Withccraft in British History European witchcraft was a unique phenomenon which differed from European high magic from the low magic or simple sorcery (Russel 658). High magic and simple sorcery differ however in methods and motivation (658). High magic was astrology and alchemy (658). Sorcerers are usually people that are motivated by strong feelings of jealously, revenge, malice which are experienced by everyone (Marwich 3042). More supernatural are witches who are slaves of aberration and add
Women In Vietnam Towards the end to the Twentieth century, Vietnam a rapidly changing country goes through a political and social transition, from a socialist to an open market capitalist type society. Since the late 1980\'s Vietnam has adjusted it\'s economy to compete with the world. In doing so, the country undergoes many political and social reforms. Ideals of the west have been implemented into Vietnams market economy. There is definitely a change that is occurring however the social status
World Class Soccer For many years, sports have grown up to be the main entertainment for many of it’s fans around the world. Because of it’s popularity, the intensity intends to grow more and more witch leads sometimes to violent acts by certain athletes, but how far are these athletes willing to go. Lately, intensity has led to violence acts that surpassed expectations and leaving the owners with a lot of thinking do. Through out my composition, I will talk about hockey incidents, soccer violen
World War 2 World War 2 Introduction World War 2 was one of the many wars that occurred during the 20th century. During this brutal war many countries, people, and history were changed. The factors that encourged the Germans and Japanese forces allowed them to take over other countries and kill many of people. Now, years later, from a different point of view, the Germans and Japanese accomplished nothing but just killing innocent people. The greediness behind the Germans and Japanese in the 20th
World War II On August 6, 1945 the atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The Enola Gay, piloted by Colonel Tibbetts, was chosen to make the mission. The mission was recorded as successful by Capt. William S. Parson at 9:20 A.M. This was an extremely controversial military strategy in the United States. Was the United States justified in the dropping of the atomic bomb? Yes, they were justified for many reasons. The primary reason was, that it would stop the war. Why is it th
My Quality Education For years I\'ve heard that in order to succeed one has to receive a quality education. It\'s kind of funny though, with all the talk about the need for this great quality education nobody ever says exactly what it is. While examining this strange phenomenon I\'ve discovered the basic universal elements of a "quality education". I\'ve also learned that everyone has different standards by which they judge what is and what isn\'t a quality education, different groups are treate
"Schlesinger\'s Canon Vs. My High School\'s Canon" In school, whether it be at the high school or college levels, there are usually lists of books thought as being essential reading. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.--a Pulitzer Prize winning historian--calls this list in his book The Disuniting of America, a "canon" or "canonical literature." A problem exists with this canon, at least Schlesinger claims there is. He states that the canon is being used "as an instrument of European oppression enforcing
Amerigo Vespucci Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian explorer was born in Florence, Italy in the year of 1454. Florence was a good city to grow up in for young Amerigo, because of the growing interest in the field of exploration. Some of the adults told young Amerigo about the wonders and riches of the Indies. Like the other Italian boys in his village, undoubtedly Amerigo was fascinated with by those tales. Amerigo lived in the Ognissanti section of Florence with a lot of the Vespucci family. The Vesp
The Jungle: The Appeal of Socialism During the late 1800\'s and early 1900\'s hundreds of thousands of European immigrants migrated to the United States of America. They had aspirations of success, prosperity and their own conception of the American Dream. The majority of the immigrants believed that their lives would completely change for the better and the new world would bring nothing but happiness. Advertisements that appeared in Europe offered a bright future and economic stability to these
Capital Punishment Introduction Capital punishment is punishment by death for committing a crime. Since the early 1800\'s most executions have resulted from convictions for murder. The death penalty has also been imposed for such serious crimes as armed robbery, kidnapping, rape, and treason. There is a lot of conflict between people about whether or not capital punishment is effective in discouraging crime. In the early 1990\'s, 36 states of the United States had laws that permitted the death
The Last of the Mohicans The story The Last Of The Mohicans takes place in eastern Canada and in the area of modern New York State. This area is also called the St.Lawernce Low Lands. The book takes place in the year 1757 during the third year of the colonial wars between England and France. The books main character is about a man named Hawkeye who is a white man but his parents were killed and he was raised by a mohican man named Chingachgook. In the book Hawkeye helps a English soldier named D
Civil War Jim Chen Civil war was the greatest war in American history. It was waged in 10,000 places-from Valverde, New Mexico, and Fernandina on the Florida coast. More than three million Americans fought in it and more than 600,00 men died in it. It was not only the immensity of the fight but the new weapons, the new standards of generalship, and the strategies of destruction which made the Civil War an event present ever since in the American consciousness. Here are some of the crucial events
Greek Literature GREEK LITERATURE. The great British philosopher-mathematician Alfred North Whitehead once commented that all philosophy is but a footnote to Plato . A similar point can be made regarding Greek literature as a whole. Over a period of more than ten centuries, the ancient Greeks created a literature of such brilliance that it has rarely been equaled and never surpassed. In poetry, tragedy, comedy, and history, Greek writers created masterpieces that have inspired, influenced, and c
Richard III Michael Williams In William Shakespeare\'s Richard III, we see Shakespeare\'s interpretation of despot rule and the parallels that stem from this interpretation. The character type of Richard has been examined and marveled for thousands of years. From Plato\'s examination of despot rule in the Republic, we see the motives of what drives despot rulers. A look at the background of Richard and how his upbringing and personal life contributed to his insecurities will help to understand w
Shakespeare\'s World Almost every nation on earth reads, studies and performs the works of William Shakespeare. No writer of any country, nor any age, has ever enjoyed such universal popularity. Neither has any writer been so praised. As William Hazlitt observed, "The most striking peculiarity of Shakespeare\'s mind was it\'s generic quality, its power of communication with all other minds." It is perhaps this quality that has earned Shakespeare the supreme accolade, that of lending his name to
The Doctrine of Fascism Some General Ideological Features "Reactionary concepts plus revolutionary emotion result in Fascist mentality." -Wilhelm Reich Is nationalism inherently evil? Would a one-world government be more preferable? Are appreciating and defending one\'s own culture and cultural values somehow primitive instincts that must be overcome by the educational efforts of the enlightened? We have all heard of Fascism, but our image is usually of a brutal soldier wearing a uniform emblazo
"Indians" By Jane Tompkins: How Bias Affect Ones Concept of History Whenever you are in any educational situation, you are subject to perspectives and bias of the instructors. In an essay entitled "Indians," by Jane Tompkins, it discusses how different biases may reflect upon one\'s concept of history. It is imperative to realize that when learning, which generally involves someone\'s concept of history, we are consequently subject to that person\'s perspectives that may be a result of their upb
History Repeats Itself History repeats itself. This concept applies not only within the realm of a singular nation\'s history but throughout and between nations. That is to say, that what one nation endures, throughout its economic and political history, may be compared to and be strikingly similar to that of many other nations. As we analyze social change thought the world we have noticed a cyclical pattern of histories, both economic and political, in the countries of Spain, Holland, Britain,
The Transcontinental Railroad and Westward Expansion Thesis: The transcontinental railroad greatly increased Westward expansion in the United States of America during the latter half of the nineteenth century. The history of the United States has been influenced by England in many ways. In the second half of the 1800\'s, the railroad, which was invented in England, had a major effect on Western expansion in the United States. "Railroads were born in England, a country with dense populations, sho
The Beginnings of a National Literary Tradition Canadians throughout their history have been concerned over the status of their national literature. One of the major problems facing early Canadian writers was that the language and poetic conventions that they had inherited from the Old World were inadequate for the new scenery and conditions in which they now found themselves. Writers such as Susanna Moodie, Samuel Hearne, and Oliver Goldsmith were what I would consider "Immigrant" authors. Even
The Neandertals Staring into the gloom, I imagine the cave\'s ancient inhabitants, wrapped in bear skins, huddled near a fire. The haunches of a reindeer roast in the fire. A mother nurses her infant. Children playfully throw pieces of bone into the flames. An old woman tends the wounds of a hunter with an herbal ointment. The strong smells of smoke, unwashed bodies, and rotting carcasses thicken the air. Until recently, nobody would have assumed that the above passage (Rick Gore, pp.6) was abou
Analysis of the Holocaust Analysis of the Holocaust Of all the examples of injustice against humanity in history, the Jewish Holocaust has to be one of the most promt.inen In the period of 1933 to 1945, the Nazis waged a vicious war against Jews and other lesser races . This war came to a head with the Final Solution in 1938. One of the end results of the Final Solution was the horrible concentration and death camps of Germany, Poland, and other parts of Nazi-controlled Europe. In the aftermath
Beginnings of a National Literature The Beginnings of a National Literary Tradition Canadians throughout their history have been concerned over the status of their national literature. One of the major problems facing early Canadian writers was that the language and poetic conventions that they had inherited from the Old World were inadequate for the new scenery and conditions in which they now found themselves. Writers such as Susanna Moodie, Samuel Hearne, and Oliver Goldsmith were what I woul
Broadcasting Abstract This essay intends to discuss the following statement; Digital Broadcasting will have a fundamental effect on viewing patterns, popular culture and audience identity. This will be done firstly by looking at the history of the BBC and the original intention of Public Service Broadcasting. It will discuss how by John Reith’s successful approach to broadcasting, the BBC became a National Institution creating popular culture and a National Identity. It will examine how these fi
Catherine The Great Catherine the Great: Empress of Russia, (1762-1796) History 120, Section 4 Russell Smith Dr. Homer December 2, 1999 One of the most interesting, hard-working and powerful people to grace the pages of history during the eighteenth century was Catherine II, Empress of Russia. Historians have not always been so kind to her memory, and all too often one reads accounts of her private life, ignoring her many achievements. The stories of her love affairs have been overly misinterpre
Sociology: The Comparative Method Sociologists have embraced what is known as the comparative method as the most efficient way to expose taken-for-granted \'truths\' or laws that people have adopted. But what is this comparative method and how does it work? Are there any advantages/disadvantages to exposing these false \'truths\'. What forms or variations of the comparative method exist? In the pages to follow I will attempt to give you some insight and understanding of what the comparative meth
Terrorism 1) It is very difficult to resolve the international problem of terrorism for several major reasons. Terrorists usually don\'t claim responsibility for their actions until the fuse is lit, it\'s not a case of Jack The Ripper sending an ear to the cops and warning them who his next victim will be. Terrorists usually do claim responsibility for their actions after the media is aware that something happened, this gains recognition for their cause, which is often the reason they resort to
The Battle of the Spanish Armada The great naval battle between Spain and England in 1588- one of the most important battles in the history of the world- is known as the Battle of the Invincible Armada. But in a sense, this is a misnomer. An invincible armada is one that cannot be defeated, yet the mighty fleet of warships that Spain sent to invade England, was defeated so badly that Spain could never again rule the oceans. How was it possible that this armada, which had awed all of Europe with
(Dwight D. Eisenhower) Dwight D. Eisenhower was born on October 14,1890 in Denison Texas. His parents were David Jacob Eisenhower and Ida Stover Eisenhower. He had two older brothers Arthur and Edgar and three youger ones Roy,Earl and Milton. Predictions made in his highschool year book saw Dwight as becoming a history professor and strangly enough his older brother Edgar becoming President of the UnitedStates. Many happenings in Dwight’s life show leadership ability. In 1941 Eisenhower was appo
The Cult of True Womanhood The "Cult of True Womanhood" has greatly influenced society throughout all of America\'s history. This set of standards was first accepted and practiced by all of the European colonies. They were then passed through the generations and, in many cases, still exist. I\'ll describe the essay, "The Cult of True Womanhood," and discuss my views on it. I\'ll then illustrate how these standards are still present in today\'s society. First, I\'ll discuss the essay. It\'s easie
Shamanism Shamanism in Anthropology has been an entity in a constant metamorphosis. It has always been considered exotic and its existence around the globe was never contradicted. However, over the years it did not receive the scholarly attention that it so requires. The age of discovery garnered a multitude of information on shamanism all over the world. The reporters invested a great deal of accuracy in the gathering of the information, but their observational skills were mostly underdeveloped
World War II The 1930\'s were a very turbulent time period for the entire world. Many events occurred during this time that lead to World War II. It all began with a few events that set the stage for the entire thing. Things continued to get worse, until finally, the seemingly inevitable happened. There were several events that set the stage for the upcoming crisis. In Europe, Germany specifically, Adolf Hitler had gained control. Hitler was the head of the Nazi party, a Fascist political group.
Jane Tompkins Indians Whenever you are in any educational situation, you are subject to perspectives and bias of the instructors. In an essay entitled "Indians," by Jane Tompkins, it discusses how different biases may reflect upon one\'s concept of history. It is imperative to realize that when learning, which generally involves someone\'s concept of history, we are consequently subject to that person\'s perspectives that may be a result of their upbringing. In the essay Tompkins regarding histo
Judaism\'s Modernization In America The Jewish way of life has been affected in a tremendous way by the people of the United States of America. By the time of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, there were only 2500 Jews in America. For forty years beginning in 1840, 250,000 Jews (primarily from Germany, Hungary, and Bohemia) entered this country. Anti-Semitism and economic woes in Eastern Europe went from bad to worse after the pogroms of 1881-1882. Almost three million Eastern Euro
Literature - A Mirror Of Society The literature of a country is affected and influenced by how the people of that country live. This paper will prove that The French Revolution greatly influenced 19th Century French Romanticism. First, the cultural values of the revolution will be identified. Then, the different aspects of Romanticism will be presented. The cultural values of The French Revolution and Romanticism will then be linked. Finally, literary examples will be shown to support this conne
The 1920s Entertainment in America was appearing all over the place. People wanted an escape from reality, they wanted to escape life. To do this, they turned to entertainment. In music, Jazz was the big hit. White composers popularized Jazz. Irving Berlin\'s Alexander Ragtime Band was a big hit through the masses. The most powerful form of entertainment was the movies. The movies were generally controlled by brilliant Jews who spent countless hours perfecting it. Great movie stars directors wer
The Purpose Of A Government February/2004 Hist. 2 sects 6,7,8 Government is something that every society needs. In order for people to coexist, there must be a sense of order and protection. However, government is never perfect. Throughout history, men like Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels tried to shape an utopian society and they had their own views on the purpose of the government. These men believed that society was based on two social systems, the Proletarian and the Bourgeoisie and that the
Odds on - creating and maintaining a national art collection in South Africa The mainstay of any museum is its permanent collection. The story of the initiators and major benefactors of the South African National Gallery (SANG) is a significant one which cannot be told here, but which all the same has to be mentioned and acknowledged. The first efforts towards the formation of an art gallery in Cape Town were made in 1871 by the South African Fine Arts Association, and were given further impetus
The Cask of Amontillado Outline 5º C 12/09/04 Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849) American poet, a master of the horror tale, credited with practically inventing the detective story. Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts, to parents who were itinerant actors. His father David Poe Jr. died probably in 1810 and his mother Elizabeth Hopkins Poe in 1811. Edgar was taken into the home of a Richmond merchant John Allan and brought up partly in England (1815-20), where he attend
A Walk Through Chinese Dynasties History 105 Research Paper Over the years China has grown to have an exquisite culture, and to be a leader in the industrial empire. China has made some of the largest discoveries and has built some of the worlds greatest structures. Much of this happened in ancient times under the rule of Chinese emperors. The rule of the different empires spaned over many decades. Each new emperor trying to do something which they would be remembered for. The result is an impr
Acid Rain Acid rain forms when sulfur and nitrogen dioxides combine with moisture in the atmosphere to produce rain, snow, or another kind of precipitation. This kind of pollution may also be suspended in fog or deposited in a dry form. Acid rain is most common in North America and Europe. Acid rain has also been detected in other areas of the world such as tropical rain forests of Africa. Canada has placed limitations on the sulfur emissions. The United States has not, so the emissions may stil
“Battle of Britain” 1 Social Studies/L.A. Grade 8-206 April 2, 2004 The Battle of Britain was the most important battle in World War II. The battle not only held the only existing allied front left in Europe, but it also showed the power of Britain’s newest inventions, such as SONAR and RADAR. The battle began on July 10, 1940, shortly after the conquering of France. Hitler tried waiting out Britain but Britain proved they were ready to defend themselves. Hitler outnumbered the RAF (Royal Air Fo
Behind Enemy Lines Hist. 17B 1 Starring: Owen Wilson, Gene Hackman Director: John Moore Rated: PG-13 Run Times: 105 minutes Release Date: November 2001 Genres: Action, Suspense, War Behind Enemy Lines takes place sometime in the mid ‘90s, at around the time when the different factions engaged in war within the borders of the former Yugoslavia the Bosnians, Serbs, and Croats had all agreed to a ceasefire brokered by the United States. NATO, under command of European commanders, were in charge of
Expansionist policy at the end of the 19th Century By the end of the 19th Century, America’s expansionist policy and a dynamic economy had delivered the ‘eagle’ to the status of world power. The ‘Splendid Little War’[1] of 1898 eloquently vindicated an expansionist policy, and provided a solution to the economic problems which had faced America since 1893. Although expansionism had been omnipotent before the war, the nature of the victory and the strategic reality that it confounded, authorised
COLORED TROOPS IN UNITED STATES HISTORY UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS Before Fort Sumter, South Carolina was fired upon on April 12, 1861, seven states in the deep south had seceded from the Union, and a Convention was held in Montgomery, Alabama which adopted a Constitution and elected Jefferson Davis as President of the Confederate States of America. Shortly thereafter, four more states seceded, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. Slave states remaining in the Union were Missouri
CAJUN AND CREOLE CUISINE Cajun and Creole cooking are recognized as part of the best America’s oldest and richest regional cuisines. These cultures have their history dating back 300 years ago. The roots of these styles came from the European cuisine, French, German and Spanish, and also from the African people. Cajun country, also called Acadiana, runs 300 miles aprox. from the marshes of the Gulf coast to Texas and includes the inland prairies, accounting for almost one-third of Louisiana. Th
Chapter 41: “The Stormy Sixties” 1960 – 1968 I. Kennedy’s “New Frontier” Spirit 1. In 1960, young, energetic John F. Kennedy was elected to president of the United States—the youngest man ever elected to that office. 2. The 1960s would bring a sexual revolution, a civil rights revolutions, the emergence of a “youth culture,” a devastating war in Vietnam, and the beginnings of a feminist revolution. 3. JFK delivered a stirring inaugural address, and he also assembled a very young cabinet, includi
Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus also known in Italian as Cristoforo Colombo and in Spanish as Critobal Colon was born in Genoa, Italy in 1451 and died sometime in 1506. Considerably one of the greatest and most mentioned figure in American history. Why? One can simply say because his voyages mark the beginning of continuous European efforts to explore and colonize the “Americas”. Although most of Columbus’ life to this day is unknown historians do know one that is for sure; his voyage
Where I am…@#%* …Bank of China Tower Bank of China Tower, known as the tallest building in Hong Kong and Asia from 1989 to 1992, is 1,209-foot and it is a fitting building. The Tower sits in the central business district, a ribbon of land densely packed with banks and office buildings squeezed between mountain and harbor. It is one of the busiest, crowded, active, frenetic cities in the world. After experiencing it, I was attracted by its visual context and its special features, as this modern b
The Age of Enlightenment 5/8/04 World History Enlightenment essay The Age of Enlightenment saw many great changes in Western Europe. It was an age of reason and philosophes. During this age, changes the likes of which had not been seen since ancient times took place. Such change affected evert pore of Western European society. Many might argue that the Enlightenment really did not bring any real change, however, there exists and overwhelming amount of facts which prove, without question, that th