Robert Boyle

This essay Robert Boyle has a total of 845 words and 4 pages.

Robert Boyle


Drug use has been a part of competitive sport for almost a century. At the
first olympics in Athens in 1896, marathon runners drank a mixture of brandy and
strychnine to help them on their ways and used opiates to control pain during a race.
Use of alcohol was very common in the early years of the twentieth century.
It might be argued that the first athletes to use drugs to enhance their
performance were, in fact, cheating. We need to remember that drug use is not new.
East Germany athletes used drugs to enhance their performance. Soviet Union
was also involved in drug experimentation. In the United States the drug culture
had become so widespread that steroids and stimulants were known to every high
school coach. The use of drug was believed by athletes to enhance performance, in
one way or another.
Until 1960, nothing was done about the issue. The sports council of Europe
officially moved against drugs when it tabled a resolution calling for the banning of
drugs on ethical, moral and medical grounds.
The Olympic games, even though they are only held every 4 years, represent
the pinnacle of sporting achievement. The International Olympic Committee (IOC)
has a critical role to play in demanding extensive drug testing and in providing
funding for such testing.
This is a controversial issue. The IOC believes that each of the international
federations which governs particular sports should be responsible for its own
This seems reasonable enough, but it is argued that the Olympic Games are
the highest profile competition in the world and the most prestigious. The world
stops to watch them and they represent the culmination of years of work for athletes.
Winning a gold medal is the glory to any sporting career.
Urine testing is the usual testing method, and it doesn’t reveal the full range
of drugs taken to enhance performance. Blood testing is a more efficient way, it can
detect drugs that urine testing cannot.
By the beginning of the 1980s, the use of anabolic steroids had become quite
common. These drugs - and the allied substances, testosterone and human growth
hormone - were basic muscle builders. They increased mass and strength, while
producing, as one side effect, a heightened aggression.
In other words, they made winners in sports.
The problem seems to be in the definition of drug. For example, if it is all
right for a competitor to take

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