Mathematics

Helen Keller: An Inspiration to Many American Women June 17, 2004 Can you imagine a life without being able to see or hear and not knowing how to communicate with anyone around you? That world of darkness is what Helen Keller lived in for six years. Helen Keller has been an inspiration to people ever since she turned six. From 1886-1960, she proved herself to be a creative and inspiring woman of America. She was a writer and lecturer who fought for the rights of disadvantaged people all over the
How Bill Gates Changed The World Bill Gates, the single richest man alive. Yet he his days that started as a hacker where not always glorious, the way that he rode up to the top doing what he does best (hacking) make him a very interesting person to learn about. Today Bill Gates gives generously to the population and is nothing short of a great man. He used a lot of Homo Faber in his work, as he and his best friend (Paul Allen, Co-Founder of Microsoft) created many programs during there free tim
Niels Henrik David Bohr Niels Bohr is a very distinguished Danish physicist, chemist, and micro- biologist. Known for the Bohr model of the atom and his work on the Manhattan Project, Bohr worked with many renowned scientists throughout the world and even received the Nobel Peace Prize for Physics. Childhood/Family Life Niels Henrik David Bohr was born October 7, 1885, to Christian Bohr, a Physiology professor at Copenhagen University; and Ellen Adler, who came from a reputed family in the educa
The Historical Importance of Laura Bassi In a time when it was considered an impressive accomplishment for a woman to have an education, Laura Bassi earned a doctorate and became a university professor1. She worked with unrelenting determination to achieve her goals and be treated as an equal in her field. Bassi, who was born on October 20th 1711, did not try to impress or fit in with any particular group. She managed to raise 12 children in addition to her professional duties2. She is an import
“The Father of Modern Astronomy” JMJ April 28, 2004 Physics Period 5 From the first time children are introduced to astronomy in second grade, they are told that the sun is the center of the solar system. This was not always the case. For centuries, civilization believed the whole universe revolved around the earth. This was easy to believe since all the astral bodies seemed to make an arch across the sky, and, in relativity to the people on the ground, it was the sky that was moving, and not th
Should the fundamental question in epistemology be How can I know ? On the other hand, should it rather be What can I know ? INTRODUCTION: In this essay, I will look at both these questions as they both seem to play a major role in the study of knowledge. I will cover two of the main elements that correspond to these questions of attaining knowledge, Empiricism, and rationalism. In order to show examples of both these views; I will use the philosophical thinking of Rene Decartes, a rationalist w
Descartes Descartes is famed by is familiar notion, I think therefore I am (Cogito, ergo sum.). It is a conclusion he has reached in his second meditation after much deliberation on the existence of anything certain. After he discovers his ability to doubt and to understand , he is able to substantiate his necessary existence as a consequence. What we doubt or understand may not ultimately correspond, but we can never be uncertain that we are in the process of thought. This idea is a major compo
Descartes’ Method of Doubt and Proof of Self-existence In his Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes looks back on his life and realizes that a great number of his opinions have been false. Subsequently, the knowledge he has built up over his life must also be markedly false, seeing as it is based upon such incorrect opinions. He resolves to restart his quest for knowledge from the bottom, building a philosophy to be the foundation upon which all further intellectual
Practical Applications of Statistics Practical Applications of Statistics What Is Statistics? American Heritage Dictionary® defines statistics as: The mathematics of the collection, organization, and interpretation of numerical data, especially the analysis of population characteristics by inference from sampling. The Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary® definition is: A branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of masses of numerical data
Computer—Its Effect on Children’s Learning and Development Psychology 2 Dec 1st, 2001 The role of computers’ effect on childhood education has been a widely controversial topic for decades, and both parents and educators have concerns about the potential benefits or harms to young children. Critics argue that introducing technologies in schools will only waste time, money and childhood development itself by speeding up the pace and cutting down on essential learning experiences that children mus
Introduction to Islam Allah (God) Islam is the complete submission and obedience to Allah (God). The name Allah (God) in Islam never refers to Muhammad (pbuh), as many Christians may think; Allah is the personal name of God. What do Muslims believe about Allah? 1. He is the one God, Who has no partner. 2. Nothing is like Him. He is the Creator, not created, nor a part of His creation. 3. He is All-Powerful, absolutely Just. 4. There is no other entity in the entire universe worthy of worship bes
ISLAM 570--Birth of Muhammad into Quraysh, the ruling tribe of Mecca. Islamic tradition relates miraculous signs foretelling Muhammad\'s future greatness. Orphaned and raised by an uncle Abu Talib to be a trader. 595-Muhammad marries Khadijah a rich widow several years his senior. Earns reputation of Al-Amin --the faithful, for his virtue and wisdom. 610- The Night of Power (believed to be the 26th of Ramadan)--First revelation while meditating in a cave on Mt. Hira outside Mecca. Voices and vis
The Nobel Prize for Economics The Nobel Prize for Economics or more correctly, The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences is the world\'s most prestigious award for the people who contributions to the field of Economics. It is awarded in memory of Alfred Nobel by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences every year. The prize consists of a gold medal, a diploma bearing a citation, and a sum of money (US$1,000,000 in recent years). It represents the ultimate recognition by one\'s peers. The Econom
ISLAM AND TERRORISM MUSLIMS ARE FUNDAMENTALISTS AND TERRORISTS Question: Why are most of the Muslims fundamentalists and terrorists? Answer: This question is often hurled at Muslims, either directly or indirectly, during any discussion on religion or world affairs. Muslim stereotypes are perpetuated in every form of the media accompanied by gross misinformation about Islam and Muslims. In fact, such misinformation and false propaganda often leads to discrimination and acts of violence against Mu
A Biography of Seyyed Hossein Nasr Professor Seyyed Hossein Nasr, one of the world\'s leading experts on Islamic science and spirituality, is University Professor of Islamic Studies at George Washington University. Professor Nasr is the authour of numerous books including Man and Nature: the Spiritual Crisis of Modern Man (Kazi Publications, 1998), Religion and the Order of Nature (Oxford, 1996) and Knowledge and the Sacred (SUNY, 1989). Introduction Seyyed Hossein Nasr, currently University Pro
B E Company Introduction This project is helping a global based company to design a system to cover the entire problem now they are facing about supply. Company background B E is a Danish company that has more than 10 retailer shops around the UK; the products now they are selling are major supplied from Demark. The problem they are facing is the communication channel, there is no motivated way for them to use actually cover the communication problem. Because sometimes the telephone order is tak
BioinformaticsIntroduction We take bioinformatics to mean the emerging field of science growing from the application of mathematics, statistics, and information technology, including computers and the theory surrounding them, to the study and analysis of very large biological, and particularly genetic, data sets. The field has been fueled by the increase in DNA data generation leading to the massive data sets already generated, and yet to be generated, in particular, the data from the human geno
IMPORTANCE OF STATISTICS Statistics is the science of collecting, organizing, and interpreting numerical facts, which we call data. Data bombards us in everyday life. Most of us associate statistics with the bits of data that appear in news reports: baseball batting averages, imported car sales, the latest poll of the president\'s popularity, and the average high temperature for today. Advertisements often claim that data show the superiority of the advertiser\'s product. All sides in public deb
MARIE CURIE Marie Curie was born November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, Poland. She would become famous for her research into radioactivity, and was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize. Marie grew up in a family that valued education. As a young woman she went to Paris to study mathematics, chemistry and physics. She began studying at the Sorbonne in 1891, and was the first woman to teach there. While there, she met Pierre Curie, who taught physics at University of Paris. They married and became lab partn
Teaching Mathematics An introduction to Formulas, concepts and ideas in Math education. Practical theoretical concepts visualized at 6th – 7th grade level (DNS 2001) Index I. Introduction The importance of math education lies in the simple fact that all we see around us can be explained or understood with the help of math, mathematical formula’s and mathematical models. Relating the abstract concepts of mathematical formulas and models to real life represents a bigger challenge then the aforemen
Education, Software Piracy, and the Law Abstract This paper is intended as a primer for copyright law in the form of a short story. An elementary school teacher illegitimately copies a piece of software for educational purposes and is discovered. Issues such as the fair use doctrine, copyright law, and cyberlaw are covered. The analytical section provides a realistic legal defense for the fictional situation that drives the paper. My name is ___ and I teach 6th grade mathematics at Hightstown Mi
WITH NUMBER TWO PENCILS IN HAND Public Policy December 10, 2001 Each year students across the nation are forced into rooms where no talking is allowed. They come equipped with number two pencils and a year’s preparation. They are there to take a standardized test. In Texas this test is called the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills. Many students walk into this test knowing that they will pass and knowing that their time would be better spent in thousands of different areas. Other students come
Beginning of The Computer Age Pre-Calculus 11/3/2003 It seems at least once in a lifetime a new invention will come about and touch every aspect of our lives. One such device is the computer, which is at this time affecting almost every business in the U.S., and one out of every two households. The computers widespread use has made changes in the ways that we work, live, play, commute, and even the way that we learn. Although the modern electronic computer is only about 50 years old, previous id
History of Computers In this paper, I will attempt to show you that computers have affected people in so many ways over the pass years. Over the past couple of years as a society, we have become very dependent on a machine that we like to refer to as the computer. They have immediately won our hearts and mines since the first day that they have made their entrance into our homes. They have become to be one of the most reliable things inside of a household besides the oven our microwave the CPU i
Nuclear Medicine Technology Eng101 Nuclear Medicine is a profession developed as a product of the atomic age. Nuclear Medicine Technology is one of the most advanced diagnostic technologies in today’s medical field. The discipline of nuclear medicine began after radium was discovered almost a century ago. Following World War II, physicians recognized the potential medical implications of radium and developed artificial radio nuclides. Since this development the field of nuclear medicine has beco
How computers and computing system affect Businesses and their environment 4-29-2004 Only once in a lifetime will a new invention come about to touch every aspect of our lives. Such a device that changes the way we work, live, and play is a special one, indeed. A machine that has done all this and more now exists in nearly every business in the US and one out of every two households (4). This incredible invention is the computer. The electronic computer has been around for over a half-century, b
STEPHEN HAWKING. English 1301 Feb. 20th, 2004 Mr. Stephen Hawking wrote: “For thousand of years, people have wondered about the universe. Did it stretch out forever or was there a limit? And where did it all come from? Did the universe have a beginning, a moment of creation? Or had the universe existed forever?...All my life, I have been fascinated by the big questions that face us, and have tried to find scientific answers to them…Personally, I’m sure that the universe began with a hot Big Bang
George Bernard Shaw: Socialist and Playwright EN 319 20 September 2004 George Bernard Shaw\'s power as a dramatist is directly linked to his work as a socialist both before and during his work as a playwright. It is because these two forces are so inextricably tied that a working knowledge of both his socialist ideals and his ideas concerning the theatrical process is not only useful, but on some levels necessary for an adequate understanding of his meaning in each. Shaw himself knew this, and h
Johannes Kepler Martinez 1 Introduction Johannes Kepler was born on December 27, 1571. He was born in Weil der Stadt, Germany. His birth city was in a wine region and near France. Weil der Stadt is in southwest Germany where the houses are small and streets were even smaller. Johannes was the son first son of Henry and Katherine Kepler, and since his birthday fell on St. John’s day, he was given the apostle’s name in baptism. Kepler\'s grandfather was supposedly from a noble background, and once
Alexander the Great He was the ruler of Greece in the fourth century B.C. He was one of the greatest military geniuses of all time. He was born in Macedonia, the son of Phillip II, King of Macedonia. He received his military education from his father and was tutored by Aristotle, the great philosopher, and other great teachers of his time. By the time he was sixteen Alexander was left in charge of the kingdom when his father was away for any extended period of time and once led the army to put d
Albert Einstein Recognized in his own time as one of the most creative people in human history, Albert Einstein, in the first 15 years of the 20th century, advanced a series of theories that for the first time asserted the equivalence of mass and energy and proposed entirely new ways of thinking about space, time, and gravitation. His theories of relativity and gravitation were a profound advance over the old Newtonian physics and revolutionized scientific and philosophic inquiry. He was a self-
Sir Isaac Newton Sir Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642 in Woolsthorpe, near Lincolnshire. He was a famous mathematician and physicist who made many contributions in the progress of science. Newton, along with Gottfried Leibniz invented the branch of math called calculus. In the summer of 1661, he was sent to Trinity College at the University of Cambridge where he received his bachelor\'s degree. In 1667, he returned there, after taking two years off, and got his master\'s degree. Newton
Complex Number Complex Number, in mathematics, the sum of a real number and an imaginary number. An imaginary number is a multiple of i, where i is the square root of -1. Complex numbers can be expressed in the form a + bi, where a and b are real numbers. They have the algebraic structure of a field in mathematics. In engineering and physics, complex numbers are used extensively to describe electric circuits and electromagnetic waves (see Electromagnetic Radiation). The number i appears explicit
George Washington Washington, George (1732-1799), first president of the United States (1789-1797) and one of the most important leaders in United States history. His role in gaining independence for the American colonies and later in unifying them under the new U.S. federal government cannot be overestimated. Laboring against great difficulties, he created the Continental Army, which fought and won the American Revolution (1775-1783), out of what was little more than an armed mob. After an eigh
The Life of Ulysses S. Grant Grant was the son of a frontier family. He was born Hiram Ulysses Grant in 1822 in a two-room cabin in Point Pleasant in southwestern Ohio, near the Ohio River. His father, Jesse Root Grant, was a tanner. Hannah Simpson Grant, his mother, was a pious, hardworking frontier woman. When Ulysses was one year old, his father moved the family to nearby Georgetown, where the boy grew up and attended school. He later went to nearby Maysville Seminary in Maysville, Kentucky,
Pythagoras of Samos Born: about 580 BC in Samos, Ionia Died: about 500 BC in Metapontum, Lucania Pythagoras of Samos was a Greek philosopher responsible for important developments in mathematics, astronomy and the theory of music. He left Samos because of the tyrant who ruled there and went to southern Italy about 532 BC. He founded a philosophical and religious school in Croton that had many followers. Although the theorem now known as Pythagoras\'s theorem was known to the Babylonians 1000 yea
Archaeogeodesy Archaeogeodesy can be defined as that area of study encompassing prehistoric and ancient place determination, point positioning, navigation (on land or water), astronomy, geodynamic phenomena, and measure and representation of the earth. Archaeogeodesy, by combining fundamental astronomy, geodetic knowledge, applied mathematics, accurate positional data and archaeology, presents a methodology for investigating the placements, interrelationships, spatial properties, arrangements an
Leonardo Pisano Leonardo Pisano was the first great mathematician of medieval Christian Europe. He played an important role in reviving ancient mathematics and made great contributions of his own. After his death in 1240, Leonardo Pisano became known as Leonardo Fibonacci. Leonardo Fibonacci was born in Pisa in about 1180, the son of a member of the government of the Republic of Pisa. When he was 12 years old, his father was made administer of Pisa\'s trading colony in Algeria. It was in Algeria
Analytic and Linguistic Philosophy Analytic and Linguistic Philosophy, 20th-century philosophical movement, dominant in Great Britain and the United States since World War II (1939-1945), that aims to clarify language and analyze the concepts expressed in it. Although no specific doctrines or tenets are accepted by the movement as a whole, analytic and linguistic philosophers agree that the proper activity of philosophy is clarifying language or concepts. The aim of this activity is to settle ph
Math Anxiety Out of all the subjects that are taught at school, mathematics can be one of the most frustrating. Many students at some point in their education become overwhelmed by mathematics. This may leave them feeling that their understanding of the concept would be impossible. This feeling, known as Òmath anxietyÓ may be caused by biological factors or because of social values, however, no one know for sure what causes it. Math anxiety is a feeling that can be experienced by anyone. It is e
Colin Ferguson Colin Ferguson 2 It was an average Tuesday evening, December 7, 1993, when a group of commuters on a Long Island Rail Road car came face to face with the sort of terror most people see only on television. Without warning, a Jamaican immigrant named Colin Ferguson pulled out a pistol and started firing at random, killing 6 passengers and wounding 19. After Ferguson was convicted and before he was sentenced, the survivors of his attack and the relatives of his victims got a rare cha
Aerospace Engineering Aerospace engineering is a new advanced professional degree program designed specifically for toady\'s modern engineering world. It is intended for recent engineering graduates and working engineers desiring a broader graduate experience that emphasizes and applications focused engineering education, as well as for seasoned engineers who want to increase their opportunities for career enhancement but may not be able to take full time away from work. The study of this field
Marine Biology Career Study Project: Marine Biology Research Marine biology is the study of organisms that live in the sea. It deals with all forms of life in the oceans, from viruses so small they can be viewed only with the most powerful electronic microscopes to whales, the largest living animals. Marine biologists do numerous things in their working day. They describe and classify marine organisms. They try to determine how these organisms develop, how they obtain food, how they reproduce, h
BLAISE PASCAL (1623­1662) Blaise Pascal was born in France in 1623. He was the third child and only son of Etienne Pascal. His mother died when he was a baby, so Blaise was raised and educated at home by his father. His father decided that he did not want Blaise to study mathematics before he turned 15 and got rid of all of the math books in their house. However, Blaise was very interested in mathematics and started to work on geometry by himself at the age of 12. At the age of 14, Blaise starte
Advertising Television advertising is a business which touches nearly every man, woman and child in America. It has been said that “American advertising leads the world not only in volume of business, but in the complexity of its organization and of its procedures.” (DeWitt) Nearly all of us have a favorite commercial, whether it be the newest Miller Lite commercial, or an old McDonald’s commercial from years ago. But before any commercial can be brought to your television over the airwaves, a l
John Dalton John Dalton was born in 1766 and died in 1844. He was born and raised in Eaglefeild, near Cockermouth, in Cumberland, England. Mostly self-taught in all sciences he was well known for several different things. One of his most famous discoveries were his observations and developments of the atom and atomic theory. He also accomplished several other things in his lifetime. Including discoveries and observations of comets, discoveries in the field of Metallurgy, and color blindness. Thi
PETER THE GREAT Peter, also known as Peter xiv, was a man known for his great complexity (Troyat, 14). He is known this for opening the door of progress up to the Russians. Some oppose of this door being opened and others applaud. Being torn between European ways and tradition left Peter’s reign both good and bad but often sought in both views. Peter, son of Tsar Aleksey Mikhailovich, was born on May 30, 1972. He began his reign of Russia in 1700. Peter ruled Russia in an absolute monarchy. Whic
ADOLF HITLER 1. THE BEGINNING At half past six on the evening of April 20th, 1889 a child was born in the small town of Branau, Austria. The name of the child was Adolf Hitler. He was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his third wife Klara. As a young boy Adolf attendated church regulary and sang in the local choir. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a pretty good student. He received good marks i
Analytic and Linguistic Philosophy Analytic and Linguistic Philosophy, 20th-century philosophical movement, dominant in Great Britain and the United States since World War II (1939-1945), that aims to clarify language and analyze the concepts expressed in it. Although no specific doctrines or tenets are accepted by the movement as a whole, analytic and linguistic philosophers agree that the proper activity of philosophy is clarifying language or concepts. The aim of this activity is to settle ph
Adolf Hitler 1. THE BEGINNING At half past six on the evening of April 20th, 1889 a child was born in the small town of Branau, Austria. The name of the child was Adolf Hitler. He was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his third wife Klara. As a young boy Adolf attendated church regulary and sang in the local choir. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a pretty good student. He received good marks i