Genetic Engineering Paper

This essay has a total of 977 words and 4 pages.

Genetic Engineering

Humans try too hard to rationalize their life. They toy with subjects that they cannot
comprehend. Genetics are a part of this universe that even scientists do not understand.
Scientists have studied genes for years and have only positively identified one gene. One
would think that with so little understanding of genetics, scientists would not try to
manipulate genes. Their ignorance does not stop them, but only makes their will to
experiment with genetics even stronger. So little knowledge can be hazardous. Mistakes can
be made with catastrophic results. Humans should not toy with genetics due to the fact
that they have very little understanding of them and could make irreversible mistakes.

One might believe that genetics are harmless but everyone knows that genetics are wrong
due to the fact that we are toying with genes that we do not understand. An example of a
genetic experiment gone wrong is killer bees. The bees were engineered to produce a better
honey and more of it. When they were accidentally released into the wild, they started
reproducing at an astonishing rate. Now they have moved up the coast from Mexico into the
southwestern United States. Killer bees are extremely aggressive and will attack their
victim relentlessly until their death. Many human deaths have been attributed to these
violent insects. Some of these deaths are from large swarms of bees attacking an entire
crowd of people. All of the deaths are due to the fact that a scientist tried to utilize
something he did not understand.

The first genetic experiments were cruel. Small animals were exposed to huge amounts of
radiation. The scientists would watch as each generation of animals had different
mutations as well as malformed genes. Today’s experiments are not as brutal but are still
abusive. Scientists try to add genes to and remove genes from an animal’s genetic make up.
The scientists then watch how the animals look or function differently. This method is
difficult and does not produce accurate results. Scientists need to wait until they know
more about genetics before they experiment with them. It should not be necessary to
torture animals to gain a little knowledge.

Scientists have had many leads in identifying genes. Only one of them has been an actual
gene that has the same affect in everyone who has it. This is the gene that causes a
psychological disorder. All the other "identifications" have not been confirmed.
Scientists thought that they had found an alcoholism gene. It was later found that some
people who drank and did not become alcoholics had the gene too. Another highly publicized
find that was not confirmed was the "fat gene". This gene was found in slim people as well
as obese people. Scientists should work on identifying genes before they experiment with
them.

Some genes are nothing but excuses for not being lazy. Someone could say that it’s okay
that they are obese due to the fact that they have a "fat gene". One could say that going
into a rehabilitation center for alcoholism was useless since they had the gene that
caused alcoholism. Genes should not give us an excuse to be anything but healthy. We as
people are not determined by our genes. Genes mostly dominate our appearance and are only
Continues for 2 more pages >>




  • Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae)
    Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae) Corynebacteria are Gram-positive, aerobic, nonmotile, rod-shaped bacteria related to the Actinomycetes. They do not form spores or branch as do the actinomycetes, but they have the characteristic of forming irregular shaped, club-shaped or V-shaped arrangements in normal growth. They undergo snapping movements just after cell division which brings them into characteristic arrangements resembling Chinese letters. The genus Corynebacterium consists of a div
  • Bioluminescence in Fungi
    Bioluminescence in Fungi INTRODUCTION What is Bioluminescence? The current paper main focus is on bioluminescent Fungi but the basic features of bioluminescence discussed are common to all bioluminescent organisms. Bioluminescence is simply light created by living organisms. Probably the most commonly known example of bioluminescence by North Americans is the firefly, which lights its abdomen during its mating season to communicate with potential mates. This bioluminescent ability occurs in 25 d
  • Evolution From A Molecular Perspective
    Evolution From A Molecular Perspective Introduction: Why globular evolution? Evolution has been a heavily debated issue since Charles Darwin first documented the theory in 1859. However, until just recently, adaptation at a molecular level has been overlooked except by the scientific world. Now with the help of modern technology, the protein sequences of nearly every known living thing have either been established or are in the process of establishment, and are widely accessible via the internet
  • Genetic Engineering, History and Future: Altering
    Genetic Engineering, History and Future: Altering the Face of Science Science is a creature that continues to evolve at a much higher rate than the beings that gave it birth. The transformation time from tree-shrew, to ape, to human far exceeds the time from analytical engine, to calculator, to computer. But science, in the past, has always remained distant. It has allowed for advances in production, transportation, and even entertainment, but never in history will science be able to so deeply a
  • Growth Dynamics of E. coli in Varying Concentratio
    Growth Dynamics of E. coli in Varying Concentrations of Nutrient Broths, pH, and in the Presence of an Antibiotic Dvora Szego, Elysia Preston Darcy Kmiotek, Brian Libby Department of Biology Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy, NY 12180 Abstract The purpose in this experiment of growth dynamics of E. coli in varying media was to determine which media produces the maximum number of cells per unit time. First a control was established for E. coli in a 1.0x nutrient broth. This was used to compar
  • What Are The Major Components of Biological Membra
    What Are The Major Components of Biological Membranes And How Do They Contribute To Membrane Function?. Summary. The role of the biological membrane has proved to be vital in countless mechanisms necessary to a cells survival. The phospholipid bilayer performs the simpler functions such as compartmentation, protection and osmoregulation. The proteins perform a wider range of functions such as extracellular interactions and metabolic processes. The carbohydrates are found in conjunction with both
  • Morality and the Human Genome Project
    Morality and the Human Genome Project Does the Human Genome Project affect the moral standards of society? Can the information produced by it become a beneficial asset or a moral evil? For example, in a genetic race or class distinction the use of the X chromosome markers can be used for the identification of a persons ethnicity or class (Murphy,34). A seemingly harmless collection of information from the advancement of the Human Genome Project. But, lets assume this information is used to explo
  • New Developments or Research in Genetic Cloning: S
    New Developments or Research in Genetic Cloning: Summary Since genetic cloning is a very wide topic, the focus of my paper lies mainly on the new discoveries which might be beneficial to human beings. The focus of the first section of the paper is on the various cloning techniques geneticists use nowadays. They techniques included range from the simplest and suitable for all situations, to complicated and suitable for certain areas. The second section of the paper, the longest section, discusses
  • The Effects of Altitude On Human Physiology
    The Effects of Altitude On Human Physiology Changes in altitude have a profound effect on the human body. The body attempts to maintain a state of homeostasis or balance to ensure the optimal operating environment for its complex chemical systems. Any change from this homeostasis is a change away from the optimal operating environment. The body attempts to correct this imbalance. One such imbalance is the effect of increasing altitude on the body\'s ability to provide adequate oxygen to be utili
  • Introduction To Evolution
    Introduction To Evolution What is Evolution? Evolution is the process by which all living things have developed from primitive organisms through changes occurring over billions of years, a process that includes all animals and plants. Exactly how evolution occurs is still a matter of debate, but there are many different theories and that it occurs is a scientific fact. Biologists agree that all living things come through a long history of changes shaped by physical and chemical processes that ar
  • Analytical Chemistry
    Analytical Chemistry Analytical Chemistry is the branch of chemistry principally concerned with determining the chemical composition of materials, which may be solids, liquids, gases, pure elements, compounds, or complex mixtures. In addition, chemical analysis can characterize materials but determining their molecular structures and measuring such physical properties as pH, color, and solubility. Wet analysis involves the studying of substances that have been submerged in a solution and microan
  • The AIDS virus is one of the most deadly and most
    AZT The AIDS virus is one of the most deadly and most wide spread diseases in the modern era. The disease was first found in 1981 as doctors around the United States began to report groups of young, homosexual men developing a rare pneumonia caused by an organism called Penumocystis carini. These patients then went on to develop many other new and rare complications that had previously been seen only in patients with severely damaged immune systems. The Center for Disease Control in the United S
  • An End To Genetic Diseases
    An End To Genetic Diseases The United States has a very diverse heritage. There is no American race. Americans are the blending of many cultures throughout many generations. With this blending of cultures comes a blending of genes. In the past, genes have not been well understood. They were not understood until Mendel did experiments on plants to find out why different plants of the same species had different characteristics. His goal was to find the key to unlock the mystery of inheritance (Cop
  • Biology
    Biology Biology is the science of living systems. It is inherently interdisciplinary, requiring knowledge of the physical sciences and mathematics, although specialities may be oriented toward a group of organisms or a level of organization. BOTANY is concerned with plant life, ZOOLOGY with animal life, algology with ALGAE, MYCOLOGY with fungi, MICROBIOLOGY with microorganisms such as protozoa and bacteria, CYTOLOGY with CELLS, and so on. All biological specialties, however, are concerned with l
  • Biotechnology
    Biotechnology Biotechnology: Its application in agriculture Introduction: Persuade public to become aware of the changes Persuade audience to think about where they stand on this very important issue and take action according to your decision. Labeling and careful regulation of genetically manufactured foods v Persuade the American Public to think about the following changes that are being made in Agriculture as a society wish should discuss the issue. v Control genetic technology, Persuade publ
  • Botany
    Botany Botany Choosing a career in botany ensures a person a wide choice of career opportunities, a fair salary, and an exciting life. If you prepare yourself with a good education and a positive attitude, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a successful botanist. Anyone can find enjoyment and fulfillment in a career field as fun and beneficial to others as botany. If you like nature and being outdoors, you might enjoy a career as an ecologist, taxonomist, conservationist, forester, or even a
  • Effects Of Altitude On Human Physiology
    Effects Of Altitude On Human Physiology The Effects Of Altitude On Human Physiology Changes in altitude have a profound effect on the human body. The body attempts to maintain a state of homeostasis or balance to ensure the optimal operating environment for its complex chemical systems. Any change from this homeostasis is a change away from the optimal operating environment. The body attempts to correct this imbalance. One such imbalance is the effect of increasing altitude on the body\'s abilit
  • Genetic Engineering, History And FutureAltering Th
    Genetic Engineering, History And FutureAltering The Face Of Science Science is a creature that continues to evolve at a much higher rate than the beings that gave it birth. The transformation time from tree-shrew, to ape, to human far exceeds the time from analytical engine, to calculator, to computer. But science, in the past, has always remained distant. It has allowed for advances in production, transportation, and even entertainment, but never in history will science be able to so deeply aff
  • THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
    THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Changes in altitude have a profound effect on the human body. The body attempts to maintain a state of homeostasis or balance to ensure the optimal operating environment for its complex chemical systems. Any change from this homeostasis is a change away from the optimal operating environment. The body attempts to correct this imbalance. One such imbalance is the effect of increasing altitude on the body\'s ability to provide adequate oxygen to be utili
  • The Human Brain
    The Human Brain The Human Brain Through the use of molecular biology it is thought that the hominidae family first appeared about 5 million years ago. Based on this time frame it is believed that an African Hominoid lineage was present shortly before that time, approximately 10 myp, which contained the common ancestor to both the chimpanzee and human. The split into proto-chimpanzee and proto-human occurred during the last million years of the Miocene epoch. (Changeux and Chavaillon pg. 61). The
  • Multimedia
    Multimedia Multimedia, or mixed-media, systems offer presentations that integrate effects existing in a variety of formats, including text, graphics, animation, audio, and video. Such presentations first became commercially available in very primitive form in the early 1980s, as a result of advances that have been made in digital compression technology-- particularly the difficult area of image compression. Multimedia online services are obtainable through telephone/computer or television links,
  • The Applications Of Technology In The First Decade
    The Applications Of Technology In The First Decade Of The Twenty-First Century The Applications of Technology in the First Decade of the Twenty-First Century A quote I heard many times when I was in high school and which I now know traces back to Sir Francis Bacon, one of our earliest scientist or philosophers as they were then called, is the statement Knowledge Is Power. Today, I believe that the fuller, more correct statement is to say, the application of knowledge is power. The study of scien
  • Is More Than One Cause of AIDS Possible
    Is More Than One Cause of AIDS Possible Is More Than One Cause of AIDS Possible? “The HIV establishment and its journalist allies have replied to various specific criticisms of the HIV theory without taking them seriously. They have never provided an authoritative paper that undertakes to prove that HIV really is the cause of AIDS.... After ten years of failure, it is time to take a second look.” -Charles A. Thomas, Jr., Kary B. Mullis, and Phillip E. Johnson (qtd. in Atwan) A homosexual male ex
  • Characteristics Of Organisms Used For Genetic Stud
    Characteristics Of Organisms Used For Genetic Studies o General Features of an Organism Used for Genetic Studies o good genetic background o easy to grow o controlled matings possible o can be genetically engineered o funding available o Viruses o easily grown in culture o rapid generation time o encode only a few the proteins, which permit a detailed analysis of well-defined system o some viruses have control mechanisms found in eukaryotic species o can be genetically engineered o lack organize
  • Chapter 6 Vocabulary
    Chapter 6 Vocabulary Biology 7th period o pho·to·syn·the·sis The process in green plants and certain other organisms by which carbohydrates are synthesized from carbon dioxide and water using light as an energy source. Most forms of photosynthesis release oxygen as a byproduct. o glu·cose n. A monosaccharide sugar, C6H12O6, occurring widely in most plant and animal tissue. It is the principal circulating sugar in the blood and the major energy source of the body. 3. au·to·troph An organism capab
  • The Offspring
    The Offspring The Offspring have been playing punk rock since 1986 when Holland and Kreisel (Greg K) got together through their high school cross country track team in Garden Grove, Calif. The quartet progressed from playing covers on the weekends to a deal with Epitaph, the Los Angeles indie run by former Bad Religion guitarist Brett Gurewitz. The 1994 Epitaph release \'SMASH\' spawned the international hit Come Out and Play (Keep \'Em Separated). The Offspring\'s second album for Epitaph did t
  • Chemiluminescence
    Chemiluminescence A2 Table of Contents Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5 History. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .6 What is Chemiluminescence?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16 Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .17-19 Bibliography. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .
  • BioinformaticsIntroduction
    BioinformaticsIntroduction We take bioinformatics to mean the emerging field of science growing from the application of mathematics, statistics, and information technology, including computers and the theory surrounding them, to the study and analysis of very large biological, and particularly genetic, data sets. The field has been fueled by the increase in DNA data generation leading to the massive data sets already generated, and yet to be generated, in particular, the data from the human geno
  • Genetic Engineering History
    Genetic Engineering History You would think that Genetic Engineering began recently, but it dates back to the 1800\'s with Charles Darwin’ s Theory of Evolution. His theory includes the five points of natural selection: 1. Variation in Populations Many variations are inherited from parents to their offspring. 2. Some Variations are Favorable Variations are favorable when they improve the organism\'s ability to function and reproduce in its own particular environment. 3. More Offspring than can
  • Physiological Adaptations of the Plesiosaur for ‘H
    Physiological Adaptations of the Plesiosaur for ‘Holding its Breath’ One hundred and fifty million years ago, large aquatic species of reptile such as the Plesiosaur dominated the ocean, and were pre-eminent predators of the sea. The branch of now extinct Plesiosaurs, or ‘near lizards’, evolved into variant closely related species specialised to take different niches in the food chain. Such species of Plesiosaur include the phenotypically similar Plesiosauroid and Pliosauroid. The physiological
  • James D. Watson
    James D. Watson James watson was born in Chicago, Illinois on april 6th, 1928. he went to school for eight years and went to high school for two years. Then he received a tuition scholarship to the university of chicago , and went there for four years . in 1947 , he received a b.s.c DEGREE IN ZOOLOGY. HIS INTEREST WAS IN BIRDWATCHING , BUT LATER , HE GOT MORE INTERESTED IN GENETICS . AFTER HE HAD EARNED MANY EDUCATION RELATED DEGREES IN DIFFERENT SUBJECTS , HE STUDIED THE EFFECT OD X-RAYS ON BAC
  • Radioactive Materials
    Radioactive Materials Here\'s just a sampling of radioactive materials...and the many ways they improve lives. Americium -241: Used in many smoke detectors for homes and business...to measure levels of toxic lead in dried paint samples...to ensure uniform thickness in rolling processes like steel and paper production...and to help determine where oil wells should be drilled. Cadmium -109: Used to analyze metal alloys for checking stock, sorting scrap. Calcium - 47: Important aid to biomedical re
  • The Nature of Science
    The Nature of Science 1) THE NATURE OF SCIENCE- Pitjendara tribe of Australia finds answers about nature in stones called Ayer’s Rock; it contains 2 pictures of 2 snakes; Liru and Kunia; also contains sand-lizard man digging for water. The goal of science is to understand the world around us. Scientific Method-1) Observing & state problem 2) Forming hyp. 3) Test hyp. 4) Record & analyze data 5) Form conclusion 6) Replicate work. Control exp. allow researchers to isolate & test the effects of a s
  • Evolution
    Evolution Evolution and philosophy have a relationship as old as the idea of evolution itself. This is a partly due to the fact that science and philosophy only separated about the time evolutionary theories were being first proposed, but also because - especially in the Darwinian context - evolution was opposed to many cherished philosophical doctrines. The first main criticisms of evolution lay in the idea that species were eternal types, and so by definition species could not change. More rec
  • A Discussion on Multimedia
    A Discussion on Multimedia Multimedia, or mixed-media, systems offer presentations that integrate effects existing in a variety of formats, including text, graphics, animation, audio, and video. Such presentations first became commercially available in very primitive form in the early 1980s, as a result of advances that have been made in digital compression technology-- particularly the difficult area of image compression. Multimedia online services are obtainable through telephone/computer or t
  • The Human Genome Project
    The Human Genome Project Walter Gilbert who is a molecular biologist became interested in undertaking the Human Genome Project (HGP) in 1987. Robert Kanigel of the New York Times Magazine wrote "This project ... would reveal the precise biochemical makeup of the entire genetic material, or genome, of a human being ... it would grant insight into human biology previously held only by god.” (McMurry, 758) The plan was to create a map or library of human deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). About the same
  • Organic Compounds
    Organic Compounds Chemists observed that there were two types of substances. Those from non-living matter and those from living matter. They were classified into two categories which include inorganic substances and organic substances. Many similar properties were observed by the Chemists. Most inorganic substances were observed to change very little, if any, when heated. Also, organic substances were thought to be produced only by living organisms. Later in time organic substances were studied
  • AIDS AND IMMUNITY
    AIDS AND IMMUNITY Battling the Perfect Immune System Killer "It\'s hard to tell if the glass is half full or half empty," Ilana Fogelman said, shrugging her shoulders. She was speaking of her Food and Drug Administration research on the immune responses of AIDS patients who have been taking the powerful triple-drug combination therapy called HAART. Pointing to her work, posted on a wall at the 12th World Conference on AIDS here, she knitted her brow and then concluded, "We\'ll have to do some mo
  • THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
    THE EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE ON HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Changes in altitude have a profound effect on the human body. The body attempts to maintain a state of homeostasis or balance to ensure the optimal operating environment for its complex chemical systems. Any change from this homeostasis is a change away from the optimal operating environment. The body attempts to correct this imbalance. One such imbalance is the effect of increasing altitude on the body\'s ability to provide adequate oxygen to be utili
  • Linus Carl Pauling
    Linus Carl Pauling Linus Carl Pauling was born Feb. 28, 1901 in Portland Oreg. He has made major contributions in structural chemistry and molecular biology. Linus Pauling became interested in biological molecules, and he preformed magnetic studies on oxygen-carrying hemoglobin molecules with C. D. Coryell. Linus developed a structural theory of denatured and coagulated protein molecules. He was interrupted on his work during WWII he had to work on explosives and developed an oxygen detector. He
  • EVOLUTION
    EVOLUTION TABLE OF CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION ............................................... 2 DARWINIAN THEORY OF EVOLUTION .............................. 4 THE THEORY OF BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION: CONTRIBUTING ELEMENTS ....................... 7 WALLACE\'S CONTRIBUTIONS ................................... 13 HARDY-WEINBERG PRINCIPLE .................................. 15 COMPARISON: LAMARCK vs. DARWIN ........................... 16 DARWIN\'S INFLUENCES ....................................... 20 METH
  • Theory of Evolution
    Theory of Evolution Title of Paper : Theory of Evolution Grade Received on Report : 87 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION ............................................... 2 DARWINIAN THEORY OF EVOLUTION .............................. 4 THE THEORY OF BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION: CONTRIBUTING ELEMENTS ....................... 7 WALLACE\'S CONTRIBUTIONS ................................... 13 HARDY-WEINBERG PRINCIPLE .................................. 15 COMPARISON: LAMARCK vs. DARWIN ......................
  • Evolution
    Evolution The theory of evolution, as set forth by Charles Darwin in 1859, stated that all plant and animal life evolved over long periods of time from simple to more complicated forms through mutation and adaptation. He also taught that only the fittest of each species would survive. He further postulated that the first living cell evolved in a "warm warm little pond" and that it took billions of years for the present diversity of living things to evolve. At the time, it was thought that the fe
  • Genetic Engineering, history and future
    Genetic Engineering, history and future Altering the Face of Science Science is a creature that continues to evolve at a much higher rate than the beings that gave it birth. The transformation time from tree-shrew, to ape, to human far exceeds the time from analytical engine, to calculator, to computer. But science, in the past, has always remained distant. It has allowed for advances in production, transportation, and even entertainment, but never in history will science be able to so deeply af