The Invisible Man
In the novel, The Invisible Man, by Ralph Ellison, written in 1952, a young black man\'s struggle to find an identity in a harsh and very manipulative society is exemplified. The narrator \'s experience and struggles are often expressed through the memory of his grandfather\'s words, the people he has come in contact with, and the places ha has been. During the course of his life, he has learned many valuable lessons, both about society and himself. This is demonstrated by elements of the plot, characters, setting, and the underlying theme, and the application of foreshadowing. The moral message of the novel is as follows: You can never judge a book by it\'s cover, because the narrator thought the brotherhood was all together as one, but in reality they were just using him for what he had to offer; being a good public speaker.
The story begins with the narrator recounting his memories of his grandfather. The most remarkable, and eventually the most haunting, of these is his memory of his grandfather\'s last words in which he claims to have been a traitor to his own people and urges his son to "overcome \'em with yeses, undermine \'em with grins, agree \'em to death and destruction, let \'em swoller you till they vomit or bust wide open." These words remain imprinted in the narrator\'s mind throughout the book, although he never fully understands their meaning. His grandfather\'s words eventually serve as catalyst for his subsequent disillusionments, the first of which occurs directly after he graduates from high school.
At this time, the narrator is invited to give a speech at a gathering of the town \'s leading white citizens. The speech he is planning to give expresses the view that humility is the essence of progress. Subconsciously, the words of his grandfather prevent him from truly believing the thesis of his own speech, but he gives it anyway. Instead of being shown respect for his work, however, he is humiliated by being made to fight blind-folded against other young black men, and then being shocked by an electrified rug.(Nadel 24-25) He pretends not to be angered by these events, yet his true feelings escape him for a moment when, while he is reading his speech, he accidentally says "Social equality," instead of "Social responsibility." After he finishes his speech, he is awarded a new briefcase. Inside the briefcase is a scholarship to the state Negro College. That night he has a dream in which his grandfather tells him to open the briefcase and read what is in the envelope. He finds that it says "To Whom It May Concern, Keep This Nigger-Boy Running." Unfortunately, he is still too disillusioned to grasp the meaning of his grandfather\'s warnings.(Benston 15-16)
During his Junior year at college, the narrator drives for Mr. Norton, one of the college founders that is visiting the campus. During the drive, Mr. Norton tells the narrator that he is his destiny. The narrator, however, fails to understand this statement until several years later, when he finally understands the real nature of his own exploitation.(Trimmer 65)
While driving, the narrator and Mr. Norton pass by an old log cabin. Mr. Norton becomes curious about the two pregnant women washing clothes in the yard. The narrator explains that one is the wife of Jim Trueblood and the other is his daughter and that he impregnated them both. Mr. Norton is astonished by this and decides to go talk with Trueblood. Trueblood explains how it happened, and Mr. Norton is so disturbed that when he gets back into the car, he becomes sick and instructs the narrator to get him a drink.
The narrator drives to a local bar and tries to buy a drink to take outside to Mr. Norton, but the bartender won\'t let him. The narrator is forced to carry the now unconscious Mr. Norton into the bar.(Reilly 55) When Mr. Norton awakes, he is harassed by several mental health patients, and leaves in utter disgust. When Dr. Bledsoe, the head of the narrator\'s college finds out what happened, he expels the narrator. When the narrator threatens to fight him, Dr. Bledsoe explains to the narrator the true nature of his power. He tells the narrator that he doesn\'t