Alcohol


Alcohol is a widely used substance for both science and in technology.
Its name comes from an Arabic word al-kuhl meaning " a powder for painting the
eyes". The term was later applied to all compounds that contain alcoholic
spirits.

To most people alcohol is considerd a downer that reduces activity in
the nervous system. Some of the things alcohol effects you is, the alcohol
intoxicated person exhibits lose muscle tone, loss of fine moter
coordination,and often has a staggering "drunken" gait. The eyes may appear
somewhat "glossy" and pupils may be slow to respond to stimulus. At high doses
pupils may become constricted. At intoxing doses, alcohol can decrease heart
rate, lower blood pressure and respiration rate, and result in decreased reflex
and slower reaction times. Skin may be cool to touch but to the user may feel
warm or normal, profuse sweating may accompany alcohol use. Loose muscle tone,
lose of fine motor coordination,odor of alcohol on the breath,and a stagging
"drunken"gait.

The effects of alcohol intoxication are greatly influenced by individual
variations among users. Some users may become intoxicated at a much lower Blood
Alcohol Concentration (BAC) level that I am about to show you. Along with
drinking their are different levels to it:

0.02-0.03 BAC: No loss of coorination,slight euphoria and loss of shyness.
Depressant effects are not apparent. 0.04-0.06 BAC: Feeling of well-being,
relaxation, lower inhibitions, sensation of warmth. Some minor impairment of
reasoning and memory, lowering of caution. 0.07-0.09 BAC: Slight impairment of
balance, speech, vision, reaction time, and hearing. Judgement and self-control
are reduced, and caution, reason and memory are impaired. 0.10-1.125 BAC:
Signficant impairment of moter coordination and loss of good judgement. Speech
may be slurred; balance, vision,reaction time and hearing will be impaired. (It
is illegal to operate a motor vehicle at this level of intoxication.) 0.13-0.15
BAC: Gross motor impairment and lack of physical control. BLurred vision and
major loss of balance. Euphoria is reduced and dysphoria beginning to appear.
0.16-0.20 BAC: Dysphoria (anxiety,restlessness) predominates, nausea may appear.
The drinker has the appearance of a "sloppy drunk." 0.25 BAC: Needs assistance
in walking; total mental confusion. Dysphoia with nausea and some vomiting. 0.30
BAC: Loss of consciousness. 0.40 BAC and up: Onset of coma,possible death due to
respiratory arrest.

WHAT IS CONSIDERED A DRINK:

A drink that contains a half-ounce of alcohol or more. The amount you
would problibly find in a 12 ounce can of beer, 4 ounce glass of table wine, 1
ounce shot of 100% destilled spirits such as whiskey or vodka. Generally this is
the amount of alcohol a person can metabolize in about an hour. But of course
it also depends on other stuff.

The way to see the amount of alcohol in someone is the Blood Alcohol
Content. The Blood Alcohol Content is measured in milligrams percent. For
example, a BAC of 10 means that one-tenth of 1% of your total blood content is
alcohol.This means that a BAC of 0.5 and below may give you a little buzz;a BAC
of .50 or greater may cause death.

Blood Alcohol Content depends on two things size,the bigger you are the
more blood you have to delute the alcohol, and it also depends on how fast you
drink it, the faster you drink the more your BAC goes up because your body
doesn\'t have as long to delute the alcohol.

BINGE DRINKING

Drinking a lot of something at one time is not really good for your
system, no matter what it is. Bringe drinking is drinking to get drunk, it is
what a lot of college people do. Drinking at least five drinks all in one
sitting. When they do this the side effects become more serious: vomiting,
dizziness, impaired mental capabilities,and hangovers. Those are only short
term reactions, others things that binge drinking influence are: athletic
performence, poor grades, sexual assault, fights, accidents, drinking and
driving, and other health risks. If you think that not a lot of people do this ,
it is about 50% of collage men and 37% of collage women are classified as binge
drinkers. A recent study show that studnts spend about $5.5 billion dollare on
alcohol each year. That is more than they spend on soda pop, tea, milk, juice,
coffee, and books combined.

Some of the things that go along with drink are you are more open to
getting diseases like sexually transmitted deseases, cancer and a lot more. But
one that a lot die from is alcohol poisoning.

Most people think that you cant overdose on alcohol, but you can. Binge
drinking may result in an overdose of alcohol, or alcohol poisoning. Alcohol
poisoning is a medical