Alexander the Great


In 356 B.C. in Pella, Macedonia, future Greek leader Alexander (now known as Alexander the Great) was born. Alexander’s father Philip II was king of Macedonia. Macedonians admired Greek culture, but not as much as King Philip II and Alexander.





As a child, Alexander was taught about the Greek ways by a famous Athenian philosopher. After the death of his father, in 336 B.C., (at age 20) Alexander was crowned king of Macedonia. What he wanted most was to spread the Greek legacy.





As a general Alexander never lost a battle. During Alexander’s conquests, he built an immense empire, conquering Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, Babylonia, and Persia. Across the empire, Alexander created 70 cities named Alexandria.





One Alexandria though-built in the Nile Delta-was exceptional. It contained the world’s first museums and libraries. The Alexandria of Egypt attracted scholars, sailors, and merchants.





Alexander began to blend together many cultures of the Middle East as well as Greek culture. He now worshiped Persian and gods and goddesses. By adopting their ways, Alexander gained the support of other cultures.





After living a successful life, Alexander the Great died a wealthy 33 year old man, in 323 B.C.