The Masters of the Renaissance: Leonardo, Raphael, Essay

This essay has a total of 1080 words and 6 pages.


The Masters of the Renaissance: Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo, and Donatello


The purpose of this project is to educate the reader more about these four magnificent
artists who enlightened the Renaissance Era with their beautiful art work and with many
other of their talents.



Leonardo Da Vinci, who lived from 1452 to 1519, was a recognized inventor and artisan. He
was born in the town of Vinci, Italy. His upbringing was very good, he was given the best
education that money could offer and he became a very bright man. He was taught about
painting while working as a studio boy to a well-known painter and sculptor, Andrea De
Verocchio.



Da Vinci eventually left his apprenticeship to become a master painter. Da Vinci is most
known for being the painter of the Mona Lisa (1503-1506), a painting that is greatly
treasured in our society. Da Vinci was also known for very rarely finishing paintings,
which he started. His works were mainly observed in Florence, Italy, but for a few years
he resided in Milan, where he created another highly important piece of his career, the
Virgin of the Rocks (1506-1508). Although in his 67 years of life he spent only a small
portion painting he has impacted many people with his beautiful paintings and has even
come to inspire other artisans.



An artisan who was inspired by Da Vinci was Raphael (Sanzio). Raphael was born in Urbino,
Italy. Raphael’s father who was a minor painter and a poet died when Raphael was 11 years
old. Later on in his life he went to Perugia as an apprentice to his father's friend, the
painter Perugino. Gradually he became a greater artist than his teacher. From 1504 to 1508
Raphael spent most of his time in Florence. In this great cultural center he met
Michelangelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, he studied and copied the works of these and other
artists and quickly absorbed the new Florentine style. Raphael spent the last 12 years of
his life in Rome. He was called to the city in 1508, when Pope Julius II decided to have
certain rooms in the Vatican redecorated. When he saw Raphael's sketches, he asked the
young artist to redecorate the four walls of four rooms in the Pope's private apartments
with frescoes. In these murals Raphael showed his genius for grouping crowds of
magnificent figures. He is well known for his work, School of Athens (1509). The 'School
of Athens' shows Plato and Aristotle surrounded by philosophers past and present, this
painting illustrates the continuity of Platonic thought. Raphael died on his 37th
birthday, on April 6th 1520.



Donatello was another legendary artist but in a different field than Raphael and Da Vinci.
Donatello is known to be on e of the greatest sculptors of all time, so great of an artist
that his techniques are still used today. Donatello (Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi) was
born in 1386, and died at the age of 80 in 1466.He was born in Florence, Italy. Donatello
started practicing the art of sculpting at the age of 20. Later, on in his life he became
a humanist and studied roman ruins. He started his own shop in Florence where he created
many of his masterpieces. Donatello was greatly influenced by antique art and Humanist
theories. His statues display, for the first time since antiquity, the human body as a
functional organism. The city of Florence paid for the famous sculpture of David (1409),
however many people complained that he was very hard to work with. David was the first
nude statue of the renaissance. Donatello invented the shallow relief technique, in which
the sculpture seems deep but is actually done on a very shallow plane. He also made the
first bronze sculpture paving the way for other sculptors to use other types of materials.
Donatello was not an intellect as Da Vinci and as another famous sculptor was
Michelangelo.



Michelangelo (Buonarroti) was born on March 6, 1475 in Caprese, Italy. He became a very
well known sculptor in history. Michelangelo’s mother was very ill during his childhood
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