Greenpeace History Essay

This essay has a total of 2574 words and 14 pages.

Greenpeace History

The year 1996 is a year of celebration for greenpeace. They are celebrating their 25th
year anniversary. Everything startde in 1969; Members were part of the ‘’Don’t make a
wave’’ committee in vancouver. This committee was founded by Jim Bohlen. He was a
forty-three year old American and was a composite-materials researcher. Another founder of
the committee was Irving Stowe; he was a Philadelphia lawyer. A jew who had joined the
Quaker religion. Paul Cote, a canadian lawyer in his mid twenties who had just gotten out
of shool when he joined the committee.

During this year, the United States had chosen to test its nuclear arsenal in Amchtka,
which is a small island off the west cost of alaska. This was a home for many animals
including eagles, falcons, endangered sea otters,etc...

These three men decided to produce means to end nuclear testing in Amchitka.Next they
decided to sail a boat they’d name it Greenpeace because they wanted the earth to be green
and yhey wanted peace. It was Bill Darnell who came upwith that name.

Suddenly, more peaple joined the commitee to stop nuclear testing in Amchitka, including
Terry Simmons, a cultural geographer. Bohlen and Stowe were attracting journalist,
columnist, writer, anyone who had somthing to do in the media. It took them two years to
get them ready for their journey towards justice for a land. Bohlen and cote were in
charge of fiding a boat. Meanwhile, Stowe took care of fiding the money. He used contacts
from the United States; he was a very serious man and did everything possible to get the
money they needed, he even organized a benefit concert which made seventeen thousand
dollars. The first boat they found Phylis Cormack was first seen as old and used that
wasn’t going to be capable of sailing to Amchitka, so they weren’t sure of using this
boat; it would carry twelve crew members and the trip would last six weeks. During this
year the ‘’Don’t Make a Wave’’ committee changed their name to Greenpeace foundation. The
day of the Greenpeace departu!

re to Amchitka, it was allover the news , everybody wanted a story on it. During their
voyage they ran through some complications and the day they were suppose to be in Amchitka
they were miles away from it.In that year, Greenpeace I (the Philys Cormack) and the
Greenpeace two (the Edgewater Fortune) finally sailed toward Amchitka. During their
voyage, they stayed with the cree Indians who described to them the legend of ‘’( UNESCO
Courrier, 1994:p38 ). From then they were looked upon as the Rainbow Warriors since their
goal was to help the environment from unfortunate diasters. Unfortunately, their first
voyage was defeated but the American government announced the ending of nuclear tests,
whaling fleets, protection for seals, etc....

In 1972, Greenpeace III was sent ( the Vega ) to sail to Moruroa Atoll in France Polynesia
to stop french atmospheric nuclear tests. On board of this boat David Mctaggart, a
Canadian founder of Greenpeace.

The french Marine’s reaction to the greenpeace boat was very aggresive so the Vega turned
back to were it came from. But that wasn’t the end, in 1973 , David Mctaggart went back
but was severely beaten by the French Marine. Word got around fast and it was all the
madia it gave a bad reputation to the French government.

In 1975, France announced the of atmospheric blasting but transfers the testing
underground. This was Greenpeace’s first victory.Greenpeace was expanding all around the
world : Canada, Australia, England, Scotland, U.S.A ,Europe, Danmark, Germany, U.S.S.R,
Spain, Japan, Mexico, Antartica, etc... I will write some of their past realisations:

In 1977; three Toronto Greenpeacers invaded by canoe the ungarded Bruce Nuclear Power
Station on Lake Huron to expose the reactors vulnerability to attack. In 1979; Canadian
Greenpeacers parachute into the world’s largest nuclear power plant constuction site at
Darlington, Ontario as part of a mass ocupation with other antinuclear groups.

In 1980; the Rainbow Warrior boat is seized and held for several months by the Spanish
government for interferring with illegal Spanish whaling operations.Five months later, the
shipand crew mae a daring night time escape pursued by the Spanish Navy.

In 1982; two Canadian Greenpeacers activists spend three days on top of a 650ft Ontario
Hydro smoke-attack at Nanticoke,puting on sale of electricity to the U.S wich increased
acid rain in Ontario.

The biggest and foremost concern of Greenpeace is the environment. They risk their lives
just to ensure the security of the planet we live in. This is non-violent. They hold no
attachment to governments, have no connection with any political parties; and they have a
non profit organisation. Greenpeace Foundation never takes any money from any group,
including government loans. They are simply an organisation that seeks for protection of
the environment and is favorable to any reaserch of solutions that may protect and assure
a peacefull futur for the next generation to come. They always welcome public opinions and
comments.




Greenpeace Structure
Greenpeace started out with a few people wanting to make a statement on nuclear testing
and look where it has brought them today. Greenpeace International now constitutes of
forty-three in thirty countries. They have developed into a universal organisation. They
campaign throughout the world on the most hazardous issues. Greenpeace gathers public
protest work with experts from all over the world, they operate with scientific, economic
and political research. They have people from the media that work with them in order to
get their ideas and plans to the world and for everyone to acknowledge what is happening
out there. They recommend publicly, stategies and solutions to help prevent environmental
conflict.


Who makes the decisions?
Greenpeace International heads in Amsterdam is the council who makes the decisions for the
institutions. Each Greenpeace office designates a delegate to the Council. They meet once
a year to make the decisions for the futur and have an overview of what is happening.




Greenpeace and their forests
Greenpeace has dedicated a lot of time to protect forests. They see forests as being a
home for a most plants and animals. Forests are providers for man. They provide wood,
medicine, regulation of climate, sources of food, nutrients, etc..

Greenpeace’s wayof thinking is ‘’forests sustain us, but but we are not sustaining
them.’’( www.Greenpeace.org). The only thing man does to forests them, so Greenpeace is
doing something about it.

The industries are the one’s doing the most harm to forests. Hundreds of forests have been
destroyed for the sake of industries.

To Greenpeace, the only one who should be dealing with forest is nature itself. They feel
that its the consumers duty and responsibility to lower their negative habits towards
forests by maximising the use of recycled and ecological forests products. However, this
causes a problem for industries because this how they earn their money. Governments and
other institutionsare aware of the damage caused to forests and are trying to change what
can be done. The foundation is trying to show what can be done. The foundation is trying
to show what can be done to improve the harm that is done to forests:

1. Peaple should acknowledge what should or shouldn’t be taken away from the forests.
2. Forests should be touched by products which shall have the smallest effect on its trees and other sources.
Greenpeace listed a few things that should be prohibited in the use of forests,such as,
ploughing and harrowing and the replacement of natural forests by tree plantations.
Greenpeace has been opposing against an industry-funded effort to create acting standard s
for canadian forestry which would supposedly guarantee environmentally responsible
logging.

The Canadian Standards Association has been creating a guarantee process that give
approval to clearcutting and chemical pesticide use in the forest industry. The
foundation signed petitions with other unions and First Nations as well as the public,
against this injustice to forests. The CSA decided to prolong the deadline of the process
until later that year. Clear-cut logging helps speed up the effects of the change of
climate. Widening the gaps in the forests help heat up the forests soil and increase the
speed of the wind. The articial tree plants that are planted after clearcutting are more
inclined to fire, insect outbreaks and wind damage.




Nuclear Testing and the Nuclear non-proliferation Treaty
Another case is considerably important to the Greenpeace foundation is the french nuclear
testing and the Non-proliferation treaty. Greenpeace is against all types of nuclear
testing in any country. On july 10,1985 French agents bombed the Rainbow Warrior in
Auckland harbour to prevent its journey of protest on the nuclear testing site of Moruroa
in French Polynesia.

In 1963, Partial Test Band Treaty ended nuclear testing in the atmosphere. In 1970, the
non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) was signed. This treaty was signed by states who did not
have nuclear weapons and agreed not to develop them, those with weapons agreed to get rid
of them.

Twenty-five years after this treaty, some countries continue using and modernising their
supply of stock. In april-may 1995, a meeting was held in New-York where the non-nuclear
states wanted greater progress on nuclear disarmement, but the nuclear states wanted for
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