Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action

Discrimination has always been a major issue in society. To address this
issue certain rights were established like the Title VII of the 1964 Civil
Rights Act. Title VII states it shall be an unlawful employment practice for an
employer- 1 to fail or refuse to hire or to discharge any individual, or
otherwise to discriminate against any individual with respect to his
compensation, terms conditions, or privileges of employment, because of such
individualís race, color, religion, sex or national origin or 2 to limit,
segregate, or classify his employees or applicants for employment opportunities
or otherwise adversely affect his status as an employee, because of such
individualís race, color, religion, sex , or national origin.

After the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, employers attempted to
eliminate sources of discrimination but companies didnít always succeed in
increasing advancement opportunities. Because of this, many companies and
organizations created affirmative actions plans to address the issue. Some plans
were created to fulfill the requirements established by law and other plans went
beyond what the law required. Affirmative action can be defined as the use of
policy to correct discriminatory problems that exist, or may develop.
Affirmative action has been the subject of increasing debate in society.

Advocates of affirmative action argue that special programs are required as a
matter of ďsimple justice.Ē Preferential treatment to certain groups is need
as a type of compensation for the injustice discrimination against them
personally or against other members of a group to which they belong. Opponents
of affirmative action state that not all affirmative action plans are justified
by compensation argument because the individuals who are given preferential
treatment are often not the same as those who are victims of discrimination. A
person may be a member of a disadvantaged group and be free of the effects of
discrimination. Defenders of affirmative action respond that racial and sexual
discrimination affects all members of that group to some degree no matter how
much society has changed. Opponents of affirmative action state that
compensation punishes individuals who are not themselves guilty of acts of

In todayís society everyone should have the right to equal opportunity.
Supporters of affirmative action believe that providing preferential treatment
will create equal opportunity for all. Opponents of affirmative action believe
that providing preferential treatment to certain groups cause reverse
discrimination which elements equal opportunity for all.

Affirmative action plans were the first start to a noble cause to help
others. When affirmative action plans were first established it allowed a
greater pool of people for employer to choose from which didnít exist in the
past. But, affirmative action plans require employer to hire certain number
people from certain ethnic groups. The problem is not hiring a variety of people
from different ethnic groups. The problem begins when a person who is best
qualified for a job, loses the position to someone less qualified.

People against affirmative action believe that not only does it hurt white
males it\'s also causes problems among the protected classes that itís supposed
to be helping.

Many people feel that it is an insult that the government thinks they need
special help to compete in the job market. To them acceptances to special
treatment is an admittance of inferiority. Others would be extremely offended if
this help was taken away from them. They think without affirmative action they
wouldnít be able to get the job. People who oppose affirmative action believe
that some minorities use it as a crutch, which produce less qualified candidates
in job market.

Ethically is affirmative action the right decision for attempting to element
discrimination? When answering this question you really need to take the
integrated approach because discrimination has been major issue for so long itís
import review all areas, the economical, legal, and moral. Affirmative action
plans and quotas have direct and indirect costs of imposing them and complying
with and the costs are not cheap. The money that was used for affirmative action
plans and quotas could have gone to the economy. Affirmative actions hurts
everyone by hurting the economy. Legally itís required by law to treat
everyone equally, affirmative action plans were created to assist in this
process but some plans go beyond what is required by the law. So is that
illegal? Morally affirmative action plans were created to right the wrongs of
the past. But is it right to be unfair to individuals that were not even born
when discrimination was allowed. Morally everyone should be treated equally.

After reviewing the integrated approach to ethical decision-making Iím
against affirmative action. I feel it hurts the economy because it only benefits