Forty Eight
Thousand Francs owned by her are at present in my custody, and shall be
refunded;
Mr Alfred Hammond, Waterford, Texas, U.S.A. will receive Ten Thousand
Dollars;
The Misses Emy and Marie Winkelmann, Potsdamerstrasse, 51, Berlin, will
receive Fifty Thousand Marks each;
Mrs Gaucher, 2 bis Boulevard du Viaduc, Nimes, France will receive One
Hundred Thousand Francs;
My servants, Auguste Oswald and his wife Alphonse Tournand, employed in my
laboratory at San Remo, will each receive an annuity of One Thousand Francs;
My former servant, Joseph Girardot, 5, Place St. Laurent, Châlons sur Saône, is
entitled to an annuity of Five Hundred Francs, and my former gardener, Jean
Lecof, at present with Mrs Desoutter, receveur Curaliste, Mesnil, Aubry pour
Ecouen, S.& O., France, will receive an annuity of Three Hundred Francs;
Mr Georges Fehrenbach, 2, Rue Compiègne, Paris, is entitled to an annual
pension of Five Thousand Francs from January 1, 1896 to January 1, 1899, when
the said pension shall discontinue;
A sum of Twenty Thousand Crowns each, which has been placed in my custody,
is the property of my brother\'s children, Hjalmar, Ludvig, Ingeborg and Tyra, and
shall be repaid to them.
The whole of my remaining realizable estate shall be dealt with in the following
way: the capital, invested in safe securities by my executors, shall constitute a
fund, the interest on which shall be annually distributed in the form of prizes to
those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on
mankind. The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be
apportioned as follows: one part to the person who shall have made the most
important discovery or invention within the field of physics; one part to the
person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or
improvement; one part to the person who shall have made the most important
discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine; one part to the person
who shall have produced in the field of literature the most outstanding work of an
idealistic tendency; and one part to the person who shall have done the most or
the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of
standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses. The
prizes for physics and chemistry shall be awarded by the Swedish Academy of
Sciences; that for physiological or medical work by the Caroline Institute in
Stockholm; that for literature by the Academy in Stockholm, and that for
champions of peace by a committee of five persons to be elected by the
Norwegian Storting. It is my express wish that in awarding the prizes no
consideration whatever shall be given to the nationality of the candidates, but that
the most worthy shall receive the prize, whether he be a Scandinavian or not.
As Executors of my testamentary dispositions, I hereby appoint Mr Ragnar
Sohlman, resident at Bofors, Värmland, and Mr Rudolf Lilljequist, 31
Malmskillnadsgatan, Stockholm, and at Bengtsfors near Uddevalla. To
compensate for their pains and attention, I grant to Mr Ragnar Sohlman, who will
presumably have to devote most time to this matter, One Hundred Thousand
Crowns, and to Mr Rudolf Lilljequist, Fifty Thousand Crowns;
At the present time, my property consists