Reality Based Programming “By crossing into a space whose curvature is no longer that of the real, nor that of truth, the era of simulation of inaugurated by a liquidation of all referentials-worse: with their artificial resurrection in the systems of signs, a material more malleable than meaning, in that it lends itself to all systems of equivalences . . . It is no longer a question of imitation, nor duplication, nor even parody. It is a question of substituting the signs of the real for the re
“THE SHINTO WAY” Shinto (the way of the gods) is the indigenous faith of the Japanese people, and it is as old as the Japanese people. Until the end of World War II, it was closely aligned with State Shinto. The Emperor of Japan was worshipped as a living God. Shinto does not have a founder nor does it have sacred scriptures like the sutras or the bible. Many texts are valued in the Shinto religion. Most date from the 8th century EC. Propaganda and preaching is not common either, because Shinto
The English Revolution The main causes of the English Revolution of 1688-89 were results of King James II breaking laws. By keeping a standing army after Monmouth’s Revolution, appointing Roman Catholics to political and military positions despite the test acts which did not allow Roman Catholics to hold political positions and trying to illegally remove Protestant bishops. The disputes between parliament and the Kind started in 1685 at the beginning of James II’s short reign. In 1686 Monmouth a
Creation Chris Busman Period 2 9/20/98 There is a tremendous amount of religion encompassing the world we live in today. Everyone, no matter what they say, is looking for something. A reason why this world exists, what we are all doing here, inner peace maybe? This searching for answers breeds alternate religions, philosophies and beliefs of all types. It’s important to educate ourselves on other religions so that we as Christians can effectively witness to all of the lost people in the world. T
China China has many different types of people who follow different types of religions and philosophies. The Chinese population is approximately 92 percent ethnic Han Chinese. The 8 percent minority population is settled over nearly 60 percent of China’s area. This gives the non-Han peoples of China a significance that looms larger than their percentage of the population might suggest. China has a long and rich cultural tradition in which education has played a major role. Throughout the imperia
Religions The Middle East is the cradle of 3 of the world’s great religions: Judaism Christianity, and Islam. Judaism is the oldest of the 3 religions. According to Jewish tradition the Jews were enslaved in Egypt and freed by Moses about 4000 years ago. Centuries later, Israel became a province of the Roman Empire. When the Jews rebelled against the Roman rulers, Jerusalem was destroyed and the Jews were forced to go into exile. They were scattered around Europe, Africa, and Asia. This dispersi
ACCOUNTS TAKEN FOR RELIGION DEFINITION Religion has always been a big part of what makes humanity what it is. Even since early times man has had some form of a greater being to look toward for answers. Within different cultures since the start of civilized man, historians have found types of deities in the majority studied. There are many issues that must be taken into account in order to answer what the definition of religion is. First I must decided how others have taken into account when defi
Merry Meet Friend! This is an essay on Basic Wiccan Philosophy. It explains most of our ethics and some history to boot. This should help you understand Wicca more, I hope. OK, for starters, Wicca is the revival movement of an ancient European religion dating back as much as 25,000 years BCE (before common era). The word Wicca derives from the ancient English term, wicce, which literally means "wise one". In ancient times, witches held great authority with their villages, and people came to them
Cloning The cloning of humans may soon be a reality. The recent announcement of a sheep and calf cloned using this technique has sparked much controversy in the modern world. The ethical, legal, and moral aspects of cloning must be addressed by governments quickly and its implications must be taken into careful consideration for the future of mankind in general. On February 23, 1997, Ian Wilmut, a Scottish scientist, and his colleagues at the Roslin Institute announced the successful cloning of
Shindler\'s List The story line of the movie is Oskar Shindler comes in as a broke man, and starts a metal factory. He makes allot of money, but at first that\'s all he was in it for. After seeing hundreds a Jews being killed, or murdered he started to feel sorry for them. Oskar made a list of around 1,100 people and buys them to work for him so they don\'t get tortchered or murdered. He went broke from buying all the Jews. The war ends and Oskar says good by to all the people he saved because h
Judaism Intro to Billy webber Assignment #1 Jewish history is divided into different periods, as suggested in the study guide (p. 1), for ease of studying it. This subject is quite unfamiliar with me, but based on the two readings assigned, it appears that its possible that each author or scholar may divide this history differently. But the reasons are probably the same and that is to separate this complex "religious system" (Way of Torah, p. 8) into periods to study it more clearly. Since "rare
King Henry VIII\'s Initiation of the Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation, which arose in the sixteenth century, is today known as the religious revolution that ended the ecclesiastical supremacy of the pope throughout Western Europe. The Protestant Reformation also inevitably brought about changes to Western Europe\'s way of life. The Reformation drastically altered Western Europe\'s political, economical, and cultural elements as the revolution came to a high when King Henry VIII
Chile Chile is a republic in southwestern South America, bounded on the north by Peru, on the east by Bolivia and Argentina, and on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. It has an extreme northern-southern length of about 2650 mi, but its average width is less than 110 mi, making it the longest island. Archipelagoes extend along the southern Chilean coast from Chiloé Island to Cape Horn, the southernmost point of the South American continent. Among these are the Chonos Archipelago, Wellington
Hinduism Hinduism is referred to as the eternal faith, or Sanatana Dharma according to Navaratna S. Rajaram of Hinduism today. It is based on the practice of Dharma, the code of life. On of the primary beliefs in Hinduism is seeing the essential truth in all religions, or sarva dharma samatva. Hiduism is more than a religion. It is a way life for true believers worldwide. Although the majority of Hindu people reside in India, there is a growing number of Hindu people here in the United States. H
A Time of Change The enlightenment was a great time of change in both Europe and America. Some of the biggest changes, however, happened in the minds of many and in the writings of many philosophers. These included some of the beliefs of David Hume, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, and Francois Voltaire. Writers during this time focused on optimism, which is the opinion to do everything for the best (Chaney 119), and the best for these philosophers was to stretch the minds of the ordinary.
Human Cloning Biological Aspects True human cloning involves taking a somatic cell from a person and removing its nucleus. Then the nucleus of a fertilized egg cell is removed and placed in the somatic cell. This is impossible in humans right now because the somatic cells are specialized and there are many genes that have been switched off in them that we do not know how to turn them back on. This was done with frogs however. The eggs were implanted with the nuclei from the intestinal lining of
Future Involvement in Foreign Affairs Since the United States is one of the last remaining super powers of the world, we have the obligation to maintain and support good relations with the smaller and weaker nations throughout the world. We should take full advantage of this authority in several different ways. First the U.S. must focus on investing and trading with those nations who have yet to become economic powers; second, we must implement a consistent foreign policy towards the Middle East
Laws and Regulations Membership in society must be voluntary. Otherwise, the individual is justified in resisting any rules and regulations placed on him. So there must be a basic agreement that we are all willing to agree to. In the past people have agreed to be members of society for any number of reasons...good and bad. But today, we have reached a point in evolution where we must question the rational behind our engagement in this social contract. We must recognize the obligations and rights
The Affects of the Holocaust The Holocaust was a tragic point in history which many people believe never happened. Others who survived it thought it should never have been. Not only did this affect the people who lived through it, it also affected everyone who was connected to those fortunate individuals who survived. The survivors were lucky to have made it but there are times when their memories and flashbacks have made them wish they were the ones who died instead of living with the horrible
Christian Prayer: A Way of Knowing What is prayer? A book titled Healing Words, written by Larry Dossey, M.D. states that “Prayer” comes from the Latin precarius, “obtained by begging”, and precari, “to entreat”—to ask earnestly, beseech, implore. This suggests two of the commonest forms of prayer—petition, asking something for one’s self, and intercession, asking something for others. There are also prayers of confession, the repentance of wrongdoing and the asking of forgiveness; lamentation,
Political Morality in Colonial Times In Webster\'s dictionary, morality is defined as "principles of right and wrong in conduct; ethics." The principles of morality have countless times evolved over the ages. In earlier times, death was an easy penalty for many crimes. These crimes today are considered minor and are penalized with a slap on the hand. Is this considered wrong? Who is the correct authority to consult on what is right or wrong? In today\'s society, two major factors concern how the
The Berlin Conference Culturally, Africans are perhaps the most diverse of any continent\'s inhabitants, with thousands of ethnic groups and more than 1000 different languages. With groups that often cross national boundaries and continual political upheavals, African national identity is not as strong as racial ties or local kin group meetings. Black Africans make up the majority of the continent\'s population, but there are also large populations of Arabs, Asians, Europeans and Berbers. Commun
El Greco El Greco was born 1541 and died 1614 in Toledo at age 73. He was named at birth Domeniko\'s TheotoKopoulos. He was Born in Candia, the capital of the island of Crete, off the coast of Greece. Nothing is certain is known of the first twenty five years of El Greco\'s life, except that he lived on Crete and became a painter. It is thought from later events in his life that El Greco recieved a sound education in letters. He came from a family of middle or upper classes, which could afford t
My Two Dads Table of Contents Topic Rational pp. 2 Internet Resources pp. 4 Abstracts pp. Topic Rationale The reason I chose homosexuality as a topic is because it is queer to me. What I do not understand is what would drive people to this way of life. As far as I can tell, people had weird lives when they were younger. Maybe they were dropped on their heads as babies. Maybe they were abused as children, be it emotionally, sexually, mentally, verbally, physically, socially, politically, economic
The Importance of SOMA "…I will pick up the earth, and put it here or put it there. Have I been drinking Soma?" What is this Soma, which leads people to believe that they can move the earth? Since the earliest of times there has been a reference to Soma in the literary texts of Hinduism. A.L. Basham, in his book, The Origins and Development of Classical Hinduism, categorizes Soma as "…the vague personification of a plant from which a potent beverage is made." From this definition, we can only in
Confucius, Harmmuabi, and the Book of the Dead here ya go...have fun History Compare and Contrast the writings of Confucius, Hammurabi, and the book of the dead Three of the most famous writings from ancient civilizations are the writings of Confucius, Hammurabi\'s code of laws, and Egypt\'s Book of the Dead. At first, they seem very different, they\'re from different times, regions, and religions, but they all offer a peek into what values ancient people considered important. One of the values
The Apostle Peter The Apostle Peter, often known as Saint Peter, was the most prominent disciple of Jesus Christ. During his life, he followed Christ with very much devotion, and truly believed in his mission and purpose. Because of his devotion, he was chosen by Jesus to become the first Pope, and to take control of the Christian church. Peter was the son of Jona and he had a younger brother called Andrew, who first brought him to Jesus. His native town was Bethsaida, on the western coast of th
THE LIFE OF NAPOLEON BONAPARTE This essay will illustrate why Napoleon Bonaparte is regarded as one of the greatest military masterminds in the history of mankind. It will show the life of Napoleon from when he was a young boy, till he died in 1821. It will show how he deceived the French into giving him power, and how he used this power for his own interests. It will also reveal how he almost killed of an entire generation of French people, and once again prove that all good things must come to
D.H. Lawrence D. H. Lawrence’s poem “Snake” is an attempt to rectify man’s post-Genesis ideals with those of his pre-Judeo-Christian tradition. The snake, before the fall in Eden was regarded as a creature of wisdom and magic. Living on the surface of the earth and underground, the snake had been a symbol of the mythological Underworld. Its associations with Neolithic agrarian cultures date back for millenia. It has long since been the symbol of conniving, feared, pagan societies. In Lawrence’s
GENTIC ENGINEERING Abstract This paper sets out to defend human genetic engineering with a new bioethical approach, post-humanism, combined with a radical democratic political framework. Arguments for the restriction of human genetic engineering, and specifically germ-line enhancement, are reviewed. Arguments are divided into those which are fundamental matters of faith, or "bio-Luddite" arguments, and those which can be addressed through public policy, or "gene-angst" arguments. The four bio-Lu
England England (Latin Anglia), political division of the island of Great Britain, constituting, with Wales, the principal division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England occupies all of the island east of Wales and south of Scotland, another division of the United Kingdom. Established as an independent monarchy many centuries ago, England in time achieved political control over the rest of the island, all the British Isles, and vast sections of the world, becoming
Exploration There were many motives that impelled European nations to embark on overseas exploration from the fifteenth century onward. Each of these reasons was slightly different depending on the nation but one thing is for certain; overseas exploration provided vast opportunities and riches for those who dared to voyage into the unknown. The Portuguese had a need for better land. The agriculture opportunities in Portugal were poor and better land was available overseas in the Atlantic islands
Twain\'s Effective Strategies Mark Twain\'s Life on the Mississippi is a story that follows a chronological order from beginning to end. The first chapter of the book begins with the historical background of the Mississippi River, which is the main focus of the story. The reason for providing the background information of the river is to let the reader have a better understanding of Twain\'s delight and awe that catches his imagination. Moreover, Twain uses effective strategies such as detailed
Essay-Hinduism and Buddhism The idea of “religare” or binding oneself back to one’s religion is key to many religions. In Christianity, we bind our selves back to the truth unveiled through scripture, myths, tradition, and the church’s teachings. Hinduism, however has a much different interpretation of the idea of binding oneself back. There really is not a whom or what that I can put my finger on. We all came from one God and we must get back to God. But how can one go about doing that? A Hindu
Buddhism 1. Introduction - I recently started to wonder about other world religions and things like that. And so I’ve started reading up about different religions and I came across one that really caught my attention. The religion is Buddhism. Today I’m going to tell you a little bit about it’s history, some basic beliefs, and some of the different kinds of Buddhism. 2. Thesis 1. Subject - Buddhism 2. Initial Summary 1. The Origin of Buddhism 2. Basic Beliefs of Buddhism 3. The Two Kinds of Budd
BLOOD AND BELONGING Politics of Western Europe November 17, 1994 This is a critique of the book, Blood and Belonging, by Michael Ignatieff. This paper will explain the subject of the book and its relevance, discuss Michael Ignatieff\'s methods and conclusions on the subject and finally include a personal critique of the book by the author of this paper. The author of the book travels on what he terms "the six journeys." On these "journeys" he encounters different cultures, as he travels to six d
Dietary Laws W.R.1 - Inquiry Activity Many people fail to realise that dietary laws actually do exist in our society. In many religions there are great restrictions and guidelines that must be followed when it comes to food selection which dates back to the biblical era. Kashrut (the Jewish dietary laws) is a perfect example of these laws. There are however other issues that affect our choice in food including our moral and ethical values, health reasons, self discipline and of course social rea
Aisha Aisha was the youngest daughter of Abu Bekr, himself the chief advisor, the first disciple, and best friend of Muhammad -- the Messenger of God. It was customary in those days, and still is today in Arabia, for a man of property and substance to have many wives. In offering his daughter to Muhammad, Abu Bekr was trying to solidify his ties with that great man, hoping an issue would spring forth to carry on the name of both Muhammad and Aisha. The Qoran allows a man to have up to four wives
China The Himalayas along China\'s southwestern frontier with India are the world\'s tallest mountains. China\'s greatest river, the Yangtze, is the world\'s fourth longest. The Taklimakan Desert, in western Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, is one of the driest spots on Earth. The area of loessic soil (fine, siltlike soil created by wind action in dry regions) in Shaanxi and Shanxi provinces is probably more extensive than in any other place. China has a great wealth of mineral and natural reso
Racism in Flags Racism can be represented in many forms. Flags are on of them. Flags can be used to represent something. Many flags mean different things such as freedom, democracy and respect for something such as a country. However, some flags can been seen as something bad or something that they disprove of, but to another person it can be something they believe in. What I am talking about is racism and how it can be shown in flags. The Confederate flag is a very controversial flag. Some peop
Relationship with Religion and Music One of the most talked about religion is the Rastafarian religion. If you don\'t know about the religion I will give you the definition and the rules and regulation that you must follow as a Rastafarian. Rastafarianism is a politico-religious movement among elements of the black population of Jamaica and several other countries. The followers of this religion do not believe in God, instead they worship Haile Selassie, the former emperor of Ethiopia. The word
The Atomic Bomb and its Effects on Post-World War II Then a tremendous flash of light cut across the sky . Mr. Tanimoto has a distinct recollection that it traveled from east to west, from the city toward the hills. It seemed like a sheet of sun. ÐJohn Hersey, from Hiroshima, pp.8 On August 6, 1945, the world changed forever. On that day the United States of America detonated an atomic bomb over the city of Hiroshima. Never before had mankind seen anything like. Here was something that was sligh
MOHANDAS GANDHi Satyagraha. Meaning "force or firmness of truth, Mohandas Gandhi worked and lived by this word. By peaceful, non-violent demonstrations he little by little took hold of the people of India\'s love and honor and freed them from British rule. This is his story: On October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India, a region of Queen Victoria, Mohandas Gandhi was born to Kaba Gandhi and his wife. Although his father, Kaba, was the chief Minister for the Maharaja of Porbandar, he and his family liv
Feminism Generally, feminism means the advocacy of women\'s rights to full citizenship--that is, political, economic, and social equality with men. Feminism encompasses some widely differing views, however, including those advocating female separatism. Modern feminism, which was born with the great democratic revolutions of the 18th century (American and French), differed from its precursors in applying the democratic implications of "the rights of man and the citizen" to women as a group. Abiga
The Mayans The Mayans believe that Mother Earth was a gigantic monster. It was an alligator, toad, and a turtle combined. Above her was a sky with a layer for each planet and spheres of movement for the sun and the moon. Below her was the underworld where heavenly bodies passed when out of sight. All around her were the spirits of rain and thunder. The deities of the food plants and animals attended her. All nature was alive and it was constantly dying and being reborn (Burland 1771). The Mayans
Exploration Conflict "Human life is reduced to real suffering, to hell, only when two ages, two cultures and religions, overlap." Stated by Albreight Von Haller. Human life, during the discovery of the new world was reduced to real suffering. When the European explorers came across the seas, they brought their own thoughts, beliefs, and ways of life, while the natives already held a strong history and independent civilization. Native Americans and the Europeans conflicted culturally with their r
The First Crusade In The middle of the Eleventh Century The tranquillity of the eastern Mediterranean seemed assured for many years to come, but little did the people know what was ahead . This, thus embark us on a journey back into the First Crusade. In this paper I will be discussing the events that lead up to the first in a long line of crusades. I will also be mentioning the lives of some of the crusaders through letters that they wrote. The crusades were a time of confusion for most people,
The European Renaissance The Renaissance was a period of European history, considered by modern scholars as that between 1300 and 1600. Many dramatic changes happened during the Renaissance. The Renaissance was a period of new inventions and beliefs. The Renaissance was drastically different from the Middle Ages. During the Middle Ages the church held most of the power and its economy was agriculturally based. Exploration and learning was almost put to a stop. During the Renaissance society was
BELIEFS ON CAPITAL PUNISHMENT The demands of our criminal justice system today, force society to practice the use of capital punishment. In 1972, the United States Supreme Court declared the death penalty “cruel and unusual punishment,” but this decision was reversed in 1978. The citizens of the United States have the right to enforce or ban the law of capital punishment on a state level. Since then, the punishments or scheduled punishments have increased at a steady rate. Religious beliefs amon
The Right to Choose Should there be a constitutional amendment banning abortion? In society today an agreement exists that when life becomes human life, that the human being must be protected. Many religions, organizations and individuals have passionately held conflicting beliefs about when human life begins. Is a fetus a human life at conception? Or is a child a human life at birth? Today, this question goes hand in hand with that question of abortion. There is so much controversy over this de