History of Computing Devices (Computers) Essay

This essay has a total of 379 words and 2 pages.

History of Computing Devices (Computers)

By:Daniel Habay

In order to see why we invented computers we must look at how they WERE used and how they
ARE used today. One of the first major uses of computers was to aid mathematical
pursuits. As computers went along they added to the fields of science and literature.
Computers also filled a need, the need to be lazy. It was once said that the perfect
combination was laziness and intelligence. I believe in that because you can see how
computers are being used today. We use them in Auto factories, basic cleaning, and other
menial tasks. I will show you how computers have progressed along and today how they are
used to the benefit of everyone in pursuits of math, literature, and science.


The first computing device was a digital one. I am speaking of the human hand. Fingers
being Digits, thus into the digital computer. This type of computing device was easily
accessible but was limited in the sense that it could not go beyond 10. Later on someone
came up with the brilliant idea of using smooth pebbles in a container or notches on a
sick or bone. A while after that someone came up with the idea to use compressed plant
fibers and burnt wood and in doing so they created a familiar counting device all by
themselves, they had created the paper and pencil combination that is still used today. A
while after that a clay table with grooves in it was used as a calculating device. Smooth
pebbles, stones, or clay marbles were placed in the grooves and rolled from one side of
Continues for 1 more page >>




  • Lord of the Flies- Fear is the Source of All Evil
    Lord of the Flies- Fear is the Source of All Evil The Lord of the Flies is all about fear. Golding seems to be suggesting that fear, and its complications are the source of all evil. Throughout the novel, the boys show fear in many things. They see and hear assorted things on the island and assume them to be beasts to be dreaded. After much disorder and turmoil on the island, a group of hunters offer a gift to the much sought after and feared beast. A young boy, who is not a part of the group of
  • Night
    Night NIGHT BY ELIE WIESEL Madame Shacter was screaming about the fire, the huge flames and the furnace that she could see. Then she was begging the people on the train to believe her but instead they gagged her and tied her up. In a way, Madame Shacter was prophesying about the crematories at the death camps, the huge flames and the furnaces that turn the Jewish nation into ashes. "I believe profoundly. During the day I studied the Talmud, and at night I run to the synagogue to weep over the de
  • Possible Major
    Possible Major For the subject of my research paper I chose the occupation of Industrial Engineering Technology. This job is very similar to one I might have since my major might be Industrial Technology. The industrial field is one that I am very interested in and offers many different jobs to choose from. A few of the jobs included in the industrial field are; Industrial Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Industrial Distributor (sales), and various management positions. All of these are demanding
  • Gangs
    Gangs Introduction I. -A Los Angeles family takes a wrong turn into gang territory and is fired upon. A 3-year-old is killed and her 2-year-old brother wounded. -A Chinese immigrant in Brooklyn is kidnapped by a Chinatown gang which demands ransom payments from her family. She is murdered when the family fails to pay. -Two FBI agents and a police sergeant are murdered inside the Washington, D.C. police headquarters by a gang member. -A Pittsburgh police sergeant walking home with his daughter is
  • Drug Smuggling
    Drug Smuggling Drug smuggling is on a current up raise and there seems to be no way of stunting it growth. But here a some ways some states are trying to slow the rate of drug smuggling. In Illinois there is a program called “Operation Cash Crop” or the OCC. This is a combine of the ISP and the DEA. It\'s goal is to locate places where marijuana is grown then destroy all of it\'s gardens. During the span of 1983-88 these “OCC” led to 442 arrest and destroyed over 2 million marijuana plants. And
  • The Computer Market and Retailers: A Saturated Mar
    The Computer Market and Retailers: A Saturated Market Computer dealers are crowding shopping districts, and some analysts think the market is becoming saturated. In Connecticut alone, the two major shopping districts, Buckland and the Berlin Turnpike, for instance, shoppers can compare equipment and costs at Nobody Beats the Wiz, Lechmere, Circut City, Staples, and Office Max - all within minutes in one another. Yet, computer retailers insist that there has been a need for more stores - specific
  • Australia
    Australia INTRODUCTION Australia, island continent located southeast of Asia and forming, with the nearby island of Tasmania, the commenwealth of Australia, a self governing member of the Commenwealth of Nations. The commenwealth of Australia is made up of six states--News south Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Wester n Australia--and two territories--the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory. Australia, including Tasmania but excluding external terri
  • International Business Ventures
    International Business Ventures Measuring a potential business venture has many aspects which the international manager must be aware of in order to convey the correct information back to the decision makers. Being ignorant to any of the aspects can lead to a false representation of the project, and hence an uninformed decision being passed. In order for a business to survive it must grow. For growth to be optimal, management must first be able to identify the most attractive prospective leads.
  • Business Plan
    Business Plan Business Plan: Progressive Consulting What follows is a complete business plan for a hypothetical company. Please copy or save to your disk and use as an example in developing your own business plan. If you would like to read a series of articles jump to Web Marketing . For additional business aids click on The Practical Tools of Consulting 1. 0 Executive Summary Progressive Consulting will be formed as a consulting company specializing in marketing of high technology products in i
  • Economic Systems of Different Countries
    Economic Systems of Different Countries Canada: The Government of Canada is a Federal Parliamentary Democracy and a member of the Common Wealth. The Prime Minister of Canada is the Honorable Jean Chretien. The Deputy Prime Minister is Sheila Copps and the Governor General is Romeo LeBlanc. There are five major political parties in Canada they are; the Progressive Conservatives, the Liberal Party, New Democratic Party, the Reform Party, and the Bloc Quebecois. The GNP per capita (1991) was ,93
  • Germany
    Germany On October 3, 1990, the states of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) shed their last ties to their Soviet created structure and joined the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany). The 23rd article of West Germany\'s 1949 constitution, the Basic Law, had been drafted specifically to allow for such an arrival from the East. But as the 1980s drew to a close, few Germans on either side of the border expected it to be used in their lifetime. Yet, in less than a year the beginnin
  • Investing In Canada
    Investing In Canada Investing In Canada - Factors that are attractive for direct investment in Canada. Canada is the second largest country in the world, occupying close to 10 million square kilometres of land bounded by the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans. Canada shares a 6,000 kilometre border and the five largest freshwater lakes in the world with the United States. Known as the Great Lakes, they provide a route to the Atlantic via the St.- Lawrence Seaway, permitting direct access to int
  • NAFTA
    NAFTA The North America market is one of the richest in the world. Measured in terms of GDP, it is the equivalent of Western Europe. But with a somewhat smaller population, GDP per capita in North America, Canada, Mexico and the U.S., is around 12 percent higher than in Western Europe. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which came into effect January 1, 1994, sets out the schedule for tariff elimination for members.. As a small country, Canada has always been careful in it\'s deali
  • NAFTA: Canada's & Mexico's Viewpoints
    NAFTA: Canada\'s & Mexico\'s Viewpoints When the Canada/U.S. free trade agreement came into effect, the Mexican\'s were very impressed by the provision and opportunities that opened for both sides. Mexico then approached the U.S., seeking to form a similar agreement with them. This brought forth a new issue in Canada, should they let Mexico and the U.S. form an agreement without them? Or should they participate, thus transforming their deal with the U.S. into a trilateral agreement including Mex
  • Prologue of History
    Prologue of History Until statehood, Hawaii was ruled economically by a consortium of corporations known as the "Big Five": C. Brewer and Co., sugar, ranching, and chemicals, founded in 1826; Theo. H. Davies & Co., sugar, investments, insurance, and transportation, founded in 1845; Amfac Inc. (originally H. Hackfield Inc.-a German firm that changed its name and ownership during the anti-German sentiment of WW I to American Factors), sugar, insurance, and land development, founded in 1849; Castle
  • 20th Century (Public Relation)
    20th Century (Public Relation) MARKETING 438 PUBLIC RELATIONS MAJOR CASE PRESENTATION 20TH CENTURY INSURANCE COMPANY BY Branson C. Nicholson Nichelle Cox Rhonda Porter 1lb4198 02/17/99 Instructor: Paula Becker UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX Long Beach Campus Table of Contents History, Position, Targeted Market, Goals Page 3 Northridge Earthquake, Crisis Page 4 Comeback Kid, Results of PR Campaign Page 6 Developing a Crisis Plan, Page 7 Crisis Team, Milestones for Communication Page 8 Issues Page 9 Plan A
  • Bill of Rights
    Bill of Rights How many rights do you have? You should check, because it might not be as many today as it was a few years ago, or even a few months ago. Some people I talk to are not concerned that police will execute a search warrant without knocking or that they set up roadblocks and stop and interrogate innocent citizens. They do not regard these as great infringements on their rights. But when you put current events together, there is information that may be surprising to people who have not
  • Australia, A Country Report
    Australia, A Country Report INTRODUCTION Australia, island continent located southeast of Asia and forming, with the nearby island of Tasmania, the commenwealth of Australia, a self governing member of the Commenwealth of Nations. The commenwealth of Australia is made up of six states--News south Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Wester n Australia--and two territories--the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory. Australia, including Tasmania but exclud
  • Breaching International Markets
    Breaching International Markets Measuring a potential business venture has many aspects which the international manager must be aware of in order to convey the correct information back to the decision makers. Being ignorant to any of the aspects can lead to a false representation of the project, and hence an uninformed decision being passed. In order for a business to survive it must grow. For growth to be optimal, management must first be able to identify the most attractive prospective leads.
  • Business Plan
    Business Plan Business Plan Business Plan: Progressive Consulting What follows is a complete business plan for a hypothetical company. Please copy or save to your disk and use as an example in developing your own business plan. If you would like to read a series of articles jump to Web Marketing . For additional business aids click on The Practical Tools of Consulting 1. 0 Executive Summary Progressive Consulting will be formed as a consulting company specializing in marketing of high technology
  • Business Sample
    Business Sample Introduction to the Sample Plan The following document is a sample of a finished business plan. In your final plan, you have the opportunity to elaborate on those ideas in your outline that you feel are most integral to your business. In composing your business plan, you can follow your outline as loosely or closely as you choose. For instance, in the sample plan, the Executive Summary, which is the last section of the Business Planning Wizard, is presented first in order to emph
  • Company Insights on BP
    Company Insights on BP On August 30, we all chose 5 stocks to evaluate before purchasing. At this time I chose BP AMOCO, Microsoft, Western Digital, Toys-R-Us, and Fortune Financial Incorporated. After a few weeks of tracking these stocks, I chose to keep BP AMOCO, Microsoft, and Western Digital, because the stocks were relatively stable and most of them were on the rise at this time. As you are aware, we were given ,000.00 to invest in our three chosen stocks, which breaks down to ,000.00
  • 'Computer Stores Arriving In Volume'
    \'Computer Stores Arriving In Volume\' Computer dealers are crowding shopping districts, and some analysts think the market is becoming saturated. In Connecticut alone, the two major shopping districts, Buckland and the Berlin Turnpike, for instance, shoppers can compare equipment and costs at Nobody Beats the Wiz, Lechmere, Circut City, Staples, and Office Max - all within minutes in one another. Yet, computer retailers insist that there has been a need for more stores - specifically their own
  • Corporate Structure - Colesmyer
    Corporate Structure - Colesmyer Introduction Corporate structure is the way in which the parts of a corporation are put together. Corporations usually have several strategic business units (SBUs). These SBUs are also called strategy centers, strategic planning units, or independent business units (Jain, 1990, p.17). Kotler (1997, p.71) states that an SBU is a single business or collection of related businesses that can be planned separately from the rest of the company. An SBU can be a company d
  • Economic Systems
    Economic Systems ECONOMIC SYSTEMS ASSIGNMENT Canada: The Government of Canada is a Federal Parliamentary Democracy and a member of the Common Wealth. The Prime Minister of Canada is the Honorable Jean Chretien. The Deputy Prime Minister is Sheila Copps and the Governor General is Romeo LeBlanc. There are five major political parties in Canada they are; the Progressive Conservatives, the Liberal Party, New Democratic Party, the Reform Party, and the Bloc Quebecois. The GNP per capita (1991) was $
  • Economic Consequences of Software Crime
    Economic Consequences of Software Crime Economic Consequences of Software Crime In 1996 worldwide illegal copying of domestic and international software cost .2 billion to the software industry, with a loss of .1 billion in the North America alone. Some sources put the total up-to-date losses, due to software crime, as high as .7 trillion. On the next page is a regional breakdown of software piracy losses for 1994. Estimates show that over 40 percent of North American software company rev
  • Ergonomics in Clerical Environments
    Ergonomics in Clerical Environments ERGONOMICS IN OFFICE AND CLERICAL ENVIRONMENTS ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGEMENT 200 GROUP PROJECT WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT Ergonomics is becoming one of the most important aspects of administrative management. Since the introduction of computers, offices are becoming more technologically based. Employees are spending greater amounts of time in the office and therefore must be comfortable to remain productive. Workers that feel stressed and do not like their work environmen
  • Health & Safety
    Health & Safety “The Great Atlantic and Pacific Company of Canada is committed to providing both employees and customers with a safe and healthy working and shopping environment. All reasonable efforts will be made to eliminate hazardous conditions and unsafe practices from the workplace”. We will be examining how Dominion takes precaution to protect workers, provides information, instruction and supervision to workers to protect their health and safety, and how they advise workers of potential
  • Investing in Canada
    Investing in Canada Investing In Canada - Factors that are attractive for direct investment in Canada. Canada is the second largest country in the world, occupying close to 10 million square kilometres of land bounded by the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans. Canada shares a 6,000 kilometre border and the five largest freshwater lakes in the world with the United States. Known as the Great Lakes, they provide a route to the Atlantic via the St.- Lawrence Seaway, permitting direct access to int
  • Marketing NotesChapter 1 - Marketing In a Changing
    Marketing NotesChapter 1 - Marketing In a Changing WorldWhat is marketing?- Creating customer value and stratification are at the very heart of modernmarketing thinking and practice.Market Defined- Markets always focus at satisfying customers needs- Marketing: A social and managerial process by which individuals and groupsobtain what they need and want through creating exchanging products and valuewith others.- Needs: States of felt deprivation- Wants: Are the form taken by human needs as they a
  • Mexico
    Mexico Mexico Country Profile Country Formal Name: United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicans). Short Form: Mexico. Term for Citizen(s): Mexican(s). Capital: Mexico City (called Mééxico or Ciudad de Mééxico in country). Date of Independence: September 16, 1810 (from Spain). National Holidays: May 5, commemorating the victory over the French at the Battle of Puebla; September 16, Independence Day. Mexico Geography Size: 1,972,550 square kilometers--third largest nation in Latin America (after
  • NAFTA
    NAFTA Hand over the rights to Jen schriver NAFTA - Canada’s & Mexico’s Viewpoints When the Canada/U.S. free trade agreement came into effect, the Mexican’s were very impressed by the provision and opportunities that opened for both sides. Mexico then approached the U.S., seeking to form a similar agreement with them. This brought forth a new issue in Canada, should they let Mexico and the U.S. form an agreement without them? Or should they participate, thus transforming their deal with the U.S.
  • NAFTA
    NAFTA NAFTA The North America market is one of the richest in the world. Measured in terms of GDP, it is the equivalent of Western Europe. But with a somewhat smaller population, GDP per capita in North America, Canada, Mexico and the U.S., is around 12 percent higher than in Western Europe. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which came into effect January 1, 1994, sets out the schedule for tariff elimination for members.. As a small country, Canada has always been careful in it’s
  • Overview of Concentric
    Overview of Concentric Principles of Budget and Finance Overview of Concentric Brief History Concentric Network Corporation is an Internet service provider that began in 1991 under the name of Engineered Video Concepts, Inc., changed their name to Concentric Research Corporation in 1992 and began network operations in 1994. In 1995, the company changed its name to Concentric Network Corporation and reincorporated in 1997. The company offered public stocks on August 1, 1997. Since that time they
  • Proper business case
    proper business case Overview regarding the current situation of AWC Inc. The company that will be analyzed in this report is that of AWC Inc. AWC Inc., is an aluminum manufacturing company located in Southwestern Ontario. The company has been around since 1950, and was founded by Mr. Jim MacDonald, father of the current president Mr. Alex MacDonald. AWC specializes in the fabrication of aluminum windows, doors, storefronts, and curtain wall products. AWC has 100 committed staff with 45 in produ
  • SIVB
    SIVB Silicon Valley Bancshares (SIVB) NASDAQ Silicon Valley Bancshares is helping to fund the high-tech revolution. The Santa Clara, California firmly established parent of Silicon Valley Bank, which essentially serves companies in the high-tech and entertainment industries. This bank provides lines of credit, cash management, factoring, and foreign exchange services through 17 offices throughout California and other high growth areas. The bank specializes in offering startup scratch (in the for
  • Sony Corporation Executive Summary
    Sony Corporation Executive Summary Sony\'s current financial difficulties are tied into its corporate culture which were stated over 30 years ago. With such a large multinational corporation, greater planning and more use of strategies should be pursued. Sony could start with the implementation of a new mission statement, with profit and benefits of the company tied more closely to everyday operations. Internally, the four forces, the management, the designers, the production and the marketing s
  • Survival Tips For Small Businesses
    Survival Tips For Small Businesses You may be in Mail Order, Direct Mail, or you may be a local merchant with 150 employees; whichever, however or whatever... you\'ve got to know how to keep your business alive during economic recessions. Anytime the cash flow in a business, large or small, starts to tighten up, the money management of that business has to be run as a tight ship. Some of the things you can and should do include protecting yourself from expenditures made on sudden impulse. We\'ve
  • The Big Five
    The Big Five Prologue of History Until statehood, Hawaii was ruled economically by a consortium of corporations known as the "Big Five": C. Brewer and Co., sugar, ranching, and chemicals, founded in 1826; Theo. H. Davies & Co., sugar, investments, insurance, and transportation, founded in 1845; Amfac Inc. (originally H. Hackfield Inc.-a German firm that changed its name and ownership during the anti-German sentiment of WW I to American Factors), sugar, insurance, and land development, founded in
  • Clinton Administration Foreign Drug Policy In Colo
    Clinton Administration Foreign Drug Policy In Colombia Since the introduction of narcotics in the United States, American society has felt the effects of drug use in all aspects of daily living. As drug use heightened to new levels in the 1980\'s the Bush Administration chose to declare a war on drugs. Never before in our history had crime been combated with war. This war led to the militarization of the United States\' tactics for overcoming illegal drug use in the U.S. Instead of choosing to c
  • Counter Measures
    Counter Measures National Missile Defense (NMD) is once again a growing concern in America. There have been many new developments since the post-Cold War elimination of nuclear warfare. This diminishing of arms however, is a very fine line. The United States cannot afford to have less capability then the rest of the world, but it does want to encourage unilateral non-proliferation of nuclear arms. In addition, there is a new awareness of “rogue” nations that are completely unpredictable. Since t
  • Hal Riney & Partners, Inc
    Hal Riney & Partners, Inc Ownership/size/locations - Hal Riney & Partners, Inc., one of the most famous privately-owned advertising agencies in San Francisco, CA, was founded in 1986 by chairman and CEO Hal P. Riney himself. With the branch office in Chicago, Hal Riney & Partners Heartland, reaches out to clients in different regions as well. Both San Francisco and Chicago offices employ a total number of approximately 350 employees. Income/profitability - As of July 1996, Hal Riney & Partners,
  • Hitler
    Hitler 1. THE BEGINNING At half past six on the evening of April 20th, 1889 a child was born in the small town of Branau, Austria. The name of the child was Adolf Hitler. He was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his third wife Klara. As a young boy Adolf attendated church regulary and sang in the local choir. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a pretty good student. He received good marks in most
  • Adolf Hitler
    Adolf Hitler 1. THE BEGINNING At half past six on the evening of April 20th, 1889 a child was born in the small town of Branau, Austria. The name of the child was Adolf Hitler. He was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his third wife Klara. As a young boy Adolf attendated church regulary and sang in the local choir. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a pretty good student. He received good marks i
  • Adolf Hitler
    Adolf Hitler ADOLF HITLER 1. THE BEGINNING At half past six on the evening of April 20th, 1889 a child was born in the small town of Branau, Austria. The name of the child was Adolf Hitler. He was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his third wife Klara. As a young boy Adolf attendated church regulary and sang in the local choir. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a pretty good student. He received
  • Hal Riney & Partners
    Hal Riney & Partners Ownership/size/locations - Hal Riney & Partners, Inc., one of the most famous privately-owned advertising agencies in San Francisco, CA, was founded in 1986 by chairman and CEO Hal P. Riney himself. With the branch office in Chicago, Hal Riney & Partners Heartland, reaches out to clients in different regions as well. Both San Francisco and Chicago offices employ a total number of approximately 350 employees. Income/profitability - As of July 1996, Hal Riney & Partners, Inc.,
  • First Nations
    First Nations This essay will discuss the historical social aspects of Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Some topics include self-government of aboriginal, Health Care, Education, Native Organizations, and the way of life for an aboriginal person. These are all very important factors in the life of a status Indian, or native person. Every native person has to deal with these situations and institutions every day. Some living on the reserve, and others off, they all need health care and education, bu
  • Pancho Villa
    Pancho Villa Pancho villa Doroteo Aranga learned to hate aristocratic Dons, who worked he and many other Mexicans like slaves, Doroteo Aranga also known as Pancho villa hated aristocratic because he made them work like animals all day long with little to eat. Even more so, he hated ignorance within the Mexican people that allowed such injustices. At the young age of fifteen, Aranga came home to find his mother trying to prevent the rape of his sister. Aranga shot the man and fled to the Sierra M
  • Ponce de Leon
    Ponce de Leon Ponce de Leon’s Search for the Elusive Fountain Ponce de Leon’s quest for the fountain of youth led to the discovery of Florida and many other unexpected yet significant discoveries. His discoveries helped him to become a rich man and a brave conquistador. On March 3, 1513, Juan Ponce de Leon sailed from the island of Puerto Rico with three ships. After asking King Ferdinand of Spain permission to conquer and settle the island of Bimini, Ponce de Leon set sail on a quest for a myth
  • The American Health Care system has prided itself
    HMO The American Health Care system has prided itself on providing high quality services to the citizens who normally cannot afford them. This system has been in place for years and until now it did a fairly decent job. The problem today is money; the cost of hospital services and doctor fees are rising faster than ever before. The government has been trying to come up with a new plan these past few years even though there has been strong opposition against a new Health Care system. There are ma