Physiology

History of Basketball Who is known world-wide as the inventor of basketball? His name is Dr. James Naismith, he was born in 1861 in Almonte, Ontario. Most people wonder were a young man would think of a game like basketball. The concept of basketball was born from his school days in the area where he played a simple child\'s game known as duck-on-a-rock outside his one-room schoolhouse. The game involved attempting to knock a "duck" off the top of a large rock by tossing another rock at it. Nais
Massage Therapy The practice of massage therapy is rapidly growing in the United States. It has numerous benefits to offer and is becoming more widely accepted as a medical practice by doctors and the general public. Massage is defined as: …the systematic manual or mechanical manipulations of the soft tissues of the body by such movements as rubbing, kneading, pressing, rolling, slapping, and tapping, for therapeutic purposes such as promoting circulation of the blood and lymph, relaxation of mu
Animal Experimentation Introduction Animal experimentation has been a part of biomedical and behavioral research for several millennia; experiments with animals were conducted in Greece over 2,000 years ago. Many advances in medicine and in the understanding of how organisms function have been the direct result of animal experimentation. Concern over the welfare of laboratory animals is also not new, as reflected in the activities of various animal welfare and antivivisectionist groups dating ba
Chinese Medicine Traditional medicine of China has a long historical and cultural background dating back about 2500 years. The ancient Chinese people were able to reach a level of social stability that included the ability to treat disease of emotional, physical, and spiritual origins. Although a belief in spirits as the cause of disease has remained in China even to the present day, the view that the body obeyed a natural order struck a chord in the intellectual elite of ancient China. It was t
Chinese Medicine Chinese Medicine Traditional medicine of China has a long historical and cultural background dating back about 2500 years. The ancient Chinese people were able to reach a level of social stability that included the ability to treat disease of emotional, physical, and spiritual origins. Although a belief in spirits as the cause of disease has remained in China even to the present day, the view that the body obeyed a natural order struck a chord in the intellectual elite of ancien
COLD WAR Less than a year after the end of World War II, the great wartime leader of Britain, Winston Churchill gave a speech at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri. After receiving an honorary degree and being introduced by President Harry Truman, he delivered a historic speech. Churchill said, “ It is my duty to place before you certain facts about the present position in Europe. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an Iron Curtain has descended across the Continent. Behi
Vivisection Many people today, including scientists and doctors, are questioning the suffering and killing of animals for the sake of human beings. Is it morally correct to dissect a frog or a worm for the purpose of educating a high school student? On the other hand, must "We study life to protect life" (1:131) The issue of killing animals for the use of biomedical research, education, and cosmetics can be referred as "vivisection". Twenty-five to thirty-five million animals are spared in the U
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an important element of the Women’s Rights Movement, but not many people know of her significance or contributions because she has been overshadowed by her long time associate and friend, Susan B. Anthony. However, I feel that she was a woman of great importance who was the driving force behind the 1848 Convention, played a leadership role in the women’s rights movement for the next fifty years, and in the words of Henry Thomas, “She was the arch
History Of Physicians Assistant (this paper is very precise with several pages explaining the books that I read and even the list of pages of every piece that I had cited. I recieved a A for this paper and it is 15 pages long History of the Physicians Assistant Occupation Jayme K. Hansen 13 December 1999 Course: LC 393 Professor: Ettinger, Laura The year is 1959, and Mr. Scott has had a migraine headache for the past few weeks and so he drives to the local Potsdam Hospital. The poignant antisept
Dinosaurs Dinosaur is the name of large extinct reptiles of the Mesozoic Era, during which they were the dominant land animals on Earth. The term was proposed as a formal zoologic name in 1842 by the British anatomist Sir Richard Owen, in reference to large fossil bones unearthed in southern England. The various kinds of dinosaurs are classified in two formal categories, the orders Saurischia and Ornithischia, within the subclass Archosauria. The first recorded dinosaur remains found consisted o
Dinosaurs DINOSAURS Dinosaur is the name of large extinct reptiles of the Mesozoic Era, during which they were the dominant land animals on Earth. The term was proposed as a formal zoologic name in 1842 by the British anatomist Sir Richard Owen, in reference to large fossil bones unearthed in southern England. The various kinds of dinosaurs are classified in two formal categories, the orders Saurischia and Ornithischia, within the subclass Archosauria. The first recorded dinosaur remains found c
Bipolar Affective Disorder The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. Even the great painter Vincent Van Gogh is believed to have had bipolar disorder. It is clear that in our society many people live with bipolar disorder; however, despite the abundance of people suffering from the it, we are still waiting for definate explanations for the causes and cure. The one fact of which we ar
Gender Roles Children learn from their parents and society the conception of "feminine" and "masculine." Much about these conceptions is not biological at all but cultural. The way we tend to think about men and women and their gender roles in society constitute the prevailing paradigm that influences out thinking. Riane Eisler points out that the prevailing paradigm makes it difficult for us to analyze properly the roles of men and women in prehistory "we have a cultural bias that we bring to t
Life Of Arthur Conan Doyle Life of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, a British physician who later devoted his life to writing, has become one of the most popular and widespread authors and creators of all time. Doyle\'s early childhood years to his later years in life have allowed him to observe many sophisticated yet adventurous paths, in which have inspired him greatly to become an influence on spiritualistic views as an author and crusader. His interests and achievements in medi
ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH An abbreviation is a shorter way to write a word or phrase. People use abbreviations for words that they write a lot. The English language often uses the apostrophe mark \' to show that a word is written in a shorter way, but some abbreviations do not use this mark. Some abbreviations use the period mark, especially the ones that come from the Latin language. Some examples of common English abbreviations are don\'t for do not , shouldn\'t for should not , etc. for et cet
Congestive Heart Failure NS2: Aging 7 Long-term Care October 26, 2003 Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure is a condition in which a weakened heart cannot pump enough blood to body organs resulting in the blood to backing up into body tissues. It is the most common cause of disability in the elderly. “More than 75 percent of patients with congestive heart failure are over the age of 65 years” (Porth, 2004, p. 337). The New York Heart Association classifies CHF into four categories.
Competitive Advantage in Tourism and Hospitality Organizations Introduction Hospitality and tourism are closely related fields. These fields have grown together and have assumed the form of well-established industries in many economies today. The magnitude of these industries have grown so much that they contribute a significant portion to the economic revenues of some counties such as the US, European countries like Switzerland, France, Belgium and Asian countries like Malaysia, Indonesia and M
Alfred Bernhard Nobel Alfred Bernhard Nobel was born on Oct. 21, 1833, in Stockholm, Sweden, and was the fourth son of Immanuel and Caroline Nobel. Immanuel was an inventor and engineer who had married Caroline Andrietta Ahlsell in 1827. The couple had eight children, of whom only Alfred and three brothers reached adulthood. Alfred was prone to illness as a child, but he enjoyed a close relationship with his mother and displayed a lively intellectual curiosity from an early age. He was intereste
Niels Henrik David Bohr Niels Bohr is a very distinguished Danish physicist, chemist, and micro- biologist. Known for the Bohr model of the atom and his work on the Manhattan Project, Bohr worked with many renowned scientists throughout the world and even received the Nobel Peace Prize for Physics. Childhood/Family Life Niels Henrik David Bohr was born October 7, 1885, to Christian Bohr, a Physiology professor at Copenhagen University; and Ellen Adler, who came from a reputed family in the educa
Models of Psychology Biological – views human behavior in biological concepts (inheritance, genes, stress, hormones) Psychodynamic (Freud) – behavior is brought about by unconscious inner forces – uncontrollable Cognitive – how people understand and think about external world (Structuralism Functionalism) mental activities Behaviors – Observable behavior should be the focus. (J.B. Watson) Humanistic – Free will, facilitate human beings Psychology-Scientific study of human behavior and mental pro
Beyond Freedom and Dignity Beyond Freedom and Dignity. B.F. Skinner. New York: Hackett Publishing Company, 1971. 215. This book discusses B.F. Skinner’s beliefs and plans to change people in society through the use of operant conditioning. B.F. Skinner is the man widely known for the psychology of behavior, or Behaviorism. Skinner feels that if people continue to head down the path they are going, that they will be heading for total disaster. He feels that people have a great problem of looking
Gender Differences Essay #2 Are gender differences biological or society influenced? This is one of the biggest questions that has baffled scientists since the begging of modern science. Is femininity and masculinity an innate trait, or are they shaped by society? We know the gender roles that are expected in Western society, but do other cultures expect the same? To make it possibel to discuss what differences betweent the sexes are based on physiology and what differences rest on cultural idea
Introduction to Islam Allah (God) Islam is the complete submission and obedience to Allah (God). The name Allah (God) in Islam never refers to Muhammad (pbuh), as many Christians may think; Allah is the personal name of God. What do Muslims believe about Allah? 1. He is the one God, Who has no partner. 2. Nothing is like Him. He is the Creator, not created, nor a part of His creation. 3. He is All-Powerful, absolutely Just. 4. There is no other entity in the entire universe worthy of worship bes
ISLAM 570--Birth of Muhammad into Quraysh, the ruling tribe of Mecca. Islamic tradition relates miraculous signs foretelling Muhammad\'s future greatness. Orphaned and raised by an uncle Abu Talib to be a trader. 595-Muhammad marries Khadijah a rich widow several years his senior. Earns reputation of Al-Amin --the faithful, for his virtue and wisdom. 610- The Night of Power (believed to be the 26th of Ramadan)--First revelation while meditating in a cave on Mt. Hira outside Mecca. Voices and vis
Francis Crick 3/17/2004 Biology I Famous Person Francis Harry Compton Crick was born June 8, 1916 in Northampton, England. He was the first of two children born to Harry Crick and Anne Elizabeth Wilkens. Crick attended grammar school in North Hampton, but moved to North London to attend Mill High School. At age eighteen, Crick enrolled in University College where he earned his Bachelor of Science degree in Physics in 1937. In 1940, Crick and his then wife, Ruth Doreen Dodd, bore a son named Mich
In Vitro Fertilization IVF, also called In Vitro Fertilization is a new way of fertilizing eggs. There are specialists in this area and they specialize in reproductive physiology perform IVF in animals and humans. Those people help us get IVF, which works in several steps: 1. Retrieve the eggs and sperm from the bodies of the male (father) and the female (mother) 2. The eggs and sperm are placed together in a laboratory dish to facilitate fertilization 3. Fertilized eggs allow to develop in vitr
Physiological Adaptations of the Plesiosaur for ‘Holding its Breath’ One hundred and fifty million years ago, large aquatic species of reptile such as the Plesiosaur dominated the ocean, and were pre-eminent predators of the sea. The branch of now extinct Plesiosaurs, or ‘near lizards’, evolved into variant closely related species specialised to take different niches in the food chain. Such species of Plesiosaur include the phenotypically similar Plesiosauroid and Pliosauroid. The physiological
Investigating the Properties of the Enzyme Catalase Introduction The discovery of enzymes occurred accidentally in the late nineteenth century. The German chemist Eduard Buchnar had been attempting to harvest fluid derived from yeast extracts, to his exasperation the fluid extracts taken kept decaying. With the knowledge sugar acts as a preservative of fruit, Buchnar introduced sugar to his liquid extracts in the hope the sugar would preserve the yeast extracts. To his astonishment the yeast flu
Nuclear Medicine Technology Eng101 Nuclear Medicine is a profession developed as a product of the atomic age. Nuclear Medicine Technology is one of the most advanced diagnostic technologies in today’s medical field. The discipline of nuclear medicine began after radium was discovered almost a century ago. Following World War II, physicians recognized the potential medical implications of radium and developed artificial radio nuclides. Since this development the field of nuclear medicine has beco
Physiology-Homeostasis Assignment “It the fixity of the Milieu interview, which is the condition of free and independent life, and all the vital mechanisms, however varied they may be, have only one object, that of preserving constant the condition of life in the internal environment.” The above statement by Claude Bernard emphasises that the stability of an internal environment within the human body enables free and independent life, the survival of an organism through external changes. Also st
Benjamin Franklin-Scientist and Inventor American Studies May 20, 1996 Benjamin Franklin has influenced American technology, and indirectly, lifestyles by using his proficiencies and intelligence to conduct numerous experiments, arrive at theories, and produce several inventions. Franklin\'s scientific and analytical mind enabled him to generate many long lasting achievements which contributed to the development and refinement of modern technology. Few national heroes, including George Washingto
Bi-polar Disorder 12/2/98 Intro to psychology Research paper The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. Even the great painter Vincent Van Gogh is believed to have had bipolar disorder. It is clear that in our society many people live with bipolar disorder; however, despite the abundance of people suffering from the it, we are still waiting for definite explanations for the causes and
Sigmund Freud Known as the "father of psychology," Freud developed many of the first theories of modern physiology. His ideas and concepts will continue to be studied through the years. He put forth many new concepts about sexuality, consciousness, unconsciousness and instincts. He spent his whole life devoted to discovering the secrets of the human nature. Personally I think this guy was weird. Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in Freiburg. The town of Freiburg later became Pribor and was e
Russia and China Essay Gradualism is naturally the most feasible approach to any situation. Since the fall of the iron curtain, these two Communist power houses have chose to move towards democracy. China has chosen to take the natural, more gradual approach to democracy where as Russia has chosen the fast-paced, more dangerous approach. These two nations have chosen to change their economies from a collectivized command one to a market oriented one in order to increase the standard of living in
Sir Christopher Wren Sir Christopher Wren was born on Oct. 20, 1632, in East Knoyle, Wiltshire, England. Wren, the son of a rector, was the youngest child, the only boy, and delicate in health. Before Christopher was three, his father was appointed dean of Windsor, and the Wren family moved into the court. It was among the intellectuals around Charles I that the boy first developed his mathematical interests. His life at Windsor was disrupted by the outbreak of civil war in 1642. The deanery was
Steroids Steroids are a very large class of compounds which occur in all animals. The steroids used by athletes are mostly androgenic steroids: steroids which act like testosterone. The steroids used to treat inflammatory disorders (e.g. prednisolone, cortisone,beclomethasone, budesonide, dexamethasone and dozens of others) are cortico steroids and do not have anabolic effects. Testosterone in the male is produced mainly in the testis, a small amount being produced in the adrenal. It is synthesi
Artificial Intelligence The term Artificial Intelligence comes to mind when thinking about Computer Science, but what does it really mean? Artificial Intelligence is an interdisciplinary field that includes computer science, physiology, and philosophy. The combination of natural language (speaking like a human), to recognizing complex patterns in handwriting is one of the main goals most artificial intelligence scientist hope to achieve. Artificial intelligence was first coined in 1956 in a Dart
The Nature of Science 1) THE NATURE OF SCIENCE- Pitjendara tribe of Australia finds answers about nature in stones called Ayer’s Rock; it contains 2 pictures of 2 snakes; Liru and Kunia; also contains sand-lizard man digging for water. The goal of science is to understand the world around us. Scientific Method-1) Observing & state problem 2) Forming hyp. 3) Test hyp. 4) Record & analyze data 5) Form conclusion 6) Replicate work. Control exp. allow researchers to isolate & test the effects of a s
Elephants The Northern Elephant Seal may be strange and funny-looking, but their society is amazing. In the past few decades, efforts have been made to combat their dwindling numbers, while leaving them in their natural habitat, on the California coast. In order to learn how to foster their population, scientists have studied their way of life, and their population. What is particularly characteristic about elephant seals is the difference between their genders; they are significantly sexually d
Hormones Hormones regulate various aspects of development, growth, and physiology of higher plants. One of the ways that hormones can influence plants is senescence (aging). Our experiment concentrated on the effects of the hormones auxin, cytokinin, and abscisic acid upon. Senescence was calculated by studying the fluctuation of chlorophyll in Triticum aestivum (wheat) leaves. We compared the chlorophyll concentration of the wheat leaves that were treated with the hormones to the concentration
Muscles Muscle is the tough, elastic tissue that makes body parts move. All animals except the simplest kinds have some type of muscle. People use muscles to make various movements, such as walking, jumping, or throwing. Muscles also help in performing activities necessary for growth and for maintaining a strong, healthy body. For example, people use muscles in the jaw to chew food. Other muscles help move food through the stomach and intestines, and aid in digestion. Muscles in the heart and bl
Physical Fitness Wellness centers, health clubs, gyms and spas are all dedicated to overall fitness and well being. Day in and day out, people across the country participate in workout routines, aerobics classes and various types of exercises in any one of these facilities. In the Lafayette area, three of the most popular fitness clubs to attend are Red Lerille’s, Shades for women, and Our Lady of Lourdes Regional Medical Center. For this assignment all three of these facilities were contacted f
Gerontology Gerontology is the study of old age, stressing the social and behavioral looks of aging. Although aging is a lifelong process and changes in its effects on individual people, old age has been generally stated as beginning at the age of 65. Since 1920 the number of people living to old age in society has increased greatly, (Encarta). Students completing the Minor in Gerontology or the Gerontology Certificate program use their background to work wither directly in the field of aging or
The Cardiovascular Field The Cardiovascular field is a high-tech medical field where technologists and nurses assist cardiologists diagnose and treat heart disease. Within cardiovascular technology there are two specialties - invasive and noninvasive. Invasive cardiovascular technologists assist cardiologists and surgeons in such surgical areas as cardiac catheterization, angioplasty, pacemaker insertion, and open heart surgery. Cardiac catheterization is where small catheters are inserted throu
SIGMUND FREUD THE FATHER OF MODERN PSYCHOLOGY Sigmund Freud was born in 1856 and died in 1939. He was a successful psysiologist, medical doctor, and psychologist. He was recognized as one of the most influential and respected thinkers of the twentieth century. He originally worked in close association with Joseph Bruer, and created the theory of psychology. He refined teh concept of the unconscious, of infatile sexuality, of repression, and proposed a tri-partite account of the mind\'s structure
The Cardiovascular System Compare and contrast the cardiovascular responses to exercise in a normal individual with an individual who has had a heart transplant. The cardiovascular system consists of a pump (the heart) and a series of tubes that enable the collection and distribution of blood to groups of thin vessels where exchange may occur with the nearby tissues. This continuous circulation is required to deliver nutrients, oxygen and other vital items to tissues around the body that need th
Robert Boyle The English scene of the seventeenth century is a particularly rich one with regard to its contributions to the scientific revolution. The discovery and development of America moved Britain from the edge of the civilized world into the center of the new world, in which the sciences were to play a major role. During this period, in the field of chemistry, theories which offered direct opposition to Aristotelian natural philosophy and Paracelsian principles were rapidly disseminating.
Hepatitis In the world we live in, there are many diseases which are so deadly to the point where there is no cure for the disease. At one\'s first thought, most would think of AIDS, herpes, or maybe alshimers. However one might not consider Hepatitis, because a vaccine has been developed for types of the disease. Hepatitis can be caught and can also be hereditary. It is a disease to which there is no cure for but can be contained. A person may have hepatitis for many years and still not be awar
ALFRED NOBEL\'S WILL I, the undersigned, Alfred Bernhard Nobel, do hereby, after mature deliberation, declare the following to be my last Will and Testament with respect to such property as may be left by me at the time of my death: To my nephews, Hjalmar and Ludvig Nobel, the sons of my brother Robert Nobel, I bequeath the sum of Two Hundred Thousand Crowns each; To my nephew Emanuel Nobel, the sum of Three Hundred Thousand, and to my niece Mina Nobel, One Hundred Thousand Crowns; To my brother
ZOOLOGIST Job Description: Zoologists study animal life. They study the development, origin, structure, heredity, classification, population, physiology, ecology, disease, and behavior of animals. Most of the time, they study the functiom, process, and structure of a particular animal. The duties of zoologists vary widely. It can vary from assisting in field studies to computer programming to DNA and RNA studies and genetic manipulations to biochemical analysis as well as collection and identifi