Final History Exam 1.List the reasons the US got involved in World War I: The Germans ignored Wilsons calls for peace, resumed unrestricted submarine warfare, announcing that their U-boats would sink all ships in British waters - hostile or neutral - on sight. Then the German foreign minister sent a telegram, nicknamed the Zimmermann note to the German ambassador in Mexico. This telegram proposed an alliance between Mexico Germany promised that if the war with the US broke out, Germany would sup
Cuban War for Independence For those Cubans who wanted independence, it was a long struggle. People on the island, mostly descendants of Africans, raised tobacco and sugar for export. Cuban sugar plantations supplied close to a third of the world\'s supply. The masses had little role in anything political. They were kept ignorant because a docile labor force was preferable. Within the planter class and the few who serviced it, there was a split opinion about independence. Most fared well by bein
Great Depression in the United States Individual Research March 23, 2004 The Great Depression was the worst and longest economic collapse in the history of the modern industrial world, lasting from the end of 1929 until the early 1940s. What was once the land of hope and hopefulness had become the land of depression. The American people were questioning all the sayings on which they had based their lives - democracy, capitalism, and individualism. The Great Depression saw rapid declines in the
Ambiguous Adventure History 1610 October 6, 2003 In Cheikh Hamidou Kane’s novel, Ambiguous Adventure he addresses many problems. Such as the cultural and social choices that Africans faced during the colonial era, how education played a major role in the European colonization area. The one that is most surprising is the role of the Most Royal Lady. She is highly respected by everyone, including the male leaders in the Diallo family. But her role is very unusual, she is a woman and women of this
“How did Hitler persecute the minority groups of Germany so that he could create his perfect Aryan society?” Historical Essay Year 11 IB History Word Count: 1488 22/3/04 During Hitler’s time in power minority groups in Germany and in Europe were tortured, tormented, exiled and killed. Hitler persecuted various minority groups because he thought they had no place in his master race. Hitler had a vision of a master race called the “Aryan race” which he planned to purify and become world dominator
History Men M edici, Lorenzo de: From Italy during the Renaissance. The Medici’s riches gained them political control in Florence. They established one of the first public libraries in Europe. The most notable and most generous patron of the Medici family was Lorenzo de Medici, called “Il Magnifico”. Italian Humanist Writers P etrarch, Francesco: (1304 – 1374) From Italy. Known as the “Father of Humanism”. He was the son of a Florentine merchant. As a youth, he followed his father’s wishes and e
Mother of the Western Languages History Language has been a medium, since the dawn of time, in which man has communicated in. This essential tool to express emotions, feelings, and ideas has served humans to achieve remarkable feats no other living creature has yet been able to accomplish. But many wonder how did language come about? Why do the languages of Europe seem similar yet different? In this essay I shall briefly explain the origins of most languages of Europe and how they have evolved
Martin Van Buren - His Presidential Years 1837 to 1841 HY 201, section 2 April 4, 2004 The Eighth President of the United States In the election of 1836, Van Buren won easily with 170 electoral votes against 73 for Harrison, 26 for White, 14 for Webster and 11 for Mangum. In popular votes Van Buren received a total of 764,176 votes compared to 550,816 for Harrison, 146,107 for White and 41,201 for Webster. Major Issues of the Election of 1836 Van Buren disagreed with Whig candidate William Henry
Mathematics Throughout the years, the history of mathematics has taken its fair share of changes. It has stretched across the world from the Far East, migrating into the Western Hemisphere. One of the most fundamental and key principles of mathematics has been the quadratic formula. Having been used in several different cultures, the formula has been part of the base of mathematics theory. The general equation has been derived from many different sources, most commonly: ax2 + bx + c = 0, with x
Medieval Islam . Islam is a religion that is complete. It has a rich culture and without any interference or flexibility in its basis it has turned out to be a complex, and dynamic steady in the world. Yet, the least is known about it in the West. It rose dramatically to popularity in the seventh century A. D. and from that time to present it has covered a large part of the world culture with its influence and managed to incorporate many languages and cultures within its midst. Islamic history b
:The Moravian Missionary Experience: The West Indies, Guiana and Surinam, 1732-1800 European Competition and Expansion Final Paper 17 December, 2003 I. The Moravians The Moravians were a Protestant sect that, under the leadership of Count Nikolas Ludwig von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, experienced a strong revival in the 1720s. The doctrine of the Moravians centered on the sufferings of Christ on the cross and involved much contemplation of the various wounds he received therein. Zinzendorf began t
Plato Plato, the philosopher, centered his thoughts around the soul, which to him was the principal of life and movement. The immortal wisdom of Plato, is the guidance in which ethical theory and philosophy take root. His mentor was the great philosopher, Socrates. Plato, took the Socratic point of view and developed his main philosophy, which was the philosophy of the soul. THE LIFE OF PLATO Early Life Plato was born in 427 B.C.E. into a wealthy family that was both aristocratic and politically
Renaissance Humanism Writers and philosophers of the Renaissance expressed their opinions about human nature and humans’ roles in the universe through their writings. Francesco Petrarch pioneered the first intellectual movement called humanism. An Italian poet and man of letters, he attempted to apply the values and lessons of antiquity to questions of Christian faith and morals in his own day. He believed that true eloquence and ethical wisdom had been lost during the Middle Ages and could onl
Some Quotes Used to Establish Hitler\'s Christianity The Internet is awash with many quotes from Hitler that could be used in support of the idea that he considered himself Christian, or thought he was acting in accord with God\'s will, or something like that. I have collected a number of such citations myself. But bear in mind that these are mostly public sayings, so you have to be careful about how much you trust them. A good one is this from Mein Kampf: Hence today I believe that I am acting
Spain 1263 “The Jews furnish our viziers, chancellors and most of our officers of our army and we simply cannot do it without them.” This was answered by Alfonso VI in response to Pope Gregory VII”s complaints about rising Jewish prominence in Spain (Sachar, 1994). By the middle of the eighth century, the eastern half of the Byzantine Empire, Persia, North Africa, and the southern Iberian Peninsula, were ruled by the Moslem caliphs. Because of their love for science and the spread of knowledge,
SPANISH CIVIL WAR Section 001 Department of History In partial fulfillment of the requirements for HST504 November 14, 2003 Spain is a country in Europe that experienced the horrific effects of a civil war. The war lasted for years, with thousands of lives lost and it took Spain decades to recover from the consequences of these events that took place during the middle of the 20th century. In the early 1930’s, a miniscule republic emerged in the country of Spain. At this time most of Europe was
Sparta The history tells us that the first display of European democracy begins, arguably, not in Athens but in Sparta. It seems quite strange that the very first features of democratic society came into the world exactly from this city which defined itself as the direct opposite of the “ Open society “. But what really matter to us is Athens, where the earliest innovation of political equality was created, more thoroughly than in Sparta and where newer and more rapid social reforms had occurred
Thomas Jefferson: Great American President November 2, 2003 A.P. U.S. History 5th Hour Thomas Jefferson’s presidential election in 1800 in know today as the revolution of 1800; for it marked the first peaceful change of political ideals in a democratic nation. To day a change between political ideals is very common, but it took a lot to lead a young nation through a change such as this without blood shed. As the third president of the United States, Thomas Jefferson\'s accomplishments and leader
The Bombing Of Darwin It was the bright morning of Thursday 19 February 1942 just before 10am. Since the attacks on Pearl Harbour, Darwin was the base of the 7th Military District of Australia and Port Darwin had become an important staging point for ship convoys and aircraft on their way to the fighting in the northwest. A fleet of ships carrying Australian and American troops and supplies, escorted by USS Houston, had returned to port after an attack by Japanese aircraft and submarines. I was
The Decline of Aleppo M.A. student Islam and the West 14, April, 2004-4-14 In the Arabic world, Aleppo was not for all the time considered a metropolis. However, it claims a long and glorious history that traces to the beginning of the recorded history, and has established a regional commercial center for at least more than one thousand years. Located in the midpoint between the Euphrates and the Mediterranean Sea, the town of Aleppo also enjoys an easy access to water and food supply from the s
The History of the Midwife Final Paper: The History of the Midwife Modern History There are Biblical references to Midwives dating back to as early as 2000 BC. Throughout history, midwives as independent practitioners are identified as the guardians of normal childbirth. Their knowledge of women’s health has been seen as mystical, having power over nature and concerned with matters not understood by men. According to The Encyclopedia Britannica, “The profession of midwife must be one of the olde
The twentieth century from 1901-1939. Throughout the world, amid the twentieth century, underlying changes were occurring. The First World War was fought, the world experienced the Great Depression, there was a rise of imperialism, belief of anarchism, plead of socialism, expansion of fascism, growth of nationalism and fear of communism. By 1914 all major European powers are at war, it became a global war involving 32 nations. Twenty-eight of these nations were known as the Allies, including Gre
To what extent was Alexander II a Tsar liberator? Alexander II did introduce a number of reforms, which were quite revolutionary for that period of time. Many historians therefore believe that Alexander II deserves the title ‘Tsar Liberator’. Views of Alexander II do, however, differ to a great extent, When regarding Alexander II Saunders says “his enthusiasm for change lasted a mere four years, it may be that his reputation as the ‘Tsar liberator’ is ill deserved“ 1this strongly suggests that A
Essay #2: America after World War II 4/14/04 Dev. of US II After the Atomic bomb unofficially ended World War II, questions surfaced about how to handle our communist ally during the war; The Soviet Union. Several theories were being thought of in the light of Soviets occupation of a good portion of Eastern Europe which Winston Churchill nicknamed the “Iron Curtain” take over. Former Vice president and 1948 Presidential candidate Henry A. Wallace thought the United States should become close all
Why do you think there was no general European war between 1815 and 1914? In order to understand why there wasn’t a general European war during the time period mentioned it is necessary to look at the relationship between the major powers at the time in both a foreign and domestic context. It is also important to understand why these nations were so concerned in preventing another Napoleon from dominating the European scene once more. In 1815 the five main powers in Europe were Austria, France,
Women’s Suffrage Movement The women’s suffrage movement, symbol of nineteenth and early twentieth century feminism then and now, is the most visible manifestation of women’s emancipation, but it is merely the tip of the iceberg. Those who attacked women’s suffrage were attacking much more than the idea that women as well as men should enter the polling booth. My thesis statement is as follows: Unlike the opposition to a wider male suffrage, women’s suffrage was opposed not so much because people
World War I 1.0 Introduction The twentieth century ushered in a veritable ‘era of conflicts’ in different parts of the world. During 1894-95, the Sino-Japanese War took place, resulting in the victory of Japan over China. The Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) soon followed in the Far East leading to the complete defeat of Russia. In 1905, the Russian Revolution transformed the ancient Tzarist autocracy into a Constitutional Monarchy. The young Turks under the leadership of Mustapha Kemal Ataturk Pa
The Emergence of the Colonies lead to American Revolution History Writing Assignment The American Revolution started in 1775, reached its climax in 1776, and partially ended in 1789 when the Constitution was ratified. USA is one of the few countries that underwent only one revolution. The American Revolution is an interesting one because the settlers had freedom before that. The changes in the government lead to this Revolution. The question is did this have an impact on the colonies? If so, to
American Painting and sculpture 17th-Century Painting and Sculpture Colonial art reflects that of the European colonizing nations, adapted to the dangers and harsh conditions of a vast wilderness. Spanish influences prevailed in the West, while English styles, with a leaven of Dutch and French, predominated in the East. Outside the Southwest, native styles did not exert a lasting influence on colonial art. Like colonial architecture, 17th-century colonial painting reflects English styles of at l
The Black Death HST 102 The Bubonic Plague, more commonly referred to as the Black Death, ravaged Europe between the years 1347 and 1350. During this short period, 25 million people, one third of Europe\'s population at the time, were killed. Thousands of people died each week and dead bodies littered the streets. Once a family member had contracted the disease, the entire household was doomed to die. Parents abandoned their children, and parent-less children roamed the streets in search for foo
British National Identity PS: The Lion and The Unicorn is available at Orwell is a committed socialist. He went to Spain at the end of 1936, to write newspaper articles on the Spanish Civil War. The conflict in Spain was between the communist, socialist Republic, and General Franco’s Fascist military rebellion. He was astonished by the atmosphere in Spain: class distinctions did not exist there and everyone wa
MODERN HISTORY ASSESSMENT TASK #1 (i) Explain the different aims of the three leaders, Clemenceau, Lloyd-George and Wilson at the Paris Peace Conference after WW1. The 18th of January 1919, is a stand-still moment in History as 75% of the world’s leaders came together and prepared to discuss a single topic, the situation of the post-war world. With the exclusion of the defeated states, there was a total of 32 Leaders that attended the Paris Peace Conference. Whilst there was a large majority of
Review for Jazz History Midterm exam- October 2003 2 Forms of Jazz 1.) 12 Bar Blues= number of choruses 2.) 32 Bar AABA song four =32 3.) Ways Jazz is unique I. Jazz Sound Interpretation II. Improvisation III. Swing feel a.) constant tempo b.) cohesive group sound c.) rhythmic lilt d.) spirit Jazz is the blending of African European culture 1.) Field hollers- blending tones Ol Hannah - Doc Reese 2.) Work sons- emphasis on rhythm meter- Julina Johnson -Lead Belly 3.) Spiritual- Dry Bones - gospel
China and Japan China and Japan proved themselves highly vulnerable to the foreign influences of modernized societies, although neither had shown sensibility in their contacts before the development of modernized societies. The Japanese in the past had imported, adopted, and adapted much from China (including the Chinese system of writing) but they had done so without loss off the Japanese way. When later Western contacts came, however, the Japanese organized themselves to revolutionize their so
Report on World War I Table of contentsPage 0: introduction Page 1: years leading up to the war:1850-1914Page 2:causes of warPage 3:war breaks outPage 3:Land warfare, war plansPage 4:land warfare,1914Page 8:Land warfare,1915Page 10:land warfare,1916Page 12:land warfare,1917Page 15:land warfare,1918Page 21:naval warfare, war plansPage 22: naval warfare, generalPage 23:air warfare, generalPage 23:endingPage 24:references Chapter 1: introduction August 2nd, 1914: Europe was darkened by the horrible
The Ottoman EmpireIV- The Fall of the Ottoman EmpireA- Blaming the Leaders As any other nation in history, the Ottoman Empire suffered military defeats, political corruption, economic deterioration and finally the fall of a fulfilled dream. Many historians argue about the causes of this decline: was it the weakening of the Ottoman power or the accumulation of power by the opposition? In fact, both of these reasons brought the decay of this world power. One of the explanations of Ibn Khaldun -a v
Benito Mussolini Albert Camus once said of dictatorship, The welfare of the people in particular has always been the alibi of tyrants, and it provides the further advantage of giving the servants of tyranny a good conscience . This is especially true in the case of Fascist Italy, as Mussolini has dominated Italy with his Fascist Party in his 20 years of power, more or less successfully fooling and playing the Italian and international press and public, and to an extent the administration and lea
What are the values of the Revolution and how are they portrayed? Values.doc January 10, 2004 Microsoft Word 97 War, whether it takes place in modern times, in ancient Greece or the eighteenth century, embodies specific values of the cultures that take part in them. The Revolutionary War was no different, and considering it’s unique status as the struggle out of which this country was founded, in many ways it became the cornerstone of the values that would later pervade American culture. We may
Brief History of the English Language OLD ENGLISH UNTIL 1066. A BRIEF HISTORY OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE Old English (500-1100 AD) Old English Words The Angles came from an angle-shaped land area in contemporary Germany. Their name Angli from the Latin and commonly-spoken, pre-5th Century German mutated into the Old English Engle . Later, Engle changed to Angel-cyn meaning Angle-race by A.D. 1000, changing to Engla-land . Some Old English words which have survived intact include: feet, geese, teeth, me
Does the law relating to Obscenity and Blasphemy constitute too great a restriction on freedom of ex The right to freedom of expression is a fundamental right, which has not traditionally been prescribed by law, but can be considered more of a moral right. However the enactment of the Human Rights Act 1998 incorporated the European Convention on Human Rights into domestic law, Article 10 of which creates a right to freedom of expression. Article 10 (1) states “Everyone has the right to freedom o
Goodness and Evil A.P. European History 7 May 1997 Throughout the world’s history, man has displayed his capacity for good and evil. Unfortunately more of the latter than the former. It is well known that people should be judged in the context of their times, so it is difficult to objectively say who was good and who was evil without using today’s moral beliefs. It is also difficult to say how these two characteristics can be controlled to make a better society because whatever viewpoint appears
The Life Of Adolf Hitler Block 3 World Cultures ADOLF HITLER 1. THE BEGINNING At half past six on the evening of April 20th, 1889 a child was born in the small town of Branau, Austria. The name of the child was Adolf Hitler. He was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his third wife Klara. As a young boy Adolf attendated church regulary and sang in the local choir. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He wa
U.S. Expansionism During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the United States pursued an aggressive policy of expansionism, extending its political and economic influence around the globe. That pivotal era in the history of our nation is the subject of this on-line history. Through the course of history, many of the nations in the world expanded internationally through imperialism. These nations were creating empires throughout the world. The United States of America for example,
The Immorality of Internet Weapon Sales Many traditional weapons are still being made, whether or not they are actually still used for their original purpose. Many weapons’ purposes greatly evolve, leaving their original purposes to be outdated when they are transformed towards their new purpose, which often is collection. The Internet greatly helps the evolution of these purposes by depersonalizing the trade and use of the weapons, and making it easier to obtain a weapon for collection purposes
Liberation Feminist Hermeneutics, as described By Elisabeth Schuessler Firoenza Hermeneutics Seminar February 29/00 Box #260 Table of Contents I. Introduction………………………………………………………………..p.3 A. An Historical Overview…………………………………………..p.3-4 B. An Overview of Feminist Hermeneutics………………………..p.4-5 VI. Presuppositions A. Introduction and Preface to the Hermeneutics of ……………..p.6 Elisabeth Schuessler Fiorenza B. Scripture: Mythical Archetype vs. Historical Prototype………p.6-8 C. Egalitarianism and Gender
How united was Spain by 1516? In 1516 Ferdinand, King of Aragon, former consort of Isabella Queen of Castile, died. Isabella had died in 1504 leaving Castile their daughter Juana the Mad. Juana had married the Burgundy king Philip the Fair, son of Maxmillian I, the Holy Roman Emperor. Isabella was well aware of the fact that Philip would dominate his wife in the affairs of Castile, particularly in view of Juana\'s mental illness. To try and avoid this, Isabella left in her will the proviso that
Human Culture I use the term culture to refer collectively to a society and its way of life or in reference to human culture as a whole. The Modern technical definition of culture, as socially patterned human thought and behavior, was originally proposed by the nineteenth-century British anthropologist, Edward Tylor. This definition is an open-ended list, which has been extended considerably since Tylor first proposed it. Some researchers have attempted to create exhaustive universal lists of t
IS THE CELTIC TIGER A PAPER TIGER? Last year Ireland’s GDP grew faster than anywhere else in the world. In 2001 Ireland remains at the top of the OECD growth league (Economist Intelligence Unit, 2001: 10- 11; OECD, 2001: vi). Nonetheless, though the Irish economy continues to attract the headlines, gone is the euphoric tone of even a year or two ago. Now attention focuses more on plant closures by (mainly U.S.) multinationals and the downward revision of growth forecasts. Economists debate the p
The Right of Religious Freedom During our class on Federal Policy we have been discussing the idea of the rights of Native Americans. While doing me research I came across on the underlining freedoms that everyone should process, the freedom of Religion. This freedom is so important in regards to Native Americans because it not only allows them to worship but defines their culture as well. I have decided to focus on just the American Indian Freedom Act of 1978 and it progression through time. R
It is believed that early in the history of Athens that it may have been a matriarchy society. There is a strong argument against this, but there is evidence in some artwork that would back this premise. Whether or not this is true really is not important for the purpose of this essay. What is important is that beginning in the sixth century B.C. rules and regulations began to be put in place that would forever change the lives of women in Athens. The first to take action was a lawmaker by the