Medicine The history of medicine is like a huge puzzle, and it has taken many tortuous and gruesome routes to try to fit the pieces together. It has gone from ancient myths that attempted to explain disease to the great capabilities of today\'s medicine. The first crude forms of medicine go back to prehistoric man. Even before man appeared on earth, disease existed in the animals that roamed here. Fossils, bones, and teeth can be used to see how prehistoric man fell to disease. Imagine a sickly
Nurses Upholders and health educators for patients, families, and communities, I did my report on Registered Nurses. There are all sorts of fields one could go into. For example, you have hospital, office, home health, nursing home, public health, occupational health nurses, supervisors, nurse practitioners and other advanced practice nurses such as clinical nurse specialists, certified nurse anesthetists, and certified nurse midwives. Among the list of things to go through to be a nurse, a nurs
SENILITY Senility is a disease commonly referred to as dementia. It affects 4 million Americans every year and is a major cause of disability in old age (Bunch, 1997, p. 106). Its prevalence increases with age (Bunch, 1997, p. 106). Dementia is characterized by a permanent memory deficit affecting recent memory in particular and of sufficient severity to interfere with the patient\'s ability to take part in professional and social activities (Bunch, 1997, p. 106). Although the aging process is a
Niels Henrik David Bohr Niels Henrik David Bohr was born in 1805 in Copenhagen. He was the son of a physiology professor, and was educated at the University of Copenhagen, where he earned his doctorate in 1911. That same year he went to Cambridge, England, to study nuclear physics under the British physicist Sir Joseph John Thomson, but he soon moved to Manchester to work with another British physicist, Ernest Rutherford. Bohr’s theory of atomic structure won him the Nobel Prize in physics in 19
Creatine in Professional Sports 11-30-98 Scott Vocoun Heath & Hygiene 35 Creatine in Professional Sports Should a professional athletes be allowed to utilize creatine monohydrate to enhance the quality of their athletic ability? As of lately, this has been a very frequently asked question. The media was all over Mark McGuire about using andrestene after beginning supplemental intake with creatine. This media attention is what brought controversy to the name creatine. As a result of this controve
THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM DESCRIPTION The digestive system consists of an alimentary canal with accessory organs . The alimentary canal is made up of the oral cavity , pharynx , esophagus , stomach , and small intestine , which has three parts , the duodenum , jejunum , and the ileum ,the large intestine which consists of the cecum and the vermiform appendix , the ascending colon , transverse colon , the descending colon , the sigmoid colon , the rectum and anal canal .The accessory organs are the te
Marijuana Cannabis Cannabis names any of a number of families of bushy cane plants (including cannabis sativa, cannabis indica, and cannabis ruderalis.) Different members of these families have adapted or been bred for various purposes. Despite the variety of uses these plants posess, policy has kept cultivation of any cannbis plant illegal in many countries around the globe. Hemp Cannabis bred for industrial use is often referred to as industrial hemp. Hemp appears to be a very promising natura
Lucid Dreaming Dreams Lucid Dreaming Dreams are the playground of the mind. Anything can happen when one is dreaming. The only limitation is that we only rarely realize the freedoms granted to us in our dreams while we have them. Lucid dreaming is the ability to know when one is dreaming, and be able to influence what will be dreamt. A normal dream is much like passively watching a movie take place in your skull. In a lucid dream, the dreamer is the writer, director, and star of the movie. Lucid
Charles Darwin and the Development and impact of the Theory of Evolution by Natural and Sexual Selection Introduction It is commonly thought today that the theory of evolution originated from Darwin in the nineteenth century. However, the idea that species mutate over time has been around for a long time in one form or another. Therefore, by Darwin’s time the idea that species change from one type into another was by no means new, but was rejected by most because the proponents of evolution coul
Breakthroughs in Astronomy and Medicine in the 16th and 17th Centuries It was during the 16th and 17th centuries when man\'s view of the unvierse and himself changed drastically. This came after a millenium of repetition and stagnation in the development of science. People finally began questioning what they were told, and they went out to find proof rather than assuming on the basis of authority and common sense. These advances in astronomy and medicine came about in the same era, and were not
THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Changes in altitude have a profound effect on the human body. The body attempts to maintain a state of homeostasis or balance to ensure the optimal operating environment for its complex chemical systems. Any change from this homeostasis is a change away from the optimal operating environment. The body attempts to correct this imbalance. One such imbalance is the effect of increasing altitude on the body\'s ability to provide adequate oxygen to be utili
The Human Heart Biology - Histology Abstract: Dorland\'s Illustrated Medical Dictionary defines the heart as "the viscus of cardiac muscle that maintains the circulation of the blood". It is divided into four cavities; two atria and two ventricles. The left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs. From there the blood passes to the left ventricle, which forces it via the aorta, through the arteries to supply the tissues of the body. The right atrium receives the blood after it has passed
Salinity I chose to experiment with the effects of salinity changes on the polychaete, Nereis succinea. Along with the other members of the group, Patty and Jeremy, I was curious to see whether the worms would engage in adaptive behavior when placed in a tank of water of foreign salinity, or whether they would simply continue changing osmotically until they reached equilibrium with the environment. The first step in our experiment was to simply observe the worms and get a “feel” for the ways in
Bipolar Affective Disorder The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. Even the great painter Vincent Van Gogh is believed to have had bipolar disorder. It is clear that in our society many people live with bipolar disorder; however, despite the abundance of people suffering from the it, we are still waiting for definite explanations for the causes and cure. The one fact of which we ar
Bipolar Disorder Psyc 103 Fall 95 The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. Even the great painter Vincent Van Gogh is believed to have had bipolar disorder. It is clear that in our society many people live with bipolar disorder; however, despite the abundance of people suffering from the it, we are still waiting for definite explanations for the causes and cure. The one fact of whic
EVOLUTION TABLE OF CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION ............................................... 2 DARWINIAN THEORY OF EVOLUTION .............................. 4 THE THEORY OF BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION: CONTRIBUTING ELEMENTS ....................... 7 WALLACE\'S CONTRIBUTIONS ................................... 13 HARDY-WEINBERG PRINCIPLE .................................. 15 COMPARISON: LAMARCK vs. DARWIN ........................... 16 DARWIN\'S INFLUENCES ....................................... 20 METH
Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud\'s views continue to influence the contemporary practices of many psychologists today. Many theories of psychology have been influenced by Freud\'s psychoanalytic method. Many of his basic concepts are still used by many theorists. Known as the "father of psychology," Freud\'s ideas toward the science will be remembered, studied and utilized by many psychologists for years to come. In this paper I am going to discuss the life of Freud, his ideas toward the science, an
Honey Bees INTRODUCTION This paper deals with the importance, use by humans and culture of honey bees. Honey Bees are the highest form of insect life(1) and live in a well organized colony that does not need to hibernate(8). They produce honey and store it in wax comb and use the same hive from one year to the next. One hive contains 35,000 to 50,000 bees. TAXONOMY Honey bees belong to class Insectae, order Hymenoptera , family Apidae, genus Apis, species Apis mellifera (honey carrying bee)(8).
The Dodo Bird Scientific and Common Name: When Portuguese sailors first arrived on an uninhabited island a bird greeted them without fear. Since the bird had never seen a human before, it had no reason to be afraid. The sailors thought that the bird was stupid so they named it dodo, Portuguese for fool. The scientific name is Raphus cucullatus; the dodo was also referred to as a dronte. Another theory of how the dodo got it\'s name is that the Portuguese tried to imitate the "doo" like noise the
Ancient Egypt The Old Kingdom which was from about 2755-2255 BC, spanned five centuries of rule by the 3rd through the 6th dynasties. The capital was in the north, at Memphis, and the ruling monarchs held absolute power over a strongly unified government. Religion played an important role, as recorded in Egyptian mythology. In fact, the government had evolved into a theocracy, wherein the pharaohs, as the rulers were called, were both absolute monarchs and, possibly, gods on earth. A Golden Age
HISTORY OF BASKETBALL Dr. James Naismith is known world-wide as the inventor of Basketball. He was born in 1861 in Ramsay township, near Almonte, Ontario, Canada. The concept of basketball was born from his school days in the area where he played a simple child\'s game called duck-on-a-rock outside of his schoolhouse. The game had a purpose to knock a "duck" off the top of a large rock by throwing another rock at it. Naismith then went on to attend McGill University in Montreal, Quebec,Canada. A
Theory of Evolution Title of Paper : Theory of Evolution Grade Received on Report : 87 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION ............................................... 2 DARWINIAN THEORY OF EVOLUTION .............................. 4 THE THEORY OF BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION: CONTRIBUTING ELEMENTS ....................... 7 WALLACE\'S CONTRIBUTIONS ................................... 13 HARDY-WEINBERG PRINCIPLE .................................. 15 COMPARISON: LAMARCK vs. DARWIN ......................
2nd Class Citizens in Greek Society Title of Paper : 2nd Class Citizens in Greek Society Grade Received on Report : 94 Throughout human history the roles of women and men have been defined in part by physiology and in part by the attitudes conveyed by those who hold power and influence. In ancient history, societies were centered around women and the worshipping of goddesses. These roles changed quickly as hunting and warfare became increasingly more important and women\'s less powerful physique
STDs In the world we live in, there are many diseases which are so deadly to the point where there is no cure for the disease. At one’s first thought, most would think of AIDS, herpes, or maybe alshimers. However one might not consider Hepatitis, because a vaccine has been developed for types of the disease. Hepatitis can be caught and can also be hereditary. It is a disease to which there is no cure for but can be contained. A person may have hepatitis for many years and still not be aware that
History and Philosophy of Medicine: Bodies in History Examine the ways in which psycho-social and sexual problems became medicalised in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Were men and women affected differently by this process? A typical approach to the examination of the history of medicine involves constructing a time line upon which are placed a series of ‘breakthroughs’ which are judged for their contribution to current knowledge. This purely technical rationale does not provide t
Ethology The biological study of animal behavior is called Ethology. All behavior is a reaction to a stimulus. John B. Watson influenced animal behavior in the twentieth century. He published a book in 1924 called Behaviorism. Jakob von Uexkull and O. Heinroth started a school that taught about animal behavior. There are two categories of animal behavior: "genetically determined" or "environmentally determined." Animal behavior is the different ways that animals do different things, such as hunt
Animal Experimentation I. Statement of the proposition: Animal testing for the purposes of drugs and cosmetics should be banned. II. Introduction. A. The use of animal testing should be allowed to be used when testing for drugs and cosmetics for two major reasons. 1. Animal testing has helped bring us to the modern era, where we enjoy longer life spans, and better health in general 2. Now more than ever we need animal testing to help find the answers to terminal diseases such as cancer and AIDS.
Evolution The theory of evolution, as set forth by Charles Darwin in 1859, stated that all plant and animal life evolved over long periods of time from simple to more complicated forms through mutation and adaptation. He also taught that only the fittest of each species would survive. He further postulated that the first living cell evolved in a "warm warm little pond" and that it took billions of years for the present diversity of living things to evolve. At the time, it was thought that the fe
Genetic Engineering, history and future Altering the Face of Science Science is a creature that continues to evolve at a much higher rate than the beings that gave it birth. The transformation time from tree-shrew, to ape, to human far exceeds the time from analytical engine, to calculator, to computer. But science, in the past, has always remained distant. It has allowed for advances in production, transportation, and even entertainment, but never in history will science be able to so deeply af
Ptolemy Introduction In ancient times there were many great ideas which began to shape the way man perceived his environment. However, there were few minds who were able to put all of these ideas together. One of these minds belonged to Claudius Ptolemy, or just Ptolemy as he is commonly referred to. We know almost nothing of the chronology of Ptolemy\'s life, and we don\'t even know his birth or death dates. We do know, though, about his ideas in several fields, which include geography, astrono
Feminism Generally, feminism means the advocacy of women\'s rights to full citizenship--that is, political, economic, and social equality with men. Feminism encompasses some widely differing views, however, including those advocating female separatism. Modern feminism, which was born with the great democratic revolutions of the 18th century (American and French), differed from its precursors in applying the democratic implications of "the rights of man and the citizen" to women as a group. Abiga