ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder)


Predominantly Inattentiveness


Introduction to Special Education


Notes:



o Even though the scientific term is ADHD there are some that refers to it as ADD with the different subtypes.

o ADHD predominantly inattentiveness is still known by many people as ADD, even though that is not the right term.

o In places where ADHD is mentioned alone in the paper, the research is about ADHD as a whole.



Introduction


Most of us have heard of the term Attention Deficit Hyperactive disorder, better know as ADHD. Many of us have also had dealings with ADHD. However, did you know that there are six subtypes of this condition? The most common type of ADHD is ADHD hyperactive and inattentiveness or ADHD combined, which most people know as just ADHD. However, scientifically just ADHD is not the right term anymore. There is also ADHD predominantly hyperactive. Then there is the term, ADHD predominantly inattentiveness which most people know as ADD. These three most common subtypes of ADHD do overlap but there are distinct differences, and I am going to focus my research on ADHD predominantly inattentiveness, because it is less common than the other two conditions, and it is harder to detect.





Characteristics of ADHD Predominantly Inattentiveness and How It Can Affect the Student’s Learning





A parent is worried about her child; a teacher is worried about his student. Why are they worried? Is the child a troublemaker at school? Is the child a troublemaker at home? No. Then what is the problem? The child has failing grades in school. The child doesn’t qualify for Special Education for one reason or another. Tutoring is not helping. The child just isn’t getting it! He/she likes to daydream. Why, she seems intelligent enough? What could be wrong? Could it be that the child has ADHD predominantly inattentiveness? ADHD predominantly inattentiveness “has been recognized as a disorder since 1944” (Solanto p. 1). Well, what are the characteristics we should look for in a child who is thought to possibly ADHD Predominantly Inattentiveness?


There are several characteristics that parents should look for. They are listed below.



o These children might fail to pay close attention to details or make careless mistakes in schoolwork, or other activities.

o They have difficulty sustaining attention to tasks or leisure activities.
o They do not seem to listen when spoken to directly.
o They do not follow through on instructions and fail to finish schoolwork or chores.

o They have difficulty organizing tasks and activities.
o They avoid, dislike, or are reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort.

o They can lose things necessary for tasks or activities.
o They are easily distracted by extraneous stimuli.
o They are forgetful in daily activities (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-How it’s diagnosed, p. 1).
According to my research, there are many characteristics that parents and educators should look for to assume that their child or student might have ADHD predominantly inattentiveness. However, these characteristics are not set in stone. If a child hasn’t been portraying these characteristics before age seven, then most likely there is another problem going on. Some of these problems might be more serious like schizophrenia, or there might be problems at home, or with friends. “It could be confused with internalized and over focused behaviors seen in children with a compulsive or pervasive developmental disorder. It might be because the child has a learning or language disorder. Maybe, for many reasons, the child is depressed or anxious and cannot concentrate. (Baldwin 1 – 2). As can be seen here, there could be a number of things causing the trouble. The only way that a parent or educator can be sure if a child has this disorder is to have him/her checked out by a health professional.


How is ADHD Predominantly Inattentiveness Diagnosed


and What Causes ADHD





To diagnose a student with ADHD, the professional has to look at how long the child has been portraying at least six of the nine characteristics listed in the last section. These characteristics have to at least have been present for six months “to a degree that is a problem and inconsistent with their developmental level” (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-How it’s diagnosed, p. 1). Not only do these characteristics have to be