This essay Steinbeck has a total of 3137 words and 17 pages.


John Ernst Steinbeck was an American author, famous for his novels concerning the poor and the oppressed Californian farmers and laborers of the 1930\'s and 1940\'s, who were victimized by industry and finance. His most famous novel, The Grapes of Wrath, won the 1940 Pulitzer Prize. His main themes involved the struggles of the poor and the oppressed to survive in modern society, and the confrontation between man and his destiny.1 Steinbeck wrote 17 novels, numerous short stories, several plays, and some nonfiction . He won the Nobel prize for literature in 1962.2
John Steinbeck was born February 27, 1902, in Salinas, California. Salinas is in a fertile agricultural valley about 25 miles from the Pacific Coast. His childhood was spent in California near Monterey. The Salinas area provided the setting for most of his fiction. He was an intelligent, sensitive boy and spent much time exploring nature.3 His parents were of German and Irish parentage. They were neither rich not poor, but lived a comfortable existence in Salinas.4 His father, John Ernst, a county treasurer, was sympathetic to his son\'s wanting to become a writer.5 His mother, Olive Ernst (nee Hamilton), was a schoolteacher and did much to encourage him to read. He was provided with an extensive library at home1 and spent much of his time reading when he was not outside exploring nature.
All his childhood schooling was in the Salinas area. He graduated from Salinas High School in 1919.2 He had been president of his senior class, active on both the track and basketball teams, and had wrote for the El Gabilan, the Salinas High School paper. 3 After graduation, he attended Stanford University in California. He was a special student from 1919-1925. Steinbeck off and on took courses in literature and courses in writing, but he earned less than half the required credits,4 and did not receive a degree from Stanford. He left school in November of 1925 for New York City. He hoped to become a writer but was he was soon back in California.5
Steinbeck was a very private person and his married life seems sketchy in most profiles. He married Carol Henning in 1930 and they were divorced in 1943. He next married Gwyn Conger, who was a writer, singer, and composer, on March 29, 1943, but they were divorced in 1948. He had two children, Tom and John, in this marriage. He married one more time,

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