Introduction to Islam Allah (God) Islam is the complete submission and obedience to Allah (God). The name Allah (God) in Islam never refers to Muhammad (pbuh), as many Christians may think; Allah is the personal name of God. What do Muslims believe about Allah? 1. He is the one God, Who has no partner. 2. Nothing is like Him. He is the Creator, not created, nor a part of His creation. 3. He is All-Powerful, absolutely Just. 4. There is no other entity in the entire universe worthy of worship bes
ISLAM 570--Birth of Muhammad into Quraysh, the ruling tribe of Mecca. Islamic tradition relates miraculous signs foretelling Muhammad\'s future greatness. Orphaned and raised by an uncle Abu Talib to be a trader. 595-Muhammad marries Khadijah a rich widow several years his senior. Earns reputation of Al-Amin --the faithful, for his virtue and wisdom. 610- The Night of Power (believed to be the 26th of Ramadan)--First revelation while meditating in a cave on Mt. Hira outside Mecca. Voices and vis
A Biography of Seyyed Hossein Nasr Professor Seyyed Hossein Nasr, one of the world\'s leading experts on Islamic science and spirituality, is University Professor of Islamic Studies at George Washington University. Professor Nasr is the authour of numerous books including Man and Nature: the Spiritual Crisis of Modern Man (Kazi Publications, 1998), Religion and the Order of Nature (Oxford, 1996) and Knowledge and the Sacred (SUNY, 1989). Introduction Seyyed Hossein Nasr, currently University Pro
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF ART This paper will show the relationship between the environment and fine arts. Both of these subjects are evaluated on a perceptual basis of what the observer sees and appreciates. As the basis for this report, it will be determined what is considered art and what comprises the environment. Defining what is art has been discussed at least since Plato wrote in The Republic about the place of the artist in society. The importance of art to mankind has peculiarly modern i
A Brief Introduction to Margaret Laurence J ean Margaret Wemyss was born in Neepawa, Manitoba on July 18, 1926 to Robert Harrison Wemyss, a lawyer, and his wife Verna Simpson. Her mother died when she was 4 years old, and her father later married his former sister in law Margaret Campbell Simpson. When Laurence was nine years old her father died of pneumonia and she moved in with her Grandfather. Laurence wrote for and was an editor of the Black and Gold, the Neepawa Collegiate paper. When she w
A Lesson About Family Intro to English Literature I 24 May 2004 Many sociologists define the term values as cultural types of standards by which people measure goodness and beauty. These values also serve as broad guidelines for social living and human interaction. For the most part, values are different for different cultures. However, there are many universal traits that cultures share. For example, most world cultures have some form of music. They have services for marriage and services for d
A Supermarket in California Allen Ginsberg’s A Supermarket in California in its simplest form gives homage to influential authors and pokes fun using Ginsberg’s socio-political wit. The narrator enters a California supermarket while on a stroll in search of some form of intellectual stimulation or motivation. During this visit, he thinks about three famous authors shopping and imagines how each would observe the same supermarket. Although all three authors mentioned in this story were homosexual
Horror of a Time Honored Tradition, “The Lottery” Literature 225 (FAC) August 3, 2004 In Shirley Jackson\'s The Lottery the different mannerisms in the story all foretell the story\'s dark undertone. Many readers find this story both shocking and disturbing. There comes to mind two different attitudes expressed in this story: first, how society can be bound by barbaric traditions and second, how human nature tends to use a scapegoat when faced with strife or turmoil. Throughout history people a
The Rape of the Lock Question 4. ‘‘The Rape of the Lock’ is a very empty trifle without any solidity or sensible meaning’ (John Dennis, a contemporary critic of the eighteenth century). Was he right? A ‘trifle’ is defined as being ‘something of little importance or value’ (www.dictionary.com). Thus, ‘a very empty trifle’ would appear to be near devoid of importance or value. Criticism as bold as this must be put into context, since modern critics hold the general consensus that Alexander Pope’s
Claude McKay: America English Literature “All aboard! Next stop…. the new world!” This phrase has been repeated many of times throughout history to all the people with hopes, dreams, and aspirations to live with dignity and absolute freedom. This was the case of one aspiring and venturous immigrant, Claude McKay. Believing in the equality and freedom of the poor and backwards peasantry he had left behind in Jamaica, he sought to establish a new life in the United States with a similar dream in h
BEOWULF What can be known about a unique poem in a unique manuscript, dated around the year 1000 a.d.? What do we know about the circumstances of its composition? Is it literary, oral, or something in-between? What can we never know? Beowulf is both strange and familiar: it has some links with ancient classical poems like Homer\'s; 19thc ideas of it have been received and reworked in the course of the 20thc in academe, children\'s literature and adult popular culture; and yet it remains an ancie
Eavan Boland Eavan Boland is a woman with an extraordinary talent. She was born with the ability to make people experience feelings through her words. Boland captures the reader with her personal and lyrical poetry. She articulates the pride of her individuality and the confidence of her shared humanity even from her Nowhere can be found a land without violence. But nowhere but Ireland can be found a land with more violence. Eavan Boland uses the theme of violence in many of the poems that she w
“Contemplation” The tragedies of both Macbeth and Othello present two worlds of reality. One world being that as we the audience sees it, in the normal state of the present. The other being a world of the mind the reality of evil and witchcraft created by the contemplation of Macbeth and Othello. The actuality of this world is most questionable and dangerous for the characters because of the confusions it brings about. Macbeth and Othello do become the victims of their own minds. This is support
Dead Poets Society DPS Summary Dead Poets Society explores the conflict between realism and romanticism as these contrasting ideals are presented to the students at an all boys preparatory school. Welton Academy is founded on tradition and excellence and is bent on providing strict structured lessons prescribed by the realist, anti-youth administration. With the dawning of each new semester, hundreds of parents abandon their sons, leaving them in the tried hands of Welton staff in hopes that the
William Shakespeare’s Desires to Please Darkness, blood, treason and death. In the 16th century, William Shakespeare knew that these elements were crowd appeasing and he incorporated them into his plays. Shakespeare’s Macbeth is no exception. Macbeth is the tale of a man who is led to his own moral and physical destruction through many outer influences and his own overweening ambition. Throughout Macbeth, Shakespeare introduces realistic characters, incorporates the world of the supernatural and
Emily Dickinson Maya Angelou Essay Q. Analyse the presentation of human suffering in the poetry of Maya Angelou Emily Dickinson. Many of Emily Dickinson’s poems touch on topics dealing with loss and human suffering. While loss and suffering is generally considered a sad or unfortunate thing, Dickinson uses this theme to explain and promote the positive aspects of absence. Throughout many of her poems, one can see clearly that see is an advocate of respecting and accepting the state of being with
Elizabeth I Middle Life Queen Elizabeth I was perhaps the most powerful, revolutionary queen to ever rule England. During the 45 years of Elizabeth’s reign, England flourished in all elements from economics to education. In fact Elizabeth I made so many successful improvements that these times were called The Elizabethan Age. And to learn more a bout the very interesting women we will talk about her life. Elizabeth I was the daughter of t King Henry VIII and his second of six wives, Anne Boleyn.
Emily Dickinson Emily Dickinson was born on December 10, 1830 in Amherst, Massachusetts. She was the second daughter of a prominent lawyer and one-term United States congressional representative, Edward Dickinson and his wife, Emily Norcross Dickinson. Being rooted in the puritanical Massachusetts of the 1800’s, the Dickinson children were raised in the Christian tradition, and they were expected to take up their father’s religious beliefs and values without argument. Later in life, Emily would
The Roles Land and Water Play in Selected Pieces of American Literature April 6, 2004 Engl 206 WATER: 1.)The liquid that descends as rain and forms rivers, lakes and seas. 2.) a natural mineral. Water serves as nourishment to our bodies, for it is the one thing, besides air, which as humans, we can not live without. Water is the building block in all living things. Water is the home to many creatures. Water is an escape to vacationers in the summer, and in the winter, water becomes an escape fr
English Coursework – Blood Brothers, by Willy Russell In the play ‘Blood Brothers’, what techniques does Willy Russell use to attract and maintain the audiences interest? Further to your comments, explain how, given the opportunity, you would direct, Act five Scene five. Willy Russell was born just outside Liverpool. His father owned a chip shop and his mother worked in a warehouse. At school he was a failure but during English silent reading lessons he realized he wanted to be a writer. He left
Old English The Old English seems to us as being alienated from the reality because of its spelling, unfamiliar vocabulary and some gramatical differences. It is possible for students to do good translations os Old English only with a very little bit of training. Looking carefully, we can find a very large number of points that are very near or similar to the comtemporary english. The Old English is characterised by the use of abbreviations used by the Anglo–Saxon scribes, to speed up the copyin
Harlem Renaissance 17-04-04 “A heightened concern with artistic form and a concern for representing the social world are not at odds with one another. Indeed, new social forms require new forms of representation.” Poets and writers associated with the Harlem Renaissance manage to both represent and contradict this statement, depending on the point at which we analyze them As a relatively new social caste they saw opportunities in modern forms of artistic expression like jazz or the blues, but th
Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage: Stories In Wild Swans a girl on a train, fondled by a minister, feels disgusted but also hugely curious. Munro describes — as I\'ve never seen anyone else do — how people put erotic memories, not always pleasant ones, to use over and over in their lives. 1. This paper reports that Rose is sitting on a train ride during which a self-described minister gropes her throughout the ride. She cannot take a stand against him, because she knows that th
Emily Dickinson By: Emily Dickinson I FELT a funeral in my brain, And mourners, to and fro, Kept treading, treading, it seemed That sense was breaking through. And when they all were seated, A service like a drum Kept beating, beating, till I thought My mind was going numb. And then I heard them lift a box, And creak across my soul With those same boots of lead, again. Then space began to toll As all the heavens were a bell, And Being but an ear, And I and silence some strange race, Wrecked, sol
Imagery in The Yellow Wallpaper Intro to Literature I Dr. Roger Easson 1 June 2004 Insanity is a phenomenon not often written about in literature. However, there is a piece of fiction written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman which brings to life the disease of insanity. She is best known for her 1892 short story, The Yellow Wallpaper. Like the main character, Gilman underwent a type of rest treatment after suffering from bouts of severe depression following the birth of her daughter. This type of re
The Handsomest Drowned Man in The World 1 In the story “The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World, the children of a small village discover a large man that washes ashore and the people of the village claim this man as one of their own. While taking care of this drowned man, the women of the village fall in love with him and image what he must have gone through being such an enormous person. They have great pity for this character and make him out to be larger than life. The men in the village hav
John Donne Question 3. Bring out what you consider to be the most distinctive features of Donne as a love poet in comparison with a sixteenth century predecessor. Illustrate your answer with analysis of specific poems or passages, considering both themes and style. John Donne is invariably regarded as being a metaphysical poet. As a metaphysical poet Donne often employed new, avant-garde, styles when writing. Donne typically used his metaphysical wit to write about love, religion or politics, of
“The Lottery” Literature 115 Essay # 1 The story entitled The Lottery, written by Shirley Jackson is an intriguing and shocking parable. The Lottery is set in a small village on a clear summer day. Written in objective third person point of view, The Lottery keeps the reader in suspense as the story progresses. This story shows the cruelty of people and their justification through tradition. The story begins morning of June 27. From the very beginning, irony occurs in the story. The author descr
Marshall McLuhan Com Arts 160 September 9, 2004 Marshall McLuhan was known as a visionary educator of mass media. Born on July 21, 1911 in Edmonton, Alberta, Marshall had the remarkable capability to memorize and recite poetry, monologs and speeches. He acquired such a talent from his mother, an elocutionist who was known for her theatrical performances in theater and local churches. At first Marshall wanted to become and engineer, though his mind quickly changed after he began attending the Uni
Sanay Muhammad Umar Saeed My name is “Sanay Muhammad Umar Saeed”. “Sanay Muhammad” means, “praise of Muhammad” (peace be upon him) and “Umar” after second caliph of Islam. Saeed is my family name. I belong to noble and mediocre family. The wealth of my family is education that can’t be stolen. I have two elder brothers. One is doctor and other has mastered in computer science. My father is employed in N.D.C. Before coming to COMSATS boarding, I have been living in Wah Cantt since my birth on Dec
On a Favourite Cat, Drowned in a Tub of Gold Fishes and A Correct Compassion Discuss the shifts of register and their effects in the following two poems: Thomas Gray, “On a Favourite Cat, Drowned in a Tub of Gold Fishes” and James Kirkup, “A Correct Compassion”. You should make use of the following terms where appropriate: field, tenor, mode, intertextuality. The shift of register and the effect it has in poetry can make a major impact on the reader. Thomas Gray, “On a Favourite Cat, Drowned in
Plato on Justice and Injustice In The Republic, Plato attempts to demonstrate through the character and discourse of Socrates that justice is better than justice is the good which men must strive for, regardless of whether they could be unjust and still be rewarded. His method is to use dialectic, the asking and answering of questions which led the hearer from one point to another, supposedly with irrefutable logic by obtaining agreement to each point before going on to the next, and so building
The Symbols of Poe Engl 102 May 24, 2004 What makes literary works considered great? And furthermore, what makes them withstand the tests of time? The answer can be found in the work’s power to evoke ideas and emotions from deep within the reader. Edgar Allen Poe produced many works of morbid and intense melancholy. But, his meticulous application of poetic symbolism as well as his scholarly diction in “The Raven” conjure up images far more compelling than mere grief or despair, and it therefore
Pope’s use of Epic Conventions Narrative English ENG110Y1Y October 2, 2002 The mock-epic poem “The Rape of the Lock”, by Alexander Pope uses epic conventions to show how Belinda and other women of her position in society have corrupt and self-centered values. Alexander Pope shows this with the use of elevated language and the specific wording of the heroic couplet. The elevated language in the text gives the reader the impression that the tasks at hand are of critical importance, especially thos
Poetry Portfolio CHAPTERS, (Achievements) In 1793, Wordsworth published his first two books of verse, An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches. Each was a longish poem in heroic couplets, the dominant English verse form of the eighteenth century. Essentially backward-looking in style and sensibility, they were false starts for a radical thinker who would soon also be the most revolutionary poet of the time. He met Samuel Taylor Coleridge, a twenty-two-year-old fellow poet and radical, who alread
Romanticism The word ‘Romanticism’ has many meanings to it. Most commonly, it refers to a major period of movement in literature and poetry. According to the Norton Anthology of English Literature, this period lasted from “1785 to 1830” (1). This new type of writing, Romanticism, became known in many European countries, as well as, the United States. Most scholars would associate Romanticism with British literature more than any other. Some of the major British writers of the Romanticism period
How does William Shakespeare create tension throughout Act 3 Scene 1? From the minute the play starts the audience are aware that the “star crossed lovers” Romeo and Juliet are going to die, this makes it clear that the play is a tragedy. A Tragedy is a traditional form of theatre where the main characters in the play die as a result of their tragic flaw, for example in the tragedy play Macbeth, Macbeth’s vaulting ambition leads him to his death. Romeo and Juliet’s flaw is the powerful love betw
Seamus Heaney Seamus Heaney was born in the year of 1939 on a farm called “Mossbawn”, in the county of Derry, Ireland. In many of Heaney’s poems, we can see his own personal approach to the subject. In the four poems I am reviewing, his themes are that of : - the Irish landscape - prehistoric ritual killings and the contemporary killings of today in the North - deep love for his wife - fading tradition/ time and change *I am starting off with Heaney’s poem called “Bogland”. The themes of this po
Studying Drama Semester: WS 2003/2004 Abgabetermin: 8. Dezember 2003 Summary of Michael Patterson\'s: “Studying Drama” The text „Studying Drama“ written by Michael Patterson deals with the question how drama as a literary genre really works and with its development from its origins in Ancient Greece till nowadays. At the beginning of the text Patterson exemplifies the general characteristics of a play. In a play environment and setting are not described directly to the reader like in a novel tho
Sudden Death in Poetry 1 Sudden death and the fact of dieing is something everyone must face. Some of us however, may not know death is coming, or some may be faced directly with death. Two poems, “Sir Patrick Spence” by an Anonymous author, and “Out, Out” by Robert Frost, have both similarities and differences when reviewing the literary elements of theme, tone, and style. These literary elements help tie in the topic of sudden death throughout these intriguing poems. Certain elements throughou
Adolf Hitler 1 "In any accounting of the millennium\'s monsters, first place must go to the ruler who made genocide a multinational industry-Adolf Hitler. The scale of enterprise boggles the mind: freight trains carrying Jews to human stockyards from across Nazi-occupied Europe; victims worked to death, shot, or gassed; corpses incinerated or processed into soap; gold teeth harvested for the coffers of the Reich" (Time 123). How and why Adolf Hitler became the man that changed the meaning of sla
An Essay Study of Poetry and A Poet\'s Ability to Forsee The Future The world is changing and evolving at an astounding rate. Within the last one hundred years, the Western community has seen advances in technology and medicine that has improved the lifestyles and longevity of almost every individual. Within the last two hundred years, we have seen two World Wars, and countless disputes over false borders created by colonialists, slavery, and every horrid form of human suffering imaginable! Huma
Perfectly Poetic T.S. Eliot once said of Blake\'s writings, "The Songs of Innocence and the Songs of Experience, and the poems from the Rossetti manuscripts, are the poems of a man with a profound interest in human emotions, and a profound knowledge of them." (Grant, Pg 507) These two famous books of poetry written by William Blake, not only show men\'s emotions and feelings, but explain within themselves, the child\'s innocence, and man\'s experience. A little over two centuries ago, William Bl
E.E. Cummings E.E. Cummings is the author of many well-known poems. He has a huge collection of poems that are greatly respected. The poems he has written are very different in style than many other poems that have been written by other authors. E.E. was very involved in the transcendentalism era of writing. In one work of his he incorporated the battle of aging and youth. E.E. Cummings displays complex and original poetic structures in “old age sticks”. E.E. Cummings lived during the early 1900
Writing History Although I dislike writing, I have written many journals, personal letters, and academic papers. English is not my primary language. I enjoy reading what is written in this language more than writing it. Maybe it is due to the fact that I have never written a paper that can please me. In fact, I admire and envy the work others have done, especially poetry. Although I had attended English lessons in junior high and high school, I never really focus on my writing until I attended c
Cultural Values as a Mirror of French Literature The literature of a country is affected and influenced by how the people of that country live. This paper will prove that The French Revolution greatly influenced 19th Century French Romanticism. First, the cultural values of the revolution will be identified. Then, the different aspects of Romanticism will be presented. The cultural values of The French Revolution and Romanticism will then be linked. Finally, literary examples will be shown to su
Marvell\'s Use of Sound in "To His Coy Mistress" At first glance, Andrew Marvel\'s poem "To His Coy Mistress" is a fairly typical carpe diem poem, in which the speaker tells his beloved that they should "seize the day" and have sex now instead of waiting until they are married. Today, the speaker\'s speech may seem sexist in its attitude toward women and irresponsible in its attitude toward the coy mistress (the speaker doesn\'t explain how he would seize the day if the woman became pregnant, fo
The Catcher in the Rye In J.D. Salinger\'s The Catcher in the Rye, the first person narration is critical in helping the reader to know and understand the main character, Holden Caulfield. Holden, in his narration, relates a flashback of a significant period of his life, three days and nights on his own in New York City. Through his narration, Holden discloses to the reader his innermost thoughts and feelings. He thus provides the reader not only with information of what occurred, but also how h
Emily Dickinson My Life Closed Twice Before Its Close My life closed twice before its close-- It yet remains to see If Immortality unveil A third event to me So huge, so hopeless to conceive As these that twice befell. Parting is all we know of heaven, And all we need of hell. A paradox is a statement which contains apparently opposing or incongrous elements which, when read together, turn out to make sense. The first line is paradoxical in that there are separate meanings for the words "closed"
Dover Beach and The Darkling Thrush The words and phrases of Dover Beach and The Darkling Thrush clearly show the “gloom” and darkness in each poem. Sadness is often found in poetry, as poets use words and phrases to express their most profound feelings. These two poems are no exception, and the intentions of the writers are obvious. They are telling mankind’s perception of existence, and the darkness that is often within this perception. The poem Dover Beach is about the ebbs and flows of the s