Psychology

Mescaline Mescaline (3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine), most commonly known as Peyote, is a Schedule I Controlled Drug and is classified as a hallucinogen. The chemical formula is [(CH3 O)3 C6 H2 CH2 CH2 NH2 ], and it effects the brain by interfering with the normal functions of such neurotransmitters as serotonin. These effects are found mostly in the brain stem, where the neurons are particularly effected by hallucinogens. Duration of it’s effects last about twelve hours. Mescaline is commonly f
Legalization of Marijuana By: Sarah Regester Legalization of marijuana has been an issue for a long time. Marijuana was first brought up as an issue in 1915. It had since then became a much bigger issue in the 1960’s and is now being considered for medical purposes in the 1990’s. Some of the issue’s faced can be described as: Legalization for medical purposes and legalization for insufficient reasons (i.e.: smoking it just for own joys ). ( Brownell, 71 ). As a classroom exercise in an upward di
Gender Effects on Criminal Sentencing Running head: GENDER EFFECTS Gender Effects on Criminal Sentencing Alison Aitken Central Michigan University Abstract The effects of gender of judges and criminals in a criminal trial were investigated. Thirty-seven subjects, 17 males and 20 females, filled out a questionairre detailing the results of a criminal trial and acted as a judge awarding a sentence, in years. Two different forms of the questionairre were given, varying the gender of the criminal. S
Is Psychology a Science? In order to answer this question it is important to understand the definitions of both psychology and science. The word \'psychology\' comes from the Greek \'psyche\' (or soul) and \'logos\' (or study), which came to be known as the \'study of the soul\'. The American Heritage Dictionary defines psychology as: 1. the science dealing with the mind and with mental and emotional processes 2. the science of human and animal behavior. In its pure definition the dictionary has
The Stock Market There are many factors that affect the stock market. So many, in fact, that it is immeasurable. There are financial factors, such as corporate profits and interest rates which affect the market, and other factors. Factors such as involvement in war, foreign affairs, trade agreements, and political events. How do these other factors affect the stock market when there is seemingly no connection to finance? Many of these other matters affect the economy, such as trade policy, which
The Causation of Serial Killers People become serial killers for many reasons. Serial Killers are people with three or more seperate events with an emotional cooling off period between homicides with an emotional cooling- off period between homicides with each murder taking place at a different location. (Schechter and Everitt, 69). Serial killers are the most frightening psychopaths because they do not reveal any of the basic human emotions- empathy, conscience, or remorse, (Schechter and Everi
Buddhism Despite his final words of comfort, his followers were devastated at his departure. His favorite disciple Ananda had his body cremated by his friends in Kusinagara. Ten neighboring rulers demanded that his relics and ashes be divided among them, but they could not agree on how to do it. The people of Kusinagara refused. The dispute threatened war, which seems absurd, considering the teachings of Buddha are based on peace. The crisis soon passed, however, when the relics were divided by
Cognition and Language EMANUEL KAKAOUNAKIS CHAPTER 7 COGNITION & LANGUAGE HUBBLE TELESCOPE -PROBLEM SOLVING -COGNITION PSYCHOLOGY -COGNITION -THINKING & REASONING -LANGUAGE THINKING -ONLY HUMANS CAN CONTEMPLATE, ANALYZE, RECOLLECT OR PLAN -THINKING= THE MANIPULATION OF MENTAL REPRESENTATION OF INFO -REPRESENTATION= WORD, VISUAL IMAGE, SOUND OR OTHER DATA -REPRESENTATIONS TRANSFORM INTO A DIFFERENT FORM TO ALLOW PROBLEM SOLVING -WE DO NOT REALLY KNOW HOW THIS HAPPENS -WE DO UNDERSTAND FUNDEMENTAL
The Anatomy of The Great Code ENG 494 Objective Criticism Portland State University M. Clark December 7, 1998 The Great Code by Northrop Frye is an attempt at a study of the Bible from the perspective of a literary critic. As we have already seen in his previous work, Frye has a unique approach to analyzing literature. Explicit in The Anatomy of Criticism and implicit in The Great Code is the assumption that converging patterns of significance lead the critic to conclude that fundamental archety
Depression Emptiness. For a long time, I felt nothing. The same time I entered into my freshman year of high school, I also entered into a frightening state of depression which would last for three years. I\'m not sure how it all started. Up until the end of eighth grade, I was a normal teenager, with no more then the usual adolescent worries of school, extracurricular hobbies (karate and piano-playing, on my part) and the opposite sex. From the onset of ninth grade, however, I began to graduall
Masturbation Don\'t you wonder why we never see newspaper headlines about the health benefits of masturbation? Every month you hear of a study proving that a daily glass of wine or a brisk walk through the park is good for the heart. Considering how the media loves sex, it\'s surprising that we haven\'t seen the headline "Study Shows Daily Masturbation Reduces Stress, Invigorates Heart, and Prolongs Life." It\'s just another example of the taboo shrouding of this simple sexual activity, because
The Effects of Bilingualism on Language Development Christopher Perez Term Paper Life-Span Development, PSY 407 Instructor: Dr. Christina Rodriguez November 24, 1998 Abstract The effects of bilingualism on language development in children are examined. Theories suggest that bilingual children are able to learn a second language after the first is mastered. One of the reasons behind this is that the child has already developed the nonverbal concept of the word (because the child is already using
Psychology Mnemonic devices are used in every day communication, so that the abbreviation is automatically associated to the meaning. For example NASA, AT&T, MCI, these are just a few examples of how common the devices really are. Without them, it would almost be impossible to remember a list of items for the grocery store, or the factual answers of your biology exam. One example of a mnemonic device is grouping, which is to classify a list based some common characteristic. Another type of devic
Psychological Problems Greg Doran Comm. 101-31 10/26/98 Wuthering Heights, published in 1847, is the only prose work written by Emily Bronte, middle of the three famous Bronte sisters. She was 29 at the time and her life should have only been beginning, but sadly it would end a year later (Gaskill 433). The one and only novel that she wrote was a complex story that used two separate houses in an isolated setting as a vehicle to explore the dichotomy of the social class system in nineteenth centu
Sport Psychology What is sport psychology? Sport psychology is (a) the study of the psychological and mental factors that influence and are influenced by participation and performance in sport, exercise, and physical activity, and (b) the application of the knowledge gained through this study to everyday settings. Sport psychology professionals are interested in how participation in sport, exercise, and physical activity may enhance personal development and well-being throughout the life span. W
Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder affects three to five percent of all children, perhaps as many as two million American children. Two to three more boys than girls are affected. On the average, at least one child in every classroom in the United States needs help for the disorder. ADHD often continues into adolescence and adulthood, and can cause a lifetime of frustrating dreams and emotional pain (NIMH Pamphlet, 1996). According to the DSM-IV, Attent
Satanism Sociology/Psychology I am hoping I can somehow make this seem like a psychological report without making it lose any of it\'s important details. My goal in writing this paper is to hopefully make people understand and agree that Satanism is not a "Devil Worshipping," animal mutilating, child scarifying cult organization. The psychological thing comes in when people say Satanism is wrong or evil, they hear the word Satan and automatically assume that it must be bad. They make these assum
Anti-Social In a world full of fears, perhaps the worst one a human being should have is that to be afraid of his fellow man. The human that should be most feared is the one that has Anti-Social Personality Disorder or in laymen’s terms the psychopath. The psychopath is probably the most deviant mind that exists and treatment is not very successful because there is not a cure or drug to control it. The solution in my mind to control the problem of sociopaths is to let them live in colonies with
Battered Women\'s Syndrome Battered Women\'s Syndrome: A Survey of Contemporary Theories Domestic Violence November 16, 1996 In 1991, Governor William Weld modified parole regulations and permitted women to seek commutation if they could present evidence indicating they suffered from battered women\'s syndrome. A short while later, the Governor, citing spousal abuse as his impetus, released seven women convicted of killing their husbands, and the Great and General Court of Massachusetts enacted
ATTACKS ON THE INSANITY DEFENSE The insanity defense refers to that branch of the concept of insanity which defines the extent to which men accused of crimes may be relieved of criminal responsibility by virtue of mental disease. The terms of such a defense are to be found in the instructions presented by the trial judge to the jury at the close of a case. These instructions can be drawn from any of several rules used in the determination of mental illness. The final determination of mental illn
Why IQ tests don\'t test intelligence Psychology The task of trying to quantify a person’s intelligence has been a goal of psychologists since before the beginning of this century. The Binet-Simon scales were first proposed in 1905 in Paris, France and various sorts of tests have been evolving ever since. One of the important questions that always comes up regarding these tools is what are the tests really measuring? Are they measuring a person’s intelligence? Their ability to perform well on st
Interventions in the Narcissistic Disorders On Narcissism: Psychological Theories and Therapeutic Introduction Understanding the Narcissistic Phenomenon The so called ‘narcissistic personality disorder’ is a complex and often misunderstood disorder. The cardinal feature of the narcissistic personality is the grandiose sense of self importance, but paradoxically underneath this grandiosity the narcissist suffers from a chronically fragile low self esteem. The grandiosity of the narcissist, howeve
Pornography -- Sex or Subordination? Violence and Pornography In the late Seventies, America became shocked and outraged by the rape, mutilation, and murder of over a dozen young, beautiful girls. The man who committed these murders, Ted Bundy, was later apprehended and executed. During his detention in various penitentiaries, he was mentally probed and prodded by psychologist and psychoanalysts hoping to discover the root of his violent actions and sexual frustrations. Many theories arose in at
Right Brain, Left Brain Psychology The article in which I chose to examine is called Right Brain, Left Brain: Fact and Fiction, written by Jerre Levy. In the past fifteen years or so there has been a lot of talk of left brain and right brain people. Levy\'s reason for righting this article was clearly to stop the misconceptions and show the truth about how our brain hemispheres operate. Levy first explores the myth of the left brain and right brain theory. She states that generally people see th
Adolescent Depression: The Under Acknowledged Disease Psychology Depression is a disease that afflicts the human psyche in such a way that the afflicted tends to act and react abnormally toward others and themselves. Therefore it comes to no surprise to discover that adolescent depression is strongly linked to teen suicide. Adolescent suicide is now responsible for more deaths in youths aged 15 to 19 than cardiovascular disease or cancer (Blackman, 1995). Despite this increased suicide rate, dep
Video Game Playing and its Effects on Personality and Behavior in relation to Aggression In recent years, technological advances have introduced many new forms of entertainment, one of the most popular being video games. Since their introduction, professionals and parents have become concerned with the addictive power that video games can have on people, particularly children and adolescents. Today, concern has shifted from the addictive effects of video game playing to the possible effects that
Verbal Aggression Verbal aggression is message behavior which attacks a person\'s self-concept in order to deliver psychological pain.(Infante, 1995) Studies of verbal aggression have focused primarily on children and adolescents in educational and social settings. Very few studies were found to examine verbal aggression in adults in the workplace.(Ebbesen, Duncan, Konecni, 1974) The consequences of verbal aggression in the workplace can lead to social isolation, job related stress, health relat
Anthrolopoloy BOOK REVIEW Scientific racism claims that biological inheritance determines the character and behavior of social groups we identify as races. Despite its history of oppression and genocide, the scientific defense of racial inequality demonstrates a disturbing persistence. Murphy Ballen’s study of scientific racism in Great Britain and the United States in the 1920s and 1930s appropriately deals not with its demise but with its retreat. Making extensive use of private correspondence
Chosen Book One I was a son to my father... And he taught me and said to me, "Let your heart hold fast my words...." -Proverbs Chapter 1 Setting: Brooklyn (during depression), Reuven\'s baseball field Characters: Reuven Malter, Danny Saunders, Mr. Galanter Summary: Reuven\'s school has a baseball game against Danny\'s. Reuven does not have a good first impression of Danny. When Danny has a short talk with Reuven he insults his team and then and there a small war is started between the two teams.
The Life and Art of Salvador Dali Salvador Dali\'s life and art were very closely related. Everything in his life was reflected in his art. All the major changes in his works and styles represented important turning points for him. When Dali was younger, he experimented with different styles. The first style he used was soft, blurry and seemed a little bit out of focus, although his use shadowing was well from the beginning. Dali\'s early works were not very impressive, but he was very talented
Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud\'s views continue to influence the contemporary practices of many psychologists today. Many theories of psychology have been influenced by Freud\'s psychoanalytic method. Many of his basic concepts are still used by many theorists. Known as the "father of psychology," Freud\'s ideas toward the science will be remembered, studied and utilized by many psychologists for years to come. In this paper I am going to discuss the life of Freud, his ideas toward the science, an
Nathaniel Hawthorne Weaves Dreams into Reality in Much of His 19th Century Prose Nathaniel Hawthorne, a master of American fiction, often utilizes dreams within the annals of his writings to penetrate, explore and express his perceptions of the complex moral and spiritual conflicts that plague mankind. His clever, yet crucial purpose for using dreams is to represent, through symbolism, the human divergence conflict manifested in the souls of man during the firm Christian precepts of the Era in w
Magic of the Mind PART ONE CONTENTS --------------------3 SELFREALISATION AND DIRECTION FOR THE ADOLESCENT PART TWO CONTENTS ---------------------59 MANIFESTATIONS OF AWARENESS PART THREE CONTENTS -----------------104 PHILOSOPHICAL CONTENTS PART ONE. BOLD = MAIN TITLES. REGULAR = SUB TITLES. ----------------------------------------------------------------PAGE FORWARD -----------------------------------------------------4 INTELLECTUALITY -----------------------------------------8 DEDICATION -----
TEEN SUICIDE Suicides among young people nationwide have increased greatly in recent years. Each year in the U.S., thousands of teenagers commit suicide. Suicide is the third leading cause of death for 15 - to - 24 years olds, and the sixth leading cause of death for 5 - to - 14 year olds. Teenagers experience strong feelings of stress, confusion, self-doubt, pressure to succeed, financial uncertainty, and other fears while growing up. For some teenagers, divorce, the formation of a new family w
Advertising One of the largest and most important criteria in the business world is to make sure that your product is well known, easy to identify, and is accessible to your target group (the audience that the company intends to sell to). Due to of this great importance hundreds of millions of dollars are spent each year in persuading consumers to by "their" product. But what goes into this persuasion? What methods are used in convincing people to buy one product over another? These are just som
ROAD RAGE: THE SCOURGE OF AMERICA’S ROADWAYS Topic: Road Rage General Purpose: To convince Specific Purpose: To convince the audience to combat "road rage" by increasing driver awareness Thesis Statement: "Road rage" caused by aggressive driving tendencies is a growing epidemic affecting today’s roadways, but there is a solution. Ethos: Include myself in my statements. Pathos: Audience should feel horrified at the consequences of road rage. Logos: Cite statistics and research resources. Introduc
Sailing Essay I was recently reading an article in a sailing magazine that had asked its readers to write in with the number one reason they go sailboat racing. The results, supplied by a few hundred people, were not surprising to me. The overwhelming reason people named was the stimulating mental challenge racing provides. Other reasons - the physical challenge, the team-sport experience, the social value and the chance to get away - were all rated about equally, and a clear second to the menta
Case Study Analyses of the Character Hamlet by Individual Psychology Adams State College Hamlet 2 I will be evaluating the character Hamlet from the movie “Hamlet, Prince of Denmark.” The theory I have chosen is Gordon Allport’s psychology of the individual. Hamlet was written by William Shakespeare in 1602 and was first performed at the Globe theater in England. In particular I have chosen the 1993 screen play interpretation written by Franco Zeffirelli and staring Mel Gibson as Hamlet. The sta
Degrees INTRODUCTION Many adults who graduate from high school immediately enter careers that do not require a college degree. Indeed, the majority of the adult population of the United States of America does not have college degrees. And the lack of degree is not a stigma. Vocations usually do not require degrees. Certainly the many trade vocations in the building industry do not require college degrees, but instead either vocational training, on-the-job training, and combinations of both. The
Sigmund Freud Many believe Freud to be the father of modern psychiatry and psychology and the only psychiatrist of any worth. He is certainly the most well known figure, perhaps because sex played such a prominent role in his system. There are other psychologists, however, whose theories demand respectful consideration. Erik Erickson, born Eric Homburger, whose theories while not as titillating as Freud\'s, are just as sound. This paper will compare the two great men and their systems. In additi
Convicting Raskolnikov Dostoevsky\'s views on Criminal Justice At the close of Crime and Punishment, Raskolinkov is convicted of Murder and sentenced to seven years in Siberian prison. Yet even before the character was conceived, Fyodor Dostoevsky had already convicted Raskolinkov in his mind (Frank, Dostoevsky 101). Crime and Punishment is the final chapter in Dostoevsky\'s journey toward understanding the forces that drive man to sin, suffering, and grace. Using ideas developed in Notes from U
The Brain Your brain has two sides. And each has a distinctly different way of looking at the world. Do you realize that in order for you to read this article, the two sides of your brain must do completely different things? The more we integrate those two sides, the more integrated we become as people. Integration not only increases our ability to solve problems more creatively, but to control physical maladies such as epilepsy and migranes, replace certain damaged brain functions and even lear
Management The experience during the (name of course) at (name of College) has given me a broader view on managment. With the vast amount of material given to me in class with prior modules, I¹ve increased my understanding of an effective management. One¹s skill in management requires constant practice. Mangers who grow too complacement or too lazy to continue practicing will eventually find their carrer in decay. In this paper, I will present my concept of an ideal managment environment. Good m
Ethology The biological study of animal behavior is called Ethology. All behavior is a reaction to a stimulus. John B. Watson influenced animal behavior in the twentieth century. He published a book in 1924 called Behaviorism. Jakob von Uexkull and O. Heinroth started a school that taught about animal behavior. There are two categories of animal behavior: "genetically determined" or "environmentally determined." Animal behavior is the different ways that animals do different things, such as hunt
The Downfall of Young Goodman Brown "Young Goodman Brown", by Nathaniel Hawthorne, is a story that is thick with allegory. "Young Goodman Brown" is a moral story which is told through the perversion of a religious leader. In "Young Goodman Brown", Goodman Brown is a Puritan minister who lets his excessive pride in himself interfere with his relations with the community after he meets with the devil, and causes him to live the life of an exile in his own community. "Young Goodman Brown" begins wh
Johnson Behavioral System Model In this paper, I am going to summarize the Johnson Behavioral System (JBS) Model (Johnson, 1980, 1990), explain the perspectives for nursing practice, and explore its applicability in nursing practice. First, I am going to talk a little about Dorothy E. Johnson the nurse that wrote the Model. Dorothy E. Johnson was born August 21, 1919, in Savannah, Georgia (Lobo, 1995). She received her A.A. from Armstrong Junior College in Savannah, Georgia, in 1938; her B.S.N.
Evolutionary Psychology-Fact or Chauvinism Every man’s dream, at one time or another, has been to be the all powerful sex god, with harems of submissive women. So why not invent a psychology to express that? Actually, I feel that evolutionary psychology is based on some kernels of truth; however, it fits in better when approached from the overall biological view of natural evolution combined with wisdom from the sociological perspective. From the biological point of view, one can hardly believe
Handling Stress # This essay is about handling the stress of University studies. We will be looking into many ideas and different people¹s views on how to handle stress. I will also be giving my own opinions on how I think stress can be controlled or relieved. The first thing we must do is ask ourselves one very important question, ³what is stress²? WHAT IS STRESS? According to an Australian born physician, Hans Selye (1979), stress is the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon
The Souls of Black Folk by W.E.B. Du Bois Du Bois was one of those people who studied and learned a lot of things about the world, a lot of things that he found to be extremely unjust. This became his source of energy for becoming an intellectual guide for America, warning it of "the 20th century color problem" and suggesting sound and rational courses of action for the country to take. His contention was expressed lyrically and with passion in The Souls of Black Folk that he wrote in 1903. His
Psychology in Lord of the Flies In Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, a group of schoolboys become stranded on an island. The novel describes how most of the boys change from civilized to immoral behavior. There are no adults on this island to enforce rules and laws. As the boys loose touch with the standards of old they start to enjoy the island more and more. Eventually they are completely free of the civilized ways they were taught. When Simon came with news about the beast the others wer