Albert Einstein

This German born physicist is considered one of the world\'s greatest thinkers in history. Not only did he shape the way people think of time, space, matter, energy, and gravity but he also was a supporter of Zionism and peaceful living.

Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm Germany, and spent most of his youth living in Munich, where his family owned a small electric machinery shop. He attended school in Munich, which he found unimaginative and dull. In addition to this he taught himself Euclidean geometry at the age of 12. Later his family was forced to move to Milan, Italy where he then decided to withdraw from school at the age of 15. Eventually he realized that he had to finish secondary school, which he took in Arrau, Switzerland. On the other hand he still often skipped class to study physics on his own.

At age 22 he became a Swiss citizen and in 1903 married a women named Mileva Marec, whom which he had two sons with but nonetheless latter divorced as to marry his cousin in 1919. On the other hand he did publish five major research papers at the age of 26. The first one getting him his doctorate in 1905.

The first paper was on Brownian motion, which is a zigzag motion of microscopic particles in suspension. He suggested that the movement was the result of the random motion of molecules of the suspension medium as they rebound off suspended particles. The second paper laid the base of the photon, or quantum theory of light. It said that light is made off separate packets of energy, titled quanta or photons. The paper remade the theory of light. Also explaining the emissions of electrons from some solid objects when they are struck by light. Televisions are practical applications of Einstein\'s discoveries. The third paper, which he began as an essay at age 16, contained the "special theory of relativity." He showed that time and motions are relative to the observer; if the speed of light is constant and natural laws are the same everywhere in the universe. The fourth was a mathematical addition to the special theory of relativity. This is where he presents his famous E=mc², also known as the energy mass equivalence. Compton\'s Interactive Encyclopedia translates it as "(E) inherent in mass (m) equals the mass multiplied by the velocity of light squared (c²)."His fifth paper was his general theory of relativity. In which he proposed that gravity is not a force, a previously accepted theory but it\'s a curved field in the space-time continuum created in the presence of mass.

In 1921 Einstein won the Nobel Prize for physics for the confirmation of his general theory of relativity although the other papers where still considered controversial. In 1933 he moved to the U.S.A where he became a citizen in 1940. Einstein died in Princeton, NJ, on April 18, 1955. But the knowledge he passed still caries through tomorrow.