Albert Einstein from Start to Finish Albert Einstien was born on March 14, 1879 in Alum, Germany. He was born with extreme deformities, however he out grew them except for his misshapen head. He was a late talker to add to his problems. He was branded as a loner because he had no love for anyone but his mother who he spent all of his childhood with. He was also considered a Jeckell and Hide. Albert Einstein was considered mentally retarded as a young child. This was because he simply chose to do
The Holy Trinity A.P. Art History Masaccio: The Holy Trinity Grunewald: The Isenheim Altarpiece (closed) The Holy Trinity by Masaccio was done approximately 1428. It is a superb example of Masaccio\'s use of space and perspective. It consists of two levels of unequal height. Christ is represented on the top half, in a coffered, barrel-vaulted chapel. On one side of him is the Virgin Mary, and on the other, St. John. Christ himself is supported by God the Father, and the Dove of the Holy Spirit r
Washington Biography George Washington was born in Virginia on Feb. 22, 1732 to Augustine Washington and his second wife, Mary Ball Washington. George spent his early years on the family estate on Pope\'s Creek along the Potomac River. His early education came by way of studying mathematics, surveying, the classics, and "rules of civility." His father died in 1743. This caused George to live with his half brother Lawrence at Mount Vernon, Lawrence\'s plantation on the Potomac. Lawrence became a
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician, physicist and astronomer. He is considered to be the greatest mathematician of his time, equal to the likes of Archimedes and Isaac Newton. He is frequently called the founder of modern mathematics. It must also be noted that his work in the fields of astronomy and physics (especially the study of electromagnetism) is nearly as significant as that in mathematics. He also contributed much to crystallography, optic
John Maynard Keynes John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946) is regarded as the father of modern Macroeconomics. Keynes was the son of an eminent English economists, Jon Neville Keynes, ho was a lecturer in economics and logic at Cambridge University. John Maynard Keynes was born in Cambridge, England and educated at Eton College and Cambridge University. There Keynes was educated on mathematics and probability theory, but he chose the field of economics to pursue. He chose economics when he accepted a l
Computer Science Study of the theory, experimentation, and engineering that form the basis for the design and use of computers—devices that automatically process information. Computer science traces its roots to work done by English mathematician Charles Babbage, who first proposed a programmable mechanical calculator in 1837. Until the advent of electronic digital computers in the 1940s, computer science was not generally distinguished as being separate from mathematics and engineering. Since t
The Life of Richard Feynman Richard Feynman was a physicist who was born in Far Rockaway, near New York City, in 1918. He lived there until he left to attend university at the Michigan Institute of Technology. He studied there for four years, and then went to Princeton University where he finished his studies. After that, he moved to Los Alamos, Cornell, and lastly Caltech. During this time, he was married three times. He died in 1988 from cancer. Feynman’s Work on the Bomb After Feynman had gra
The Holy Trinity The Holy Trinity by Masaccio was done in approximately 1428. It is a superb example of Masaccio\'s use of space and perspective. It consists of two levels of unequal height. Christ is represented on the top half, in a covered, barrel-vaulted chapel. On one side of him is the Virgin Mary, and on the other, St. John. God the Father supports Christ himself, and the Dove of the Holy Spirit rests on Christ\'s halo. In front of the pilasters that enframe the chapel kneel the donors (h
John Wallis John Wallis was born on November 23, 1616 in Ashford, Kent, England.When Wallis moved from his school in Ashford to Tenterden, he showed his potential for the first time as a scholar. In 1630 he went to Felted where he became proficient in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. He later went to Emanual College Cambridge and became first interested in mathematics. Because nobody at Cambridge at this time could direct his mathematical studies, his main topic of study became divinity and was ordaine
Science and Technology during the Middle Ages The main purpose of this research paper is to de-scribe the transition of religion and superstition to science and technology during the Middle Ages. According to philosophy, the Middle Ages were di-vided into two distinct eras: The Age of Superstition and The Age of Enlightenment. These two periods were not separated by a definite date and time, but rather many years of gradual realization and awareness. This kind of perception is what creates histo
Philosophy Philosophy originated from the Greek language. It is made up of two words: "philein" which means to love and "sophia" which means wisdom. There are three fundamental questions in the field of philosophy which are referred to as the Existential Concerns. "What can I know?", "What ought I to do?", "What is the meaning of life and my place in the universe?" These complex questions are discussed in the basic areas of philosophy. Epistemology is the theory of knowledge. The major question
Thomas Jefferson No golden eagle, warm from the stamping press of the mint, is more sharply impressed with its image and superscription than was the formative period of our government by the genius and personality of Thomas Jefferson. Standing on the threshold of the nineteenth century, no one who attempted to peer down the shadowy vista, saw more clearly than he the possibilities, the perils, the pitfalls and the achievements that were within the grasp of the Nation. None was inspired by purer
MEXICO Mexico, officially the United States of Mexico, is a huge country rich in cultural diversity where the past plays an important role in shaping the present day development. When “discovered” Mexico was home to 10 million people living in highly disciplined and organized societies. The native civilization became the foundation upon which the colonial empire was built. Mexico endured 300 years of colonial domination and has historically been exploited in one form or another by foreign powers
Acient Mathematics The earliest records of advanced, organized mathematics date back to the ancient Mesopotamian country of Babylonia and to Egypt of the 3rd millennium BC. There mathematics was dominated by arithmetic, with an emphasis on measurement and calculation in geometry and with no trace of later mathematical concepts such as axioms or proofs. The earliest Egyptian texts, composed about 1800 BC, reveal a decimal numeration system with separate symbols for the successive powers of 10 (1,
Athens Athens has been around for 2,500 years. Athens is the capitol of Greece and largest city of Greece. Athens is on a small plain that lies southward to the Saronic Gulf, a branch of the Aegean Sea. Athens has an area of 427 sq./km. (165 sq./mi. ) and a population of 3,096,775. Athens is surrounded by mountains: Aigaleos to the west, Parnes to the north, Pentelikon to the northeast, and Hymettus to the east. All four of the mountains is made up of either marble or limestone. Athens has a typ
Differential Equations Introduction Calculus is one of the most powerful and useful branches in the field of mathematics. It has been a major contributor to our knowledge of physics and engineering. Even though this field is so vast and complicated, it is only sub-divided into two major groups. These two branches being Differential and Integral Calculus. Combining the branches, we are able to achieve a higher goal; finding the solution to a differential equation. First, the basis of differential
The American Civil War I. INTRODUCTION The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the events surrounding the end of the American Civil War. This war was a war of epic proportion. Never before and not since have so many Americans died in battle. The American Civil War was truly tragic in terms of human life. In this document, I will speak mainly around those involved on the battlefield in the closing days of the conflict. Also, reference will be made to the leading men behind the Union and Confed
Leonardo da Vinci The life of the extremely talented artist, and brilliant scientist, Leonardo da Vinci began on the date of April 15, 1452 during the Renaissance; in the town of Vinci, Italy. His parents were Peiro da Vinci, and a beautiful young woman named Caterina. From a very young age he discovered his artistic skills and became an apprentice to a famous Renaissance master. For many years he worked on very beautiful paintings for people such as Duke Lodovico Sforza, and many other importan
Thomas Jefferson AUTOBIOGRAPHY by Thomas Jefferson 1743 - 1790 With the Declaration of Independence January 6, 1821 At the age of 77, I begin to make some memoranda and state some recollections of dates & facts concerning myself, for my own more ready reference & for the information of my family. The tradition in my father\'s family was that their ancestor came to this country from Wales, and from near the mountain of Snowdon, the highest in Gr. Br. I noted once a case from Wales in the law repo
Time Travel The topic of this research paper is perhaps best introduced by an excerpt from the document on which it is based. It seems to me that a few preliminary remarks and disclaimers are in order. In the course of my electronic archival investigations, I happened upon a particularly interesting, if somewhat unbelievable, document. At this juncture, the chronology of the supposed names and events is baffling to me. I do not purport to understand the entire affair as of yet. I have enlisted t
College Admissions Essay China is the most populated country in the world, she is opening her market nowadays and experts in any field would find great opportunities. I also understand that my country especially needs expert in the field of technology. Advanced countries like United States, Japan are civilized, computerized. How can I contribute to make it happen in my country? As a very little child, my mom always scolded me that I destroyed my toys by disassembling them, to find out what they
Adolf Hilter At half past six on the evening of April 20th, 1889 a child was born in the small town of Branau, Austria. The name of the child was Adolf Hitler. He was the son of a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his third wife Klara. As a young boy Adolf attended church regularly and sang in the local choir. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a pretty good student. He received good marks in most of his c
THE ROOTS OF CHRISTIANITY Religion is an impulse to explain. A natural impulse that everyone has and everyone one grapples with. It’s an impulse that, sadly and ironically, has been exploited to convince people to take actions that defy and demean that impulse. These exploiters are the ruling elite of nearly every society, in every era. It’s not hard to understand the false sense of security and comfort of faith that religion provides. Religious faith, which is a set of rules, is a tool used by
Is Psychology a Science? In order to answer this question it is important to understand the definitions of both psychology and science. The word \'psychology\' comes from the Greek \'psyche\' (or soul) and \'logos\' (or study), which came to be known as the \'study of the soul\'. The American Heritage Dictionary defines psychology as: 1. the science dealing with the mind and with mental and emotional processes 2. the science of human and animal behavior. In its pure definition the dictionary has
Galileo Galileo was born near Pisa, on February 15, 1564. His father, Vincenzo Galilei, played an important role in the musical revolution from medieval polyphony to harmonic modulation. Galileo was taught by monks at Vallombrosa and then entered the University of Pisa in 1581 to study medicine. He soon turned to philosophy and mathematics, leaving the university without a degree in 1585. For a time, he tutored privately and wrote on hydrostatics and natural motions, but he did not publish them.
Gothic Styles Dylan Valade AH 101-57 15 Oct. 1998 Dr. Koch I. A religious basis is one of the few similarities Gothic cathedrals and Greek temples share. The enormous size and intricate details of each building show the city\'s wealth, power, and pride. The interior of Gothic cathedrals depends on natural light while it\'s the exterior of Greek temples that benefits from sunlight. Temples and cathedrals serve mainly to present a physical way for people to feel more spiritual. These buildings ser
Science Report Armstrong, Neil Alden: American astronaut, born in 1930 in Wapakoneta, Ohio. He served as a pilot in the U.S. Navy during the Korean War. After graduating from Purdue University, he joined the National Aeronautics and Space Administration In 1966, Armstrong was command pilot of the Gemini 8 mission, which accomplished the first physical joining of two orbiting spacecraft. In July 1969, Armstrong, as commander of the Apollo 11 lunar mission, became the first person to set foot on t
Newton, Isaac (1642–1727) English physicist and mathematician who laid the foundations of physics as a modern discipline. During 1665–66, he discovered the binomial theorem, differential and integral calculus, and that white light is composed of many colours. He developed the three standard laws of motion (see Newton\'s laws of motion) and the universal law of gravitation, set out in Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica 1687 (usually referred to as the Principia). Knighted 1705. Newton\'
Abraham Lincoln Everyone who knew Abraham Lincoln loved him as a friend. All the children around his home in Springfield, Ill., and around the White House in Washington felt that “Mr. Lincoln” understood them and truly liked them. Men and women who knew him admired him and called him “honest Abe.”(Lee, 47) People throughout the world said he was one of the greatest men of all time. He was an unusual man in many ways. One minute he would wrestle with his sons or tell a joke and slap his bony knee
The Night Sky Long ago, people looked into the night sky and wondered what they were looking at? How far away are those twinkles in the sky? Could they all be stars, or maybe, could they be something else? What makes certain lights brighter than others, and how does distance affect their intensity? These questions and other interesting facts will be reviewed in the following pages. One of the most common curiosities regarding the night sky is distance, which can be very hard to determine. Becaus
Sport Psychology What is sport psychology? Sport psychology is (a) the study of the psychological and mental factors that influence and are influenced by participation and performance in sport, exercise, and physical activity, and (b) the application of the knowledge gained through this study to everyday settings. Sport psychology professionals are interested in how participation in sport, exercise, and physical activity may enhance personal development and well-being throughout the life span. W
Fractal Geometry The world of mathematics usually tends to be thought of as abstract. Complex and imaginary numbers, real numbers, logarithms, functions, some tangible and others imperceivable. But these abstract numbers, simply symbols that conjure an image, a quantity, in our mind, and complex equations, take on a new meaning with fractals - a concrete one. Fractals go from being very simple equations on a piece of paper to colorful, extraordinary images, and most of all, offer an explanation
Roger Bacon Roger Bacon was an English monk as well as a member of the Franciscans order. he was educated in Oxford Paris, and taught Philosophy for seven years in Paris. He was known to some as Doctor mirabilis, the wonderful doctor; to other as Friar Bacon; and still to others as a necromancer, Bacon was respected for the powers he presumably possessed. Most of what is known about Bacon comes from autobiographical references in his own writings. After his teaching he went to Oxford, where he w
Wild Bill\'s Wild Bohr Quiz Niels Bohr\'s model of the hydrogen atom, was the primary reason for the understanding of energy levels. Bohr was able to explain the bright line spectrum of hydrogen. Sparked by the recent discovery of the diffraction patterns, scientists believed electrons could be described as waves. Bohr hypothesized that energy is being added to the hydrogen gas in the electricity form, and then leaving the gas in the form of light. He figured the light rays to be quantized, mean
How Can Artificial Intelligence Help Us? Introductory Paragraph, including thesis statement I. Description of Artificial Intelligence A. Descriptions of AI 1. Definition of AI 2. Coined in 1956 B. How AI can be achieved 1. Specialized software 2. Specialized computer systems 3. Add-on applications C. How can we measure the ability to think 1. Relative brain-power 2. Usefulness of the application II. How AI is developed A. Neural Networks 1. Membrane of neurodes 2. Chain of past experiences 3. Le
History of the Computer Industry in America America and the Computer Industry Only once in a lifetime will a new invention come about to touch every aspect of our lives. Such a device that changes the way we work, live, and play is a special one, indeed. A machine that has done all this and more now exists in nearly every business in the U.S. and one out of every two households (Hall, 156). This incredible invention is the computer. The electronic computer has been around for over a half-century
History of Computers Only once in a lifetime will a new invention come about to touch every aspect of our lives. Such a device that changes the way we work, live, and play is a special one, indeed. A machine that has done all this and more now exists in nearly every business in the US and one out of every two households (Hall, 156). This incredible invention is the computer. The electronic computer has been around for over a half-century, but its ancestors have been around for 2000 years. Howeve
An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals Philosophy, Hume What is a moral? This is a question that has plagued philosophers for many years. Is it possible to have a set of universal morals? There are many questions that surround the mystery of morals. They seem to drive our every action. We base our decisions on what is right and what is wrong. But what is it that actually determines what is right and what is wrong? Is it our sense of reason? Is it our sense of sentiment? This is a questio
Werner Heisenberg and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Werner Heisenberg, born in the dawn of the twentieth century became one of its greatest physicists; he is also among its most controversial. While still in his early twenties, he was among the handful of bright, young men who created quantum mechanics, the basic physics of the atom, and he became a leader of nuclear physics and elementary particle research. He is best known for his uncertainty principle, a component of the so-called Cope
Greek and Roman Influences on Modern Society The Greeks were the first to question the world, and to believe they could understand it. They were the first to study science and philosophy, and carried them quite far. The Romans are credited with much of what we know about law, and even the Constitution was based on their ideas. Democritus is one of the most important Greeks with his Atomic Theory. He believed that all things are made up of atoms and the void. We found that he made some mistakes i
The Lost World The author is Michael Crichton, and the book is The Lost World. Many people have read this book, along with its predecessor, Jurassic Park, and many people have been enthralled with the thought of living dinosaurs in the 20th century. “What if the dinosaurs did not become extinct? What if they still exist?” (The Lost World takes off a couple years after the first book. A separate island is discovered, an island where the dinosaurs were actually created. There are two different res
Magic of the Mind PART ONE CONTENTS --------------------3 SELFREALISATION AND DIRECTION FOR THE ADOLESCENT PART TWO CONTENTS ---------------------59 MANIFESTATIONS OF AWARENESS PART THREE CONTENTS -----------------104 PHILOSOPHICAL CONTENTS PART ONE. BOLD = MAIN TITLES. REGULAR = SUB TITLES. ----------------------------------------------------------------PAGE FORWARD -----------------------------------------------------4 INTELLECTUALITY -----------------------------------------8 DEDICATION -----
Importance of the Renaissance Period for European Overseas Exploration The purpose of this essay is to explain why the Renaissance must have occurred in order for Europe to begin overseas exploration. During the Renaissance, many new ideas formed, and many old ideas were reborn. Some of these ideas that affected overseas exploration for Europe are technological advancements in cartography, printing, and navigational devices for ships. The word Renaissance means “rebirth of knowledge”. during the
The Superstring Theory Abstract: The Superstring theory is quite possibly one of the leading "Theories of Everything." Meaning that, it proven, it would postulate all of physics in one equation. The history of Superstrings and the conditions that brought it forth are viewed as wells as the impending implications of this discovery. Notice: This research paper approaches the subject of Superstrings from a quantitative viewpoint due to the lack of breadth of mind (of the author). Meaning, the autho
Marie Curie and Her Discovery of Radium and Polonium Marie Curie was born Manya Sklodowska on November 7, 1867, in Warsaw, Poland. Her mother was the director of a boarding school for girls. Her father was a professor of physics and math at a high school in Warsaw. Manya was the youngest of her brother and three sisters. Her brother’s name was Joseph and her sisters’ names were Zosia, Hela, and Bronya. In 1871, when Manya was at the age of four, her mother died of tuberculosis. This left her fat
Leonhard Euler Leonhard Euler was born on April 15 1707 in Basel Switzerland and later died on Sept 18 1783. His father was a pastor and wanted his son to follow in his footsteps and sent him to the University of Basel to prepare for the ministry but geometry soon became his favorite subject. Through the intercession of Bernoulli Euler obtained his father\'s consent to change his major to mathematics. After failing to obtain a physics position at Basel in 1726 he joined the St. Petersburg Academ
Black Holes: Infinity and Beyond If theories of their existence are true, black holes are the most powerful force in the known physical universe. Many people are familiar with the term black hole, but few people actually know anything about them. A black hole forms as a result of a massive star running out of fuel to burn (Chaisson, 193). Once the star is no longer exerting outward force by burning off gases, it begins to collapse under it’s own intense, inward gravity (Chaisson, 193). It is lik
Solar System Notes ---- Closest to the sun ---- Smallest of the inner planets ---- Temperatures reach up to 1,380 F ---- Has low gravity, therefore there is no atmosphere ---- Orbits the sun once every 88 days ---- Surface is devoid of basalt - a hard, dense type of volcanic rock that has a glassy appearance ---- High density which implies that there is a large iron or nickel-ore core ---- Fun/Interesting Fact* Mercury\'s perihelion (the time at which the planet is the closest distance from the
Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769, to Carlo and Letizia Buonaparte at Ajaccio, Corsica. Napoleon’s family was Italian, but he later dropped the “u” in his name to make it appear more French. Napoleon was the second of eight children that reached adulthood. As a child, Napoleon was small and puny. His oversized head often threw him off balance and he had a terrible temper. At the age of 10, Napoleon was accepted at the military academy of Brienne, in northern Franc
Descartes Abstract This paper focuses on the seventeenth century philosopher Rene\' Descartes\' six Meditations. In his writings, he attempts to quantify his existence, the existence of the world around him, and that of an all- knowing and powerful being, God. Each of the Meditations is briefly reviewed, and key points are explained. The concepts and conclusions that Descartes reaches are applied to the age-old question, Does God exist? Introduction According to Rene\' Descartes (1596 - 1650), m