Abortion


During the past quarter century, abortion has joined race and war as one of
the most debatable subject of controversy in the United States. It discusses
human interaction where ethics, emotions and law come together. Abortion poses a
moral, social and medical dilemma that faces many individuals to create a
emotional and violent atmosphere. There are many points of view toward abortion
but the only two fine distinctions are "pro-choice" and "pro-life". A pro-
choicer would feel that the decision to abort a pregnancy is that of the mothers
and the state has no right to interfere. A pro-lifer would hold that from the
moment of conception, the embryo or fetus is alive. This life imposes on us a
moral obligation to preserve it and that abortion is tantamount to murder
(Kolner 5).

In the United States about 1.6 million pregnancies end in abortion. Women
with incomes under eleven thousand are over three times more likely to abort
than those with incomes above twenty-five thousand. Unmarried women are four to
five times more likely to abort than married and the abortion rate has doubled
for 18 and 19 year olds. Recently the U.S. rate dropped 6 percent overall but
the rate of abortion among girls younger than 15 jumped 18 percent. The rate
among minority teens climbed from 186 per 1,000 to 189 per 1,000.

The most popular procedure involved in abortions is the vacuum aspiration
which is done during the first trimester (three months or less since the women
has become pregnant). A tube is simply inserted through the cervix and the
contents of the uterus are vacuumed out. The most commonly used type of second
trimester abortion is called dilation and evacuation. Since the fetus has bones,
bulk and can move, second trimester is not as simple. When as much of the fetus
and placenta are vacuumed out then tweezers are used to remove larger parts.
After this, or the beginning of the fifth month abortion is serious and actually
induced as childbirth. That is, the mother is given substances which puts her
into labor and delivers the fetus as she would a full-term baby. About 40
percent of Americans believe that abortion should remain legal and 40 percent
believe it should be banned except when the pregnancy threatens the life of the
mother or is the result of rape or incest. Also 15 percent b eveit should be
illegal in all cases. Although abortion is regarded as a women\'s right, it
should be banned with exceptions because it\'s considered murder, has many
psychological side effects and there is an alternative.

Abortion is a women\'s own right and choice. In 1973 the Roe v. Wade decision
proved this by recognizing abortion as a fundamental constitution right and made
it legal in all states. The law now permits abortion at the request of the women
without any restrictions in the first trimester and some restrictions in the
second trimester to protect the women\'s health. The National Abortion Right Act
League argues that without legal abortion women would be denied their
constitutional right of privacy and liberty. The women\'s right to her own body
subordinates those of the fetus and the U.S. Supreme Court in Roe v. Wade argued
that the women\'s "right to privacy" overruled the fetus\'s right to life. If
abortion was illegal it would force poor women to bear and raise children they
can\'t afford to bring up. There would be a number of unsafe abortions in back
allies. It would also force women to give up their dreams and stay home to
bring up babies. Worst of all, it would condemn victims o apeand incest to carry
and nurture the offspring of their rapist.(Kolner 5) Abortion is necessary for
women to have control over their own bodies and life. One activist said, "If I
hadn\'t had that abortion my life would have been a disaster. I wouldn\'t have
made it to medical school. I was married at that point to a very ill man and it
would have been terrible to have to have my baby. People who need abortions are
in some kind of turmoil and it\'s really a life-saving thing."(Blender 4) To
ignore the rights of others is selfish and injustice. Women must have the right
to control the functions of their own bodies. Revern George Gardiner pastor of
the college Hill United Methodist Church, told the council that the ordnance
would have done little good. "Young women need the freedom to make choices for
their reproductive life when their family can\'t guarantee them parental
support."(Lynn B6-7) Women