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By: Colin Woodard
Yankeedom was founded on the shores of Massachusetts Bay by radical Calvinists as a new Zion. New Netherland had a lasting impact on the continent's development by laying down the cultural DNA for what is now Greater New York City. The Midlands was the most "American" of the nations, founded by English Quakers. Tidewater was the most powerful nation during the colonial period and the Early Republic. Greater Appalachia was founded in the early eighteenth century by wave upon wave of rough, bellicose settlers from the war-ravaged borderlands of Northern Ireland, northern England, and the Scottish lowlands. The Deep South was founded by Barbados slave lords as a West Indies-style slave society. New France is the most overtly nationalistic of the nations, founded in the early 1600s. El Norte is the oldest of the Euro-American nations, dating back to the late sixteenth century, when the Spanish empire founded Monterrey, Saltillo, and other northern outposts. The Left Coast was a Chile-shaped nation pinned between the Pacific and the Cascade and Coast mountain ranges. It extends in a strip from Monterey, California, to Juneau, Alaska, including four decidedly progressive metropolises: San Francisco, Portland, Seattle, and Vancouver. The Far West is the only one where environmental factors truly trumped ethnic ones. First Nation encompasses a vast region with a hostile climate: the boreal forests, tundra and glaciers of the far north.
The Doctrine of First Effective Settlement was created by Wilbur Zelinsky of Penns and means when a territory is empty and is then taken over as a new settlement the original characteristics become a significant part of the new society and there social and cultural geography of the area.
Chapter 1: Founding El Norte
3. Europeans have been living in the Americas as early as 1492.
Most of the Native Americans lived in five-story abode housing blocks with basements and balconies surrounding spacious market plazas. Tenochtitlan had a population of 200,000. There was a public water supply fed by stone aqueducts, and palaces and temples that dwarfed anything in Spain.
Spain's desire to stamp out Protestantism relate to El Norte first, by spearheading the effort to snuff out the Protestant Reformation, the Spanish had earned the lasting hatred of the English, Scots, and Dutch, who regarded them as the decadent, unthinking tools of the Vatican's conspiracy to enslave the world. Second, the effort to stamp out Europe's Protestants consumed so much of the Spanish Empire's focus, energy, and resources that it was left incapable of properly supporting the northward expansion of its American empire. Third, by the time the Spanish reached El Norte, the empire's religion mission had become the key element of its colonial policy. The plan was to assimilate the Native Americans into Spanish culture by converting them to Catholicism and supervising their faith, work, dress, and conduct in special settlements governed by priests. The mestizos were Aztec wives or otherwise begat mixed Indian-Spanish children.
El Norte had no self-government, no elections, and no possibility for local people to play any significant role in politics. Provincial military commanders usually served as governors and ruled without any democratic niceties like governing councils or legislatures.
Chapter 2: Founding New France
7. The sieur de Mons saw New France as a feudal society like that of rural France. There would be no democracy and equality, they would follow medieval hierarchy with counts, viscounts, and barons ruling over common people and servants. While de Mon's vision was more feudal, Champlain's vision was more radical for New France. Champlain believed that the society should coexist in a friendly, peaceful alliance with Native American nations. He wanted New France to embrace the Native Americans instead of enslaving or driving them away ("Champlain's Dream"). The French quickly adopted the Indian territory "Mi'Kmaq" festival as it was vey entertaining. Then they sent three of their own teenagers to live with the Indians so they could learn their language and culture (learned to make birch bark canoes, track moose, and more quietly through forests). Also adopted corn production, snowshoes and various canoes.
8. I think having almost a whole population of males in New France could be beneficial in terms of working for this new settlement. However,
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