The Leiden Hymns Essay

This essay has a total of 733 words and 5 pages.

The Leiden Hymns


Ancient Egyptian Poetry


The Leiden Hymns evoke images of the sun god as one preeminent god, master of all
creation, and the father of all other gods. This group of poems was found written on
papyrus and can be dated from the reign of Ramses II (1238 B.C.) who was one of the
greatest pharaohs of this era. It was probably composed by a poet-priest who uses
metaphor extensively to evoke the image of the all creative being, Amun. As a poem of
evocation, it has echoes that may be heard in the language of the Old and New Testaments.
The poet uses human experience to express the inexpressible in his praise of Amun.



In the readings the writer conveys the meaning that these fixed objects, such as the sun,
moon, and stars are all powerful. In the Egyptian style poetry we see how celestial
bodies, such as the horizon, the stars, and of course the sun, and moon are full of great
might. I can understand how people could and still do worship these objects of powerful,
because they give and offer so much. The light for nighttime, the heat for day, and the
sun’s rays nurture plants to name a few. The Leiden Hymns are similar to the Old and New
Testaments. The Old and New Testament of the Christian works make us aware that there is
a supreme being, God Almighty, and his awesome power, and authority are to be feared. In
contrast both forms of poetry help us to understand the language of worship and praise of
these supreme beings. I sense a notion of perfection in both poetry styles. Christianity,
as we studied, puts emphasis on the idea of perfection. The Leiden Hymns states: He
cared, and the sacred form took shape and contour, splendid at birth! God, skilled in the
intricate ways of the craftsman, first fashioned Himself to perfection.”



In each of these readings, the sun, the earth, the water and the livestock are all forces
of human life that are at the mercy of God. The Leiden Hymns and the Old Testament both
give gratifying praise to the sun. Often prayers are ended in gratitude to the sun and the
Holy Spirit. By knowing that the sun is a symbol of praise, the readings are better
understood. The sun is seen as an ultimate power in the universe:



How splendid you ferry the skyways,


Horus of Twin Horizons,

Continues for 3 more pages >>




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