AIDS and You: The Lethal Relation

George Stamatopoulos
Mrs. Polychronopoulou
English 110
19 February, 1997

We know enough about how the infection is transmitted to protect ourselves from
it without resorting to such extremes as mandatory testing, enforced quarantine
or total celibacy. But too few people are heeding the AIDS message. Perhaps many
simply don't like or want to believe what they hear, preferring to think that
AIDS "can't happen to them." Experts repeatedly remind us that infective agents
do not discriminate, but can infect any and everyone. Like other communicable
diseases, AIDS can strike anyone. It is not necessarily confined to a few high-
risk groups. We must all protect ourselves from this infection and teach our
children about it in time to take effective precautions. Given the right
measures, no one need get AIDS.

AIDS is a life and death issue. To have the AIDS disease is at present a
sentence of slow but inevitable death. I've already lost one friend from
AIDS. I may soon lose others. My own sexual behavior and that of many of
my friends has been profoundly altered by it. In U.S.A. one man in10 may
already be carrying the AIDS virus. While the figures may currently be less in
much of the rest of the country, this is changing rapidly. There currently is
neither a cure, nor even an effective treatment, and no vaccine either. But
there are things that have been PROVEN immensely effective in slowing the spread
of this hideously lethal disease.

AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Defficiency Disease. It is caused by a virus.

The disease originated somewhere in Africa about 20 years ago. There it first
appeared as a mysterious ailment afflicting primarily heterosexuals of both
sexes. It probably was spread especially fast by primarily female prostitutes
there. AIDS has already become a crisis of STAGGERING proportions in parts
of Africa. In Zaire, it is estimated that over twenty percent of the adults
currently carry the virus. That figure is increasing. And what occurred there
will, if no cure is found, most likely occur here among heterosexual folks.
AIDS was first seen as a disease of gay males in the world. This was a result
of the fact that gay males in our culture internationally, in the days before
AIDS had an average of 200 to 400 new sexual contacts per year. This figure was
much higher than common practice among heterosexual (straight) men or women.
For these reasons, the disease spread in the gay male population immensely more
quickly than in other populations. It became to be thought of as a "gay
disease". Because the disease is spread primarily by exposure of ones blood
to infected blood or semen, drug addicts who shared needles also soon were
identified as an affected group. As the AIDS epidemic began affect
increasingly large fractions of those two populations (gay males and drug
abusers), many of the rest of this society looked on smugly, for both
populations tended to espied by the "mainstream" of society here.

But AIDS is also spread by heterosexual sex. In addition, it is spread by blood
transfusions. New born babies can acquire the disease from infected mothers
during pregnancy. Gradually more and more "mainstream" folks got the disease.
Finally, even the national news media began to join in the task of educating the
public to the notion that AIDS can affect everyone.

The best way to avoid AIDS is to regard it as a highly lethal disease and
practice commonsense prevention. Avoiding infection is IN ONE'S OWN HANDS.
People can protect themselves. To stop its spread, people are encouraged to
obtain and apply accurate AIDS information to their living styles and sexual
habits in order to reduce the risk of getting or transmitting the virus. Sadly,
health promoters claim that "reaching the many who don't want to know" is no
easy task. Health promoters suggest that educators must learn how and when to
communicate AIDS information-in the right way at "teachable" moments. Many
Public Health Departments are now taking the lead in disseminating education
about AIDS with large-scale public awareness programs

For those who would have sexual activity, the safest approach in this age of
AIDS is monogamous sex. Specifically, both parties in a couple must commit
themselves to not having sex with anyone else. At that time they should take
AIDS antibody tests. If the tests are negative for both, they must practice
safe sex until both members of the couple have been greater than six months
since sexual contact with anyone else. At that time the AIDS blood test is
repeated. If both tests